Lincoln D. Stein > VM-EC2 > VM::EC2::Generic

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NAME ^

VM::EC2::Generic - Base class for VM::EC2 objects

SYNOPSIS ^

  use VM::EC2;

 my $ec2 = VM::EC2->new(-access_key => 'access key id',
                      -secret_key => 'aws_secret_key',
                      -endpoint   => 'http://ec2.amazonaws.com');

 my $object = $ec2->some_method(...);

 # getting data fields
 my @field_names = $object->fields;

 # invoking data fields as methods
 my $request_id = $object->requestId;
 my $xmlns      = $object->xmlns;

 # tagging 
 my $tags = $object->tags;

 if ($tags->{Role} eq 'WebServer') {
    $object->delete_tags(Role=>undef);
    $object->add_tags(Role   => 'Web Server',
                      Status => 'development');
 }

 # get the parsed XML object as a hash
 my $hashref = $object->payload;

 # get the parsed XML object as a Data::Dumper string
 my $text = $object->as_string;

 # get the VM::EC2 object back
 my $ec2 = $object->ec2;

 # get the most recent error string
 warn $object->error_str;

DESCRIPTION ^

This is a common base class for objects returned from VM::EC2. It provides a number of generic methods that are used in subclasses, but is not intended to be used directly.

METHODS ^

$object = VM::EC2::Generic->new($payload,$ec2 [,$xmlns, $requestId])

Given the parsed XML generated by VM::EC2::Dispatch and the VM::EC2 object, return a new object. Two optional additional arguments provide the seldom-needed XML namespace and ID of the request that generated this object.

$ec2 = $object->ec2

$ec2 = $object->aws

Return the VM::EC2 object that generated this object. This method can be called as either ec2() (preferred) or aws() (deprecated).

$id = $object->primary_id (optional method)

Resources that have unique Amazon identifiers, such as images, instances and volumes, implement the primary_id() method to return that identifier. Resources that do not have unique identifiers, will throw an exception if this method is called. This method is in addition to the resource-specific ID. For example, volumes have a unique ID, and this ID can be fetched with either of:

  $vol->volumeId;

or

  $vol->primary_id;

$xmlns = $object->xmlns

Return the XML namespace of the request that generated this object, if any. All objects generated by direct requests on the VM::EC2 object will return this field, but objects returned via methods calls on these objects (objects once removed) may not.

$id = $object->requestId

Return the ID of the reuqest that generated this object, if any. All objects generated by direct requests on the VM::EC2 object will return this field, but objects returned via methods calls on these objects (objects once removed) may not.

$name = $object->short_name

Return a short name for this object for use in string interpolation. If the object has a primary_id() method, then this returns that ID. Otherwise it returns the default Perl object name (VM::EC2::Generic=HASH(0x99f3850). Some classes override short_name() in order to customized information about the object. See for example VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission.

$hashref = $object->payload

Return the parsed XML hashref that underlies this object. See VM::EC2::Dispatch.

@fields = $object->fields

Return the data field names that are valid for an object of this type. These field names correspond to tags in the XML returned from Amazon and can then be used as method calls.

Internally, this method is called valid_fields()

$text = $object->as_string

Return a Data::Dumper representation of the contents of this object's payload.

$hashref = $object->tags

$hashref = $object->tagSet

Return the metadata tags assigned to this resource, if any, as a hashref. Both tags() and tagSet() work identically.

$boolean = $object->add_tags(Tag1=>'value1',Tag2=>'value2',...)

$boolean = $object->add_tags(\%hash)

Add one or more tags to the object. You may provide either a list of tag/value pairs or a hashref. If no tag of the indicated name exsists it will be created. If there is already a tag by this name, it will be set to the provided value. The result code is true if the Amazon resource was successfully updated.

Also see VM::EC2->add_tags() for a way of tagging multiple resources simultaneously.

The alias add_tag() is also provided as a convenience.

$boolean = $object->delete_tags(@args)

Delete the indicated tags from the indicated resource. There are several variants you may use:

 # delete Foo tag if it has value "bar" and Buzz tag if it has value 'bazz'
 $i->delete_tags({Foo=>'bar',Buzz=>'bazz'})  

 # same as above but using a list rather than a hashref
 $i->delete_tags(Foo=>'bar',Buzz=>'bazz')  

 # delete Foo tag if it has any value, Buzz if it has value 'bazz'
 $i->delete_tags({Foo=>undef,Buzz=>'bazz'})

 # delete Foo and Buzz tags unconditionally
 $i->delete_tags(['Foo','Buzz'])

 # delete Foo tag unconditionally
 $i->delete_tags('Foo');

Also see VM::EC2->delete_tags() for a way of deleting tags from multiple resources simultaneously.

$xml = $object->as_xml

Returns an XML version of the object. The object will already been parsed by XML::Simple at this point, and so the data returned by this method will not be identical to the XML returned by AWS.

$value = $object->attribute('tag_name')

Returns the value of a tag in the XML returned from AWS, using a simple heuristic. If the requested tag has a nested tag named <value> it will return the contents of <value>. If the tag has one or more nested tags named <item>, it will return a list of hashrefs located within the <item> tag. Otherwise it will return the contents of <tag_name>.

$string = $object->error_str

Returns the error string for the last operation, if any, as reported by VM::EC2.

$string = $object->error

Returns the VM::EC2::Error object from the last operation, if any, as reported by VM::EC2.

STRING OVERLOADING ^

This base class and its subclasses use string overloading so that the object looks and acts like a simple string when used in a string context (such as when printed or combined with other strings). Typically the string corresponds to the Amazon resource ID such as "ami-12345" and is generated by the short_name() method.

You can sort and compare the objects as if they were strings, but despite this, object method calls work in the usual way.

SEE ALSO ^

VM::EC2 VM::EC2::Dispatch VM::EC2::Generic VM::EC2::BlockDevice VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Attachment VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Mapping VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Mapping::EBS VM::EC2::ConsoleOutput VM::EC2::Error VM::EC2::Generic VM::EC2::Group VM::EC2::Image VM::EC2::Instance VM::EC2::Instance::Set VM::EC2::Instance::State VM::EC2::Instance::State::Change VM::EC2::Instance::State::Reason VM::EC2::Region VM::EC2::ReservationSet VM::EC2::SecurityGroup VM::EC2::Snapshot VM::EC2::Tag VM::EC2::Volume

AUTHOR ^

Lincoln Stein <lincoln.stein@gmail.com>.

Copyright (c) 2011 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

This package and its accompanying libraries is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GPL (either version 1, or at your option, any later version) or the Artistic License 2.0. Refer to LICENSE for the full license text. In addition, please see DISCLAIMER.txt for disclaimers of warranty.

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