Leif Johansson > Heimdal-Kadm5-0.08 > Heimdal::Kadm5

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NAME ^

Heimdal::Kadm5 - Perl extension for adminstration of Heimdal Kerberos servers (kadmin)

SYNOPSIS ^

use Heimdal::Kadm5;

$client = Heimdal::Kadm5::Client->new('Client'=>'you/admin@YOUR.REALM', 'Password'=>'eatmyshorts'); foreach my $name ($client->getPrincipals('*/admin')) { my $principal = $client->getPrincipal($name); $principal->dump; }

DESCRIPTION ^

Heimdal::Kadm5 is a basic XSUB perl glue to the Heimdal (http://www.pdc.kth.se/src/heimdal) kadm5clnt library. Heimdal is a free, slightly less export challenged implementation of Kerberos5 by Assar Westerlund and Johan Danielsson. Heimdal::Kadm5 allows you to perform more administration of your kdc than you can usually pull off with the included kadmin program. Heimdal::Kadm5 should be considered alpha-code and may consequently crash and burn but should not muck up your kdc any more than kadmin itself does.

OBJECTS ^

Heimdal::Kadm5::Client represents a client connection (the truly perverse may conspire to write a kadmin servlet in perl and put that in Heimdal::Kadm5::Server) to a kadmin server. The main object handled by a kadmin server is a kadm5_principal_ent_t (kadm5/admin.h). This type corresponds to the perl class Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal. This object is returned by the getPrincipal method of Heimdal::Kadm5::Client and can be created (when adding principals to the kdc) using the makePrincipal method of Heimdal::Kadm5::Client. Note: Do not create Principals directly through Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal. Principals in the traditional sense of the word (i.e things of type krb5_principal) are passed around as strings ('name/instance@REALM' or 'name@REALM');

METHODS ^

In what follows $principal denotes an instance of Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal, $name denotes a principal name, $bitmask denotes an (you guessed it!) integer representing a bitmask, $seconds an integer representing seconds since the epoch (time_t value), $client a Heimdal::Kadm5::Client instance. Other variables should be even more obvious or are explained in the text.

Heimdal::Kadm5::Client

Minimal use:

my $client = Heimdal::Kadm5::Client->new(Client=>'you');

This would connect using a password for 'you@DEFREALM'. The password is prompted on the active tty.

A more complex example:

my $client = Heimdal::Kadm5::Client->new( RaiseErrors => 1, Server => 'adm.somewhere.net', Port => '8899', # Required: Client => 'you/admin', Realm => 'OTHER.REALM', # --- Either --- Password => 'very secret', # --- Or --- Keytab => '$HOME/mysecret.keytab' );

Be very careful when using the Password parameter: it implies storing the password in the script or reading it from commmand line arguments or through some other means. Only use this on secured hosts, never from NFS mounted filesystems, and never using principals allowed to perform all operations on the kdc. In this case using a keytable (see ktutil(8) for information on how to create keytabs) is a better way to go.

Normally both the Server, Port and Realm parameters are determined from the kerberos context (configuration files, DNS etc etc) but you may need to override them. If you leave out the password or set it to undef the client library will prompt you for a password. You must include the Client parameter which is usually your admin or root -instance depending on your local system of belief. If for some reason the client connection cannot be initialized undef is returned and errors are sent to warn unless the RaiseError parameter is set in which case all errors are propagated by die.

my @names = $client->getPrincipals($pattern);

The getPrincipals method returns a list of principals matching $pattern which is not a regular expression but rather a glob-like animal. For instance '*/admin@REALM' is an ok pattern. The elements of the list are principal names which can be used to obtain Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal object using

my $principal = $client->getPrincipal($name);

which returns a Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal object (see the next section for details).

my $principal = $client->makePrincipal($name);

The makePrincipal method takes a principal name and creates an empty Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal object. This is intended for adding principals to the kdc. After creating the principal using makePrincipal use the accessor methods in Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal to set values before adding the principal using

$client->createPrincipal($principal,$password,$mask);

If $mask is set this value is used to determine which elements of the principal to include in the creation. Normally this value is automatically determined by tracking the uses of the accessor methods in the Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal class.

Modifications to an existing principal is done using this method:

$client->createPrincipal($principal,$mask);

The $mask value works in the same way as described above for createPrincipal. It is sometimes useful to disable (lock) a principal, for instance when several operations must be performed. The following methods can be used:

$client->disablePrincipal($name);

$client->enablePrincipal($name);

Other methods which modify the kdc are and the use of which should be obvious:

$client->changePassword($name, $password);

$client->deletePrincipal($name);

$client->renamePrincipal($name, $newname);

$client->randKeyPrincipal($name);

This method creates a random set of keys for the principal named $name. This is typically done for service principals. When creating a new service principal it is probably a good idea to create the principal with some initial password, disable the principal, apply the randKeyPrincipal method and then enable the principal.

$client->handle->c_flush();

This method flushes all modifications to the datastore. It is called automatically when the client handle is DESTROYed if any modifications (password change, create, rename or delete has been performed);

$client->extractKeytab($principal,$keytab);

This method extracts the keys belonging to the principal object to the keytab (optionally) specified by the second argument. If the second argument is missing it defaults to the standard default keytab, typically /etc/krb5.keytab.

Heimdal::Kadm5::Principal

$principal->dump($io);

Dumps a representation of $principal on the $io handle (which defaults to \*STDOUT). This is mostly usable for debugging or simple scripts.

my $name = $principal->getPrincipal(); $principal->setPrincipal($name);

Gets and sets the principal name.

my $seconds = $principal->getPrincExpireTime(); $principal->setPrincExpireTime($seconds);

Gets and sets the time this principal expires.

my $seconds = $principal->getLastPwdChange();

Returns the last time this principal's password was changed.

my $kvno = $principal->getKvno();

Returns the key version number of this principal's password.

my $mkvno = $principal->getMKvno();

Returns this principal's MKvno.

my $seconds = $principal->getPwExpiration(); $principal->setPwExpiration($seconds);

Gets and sets the password expriation time.

my $seconds = $principal->getMaxLife(); $principal->setMaxLife($seconds);

Gets and sets the maximum lifetime of a ticket.

my $seconds = $principal->getMaxRenewableLife(); $principal->setMaxRenewableLife($seconds);

Gets and sets the maximum renewable ticket lifetime.

my $name = $principal->getModName();

Returns the principal name of the last modifier of the entry. Not currently (as of heimdal 0.1g) supported by heimdal and contains undef.

my $seconds = $principal->getModDate();

Returns the date of last modification of the entry.

my $policyname = $principal->getPolicy();

getPolicy returns undef if no policy is set. Policies are not currently supported (as of heimdal 0.1g) and always returns undef.

my $seconds = $principal->getLastSuccess();

Last time a successful authentication was done against this principal.

my $seconds= $principal->getLastFailed();

Last time a failed authentication was done against this principal.

my $nfailed = $principal->getFailAuthCounts();

How many failed login attempts was done against this principal.

my $bitmask = $principal->getAttributes();

The bitmask of attributes for this principal.

my @names = $principal->getAttributeNames();

The list of attribute names for this principal, expanded from the bitmask.

my $arrayref = $principal->getKeyTypes();

getKeyTypes returns an array reference consisting of a list of array references with two elements each: [keytype,salt]. The keytype and salt are strings which describe a key associated with the principal. Note that this data may not be present depending on how the principal was obtained.

my $password = $principal->getPassword();

getPassword returns the password if its saved in the Kerberos database. Not the that principal object need to fetched with the bit KADM5_TL_DATA set in the mask.

Exported constants ^

  KADM5_ADMIN_SERVICE
  KADM5_API_VERSION_1
  KADM5_API_VERSION_2
  KADM5_ATTRIBUTES
  KADM5_AUX_ATTRIBUTES
  KADM5_CHANGEPW_SERVICE
  KADM5_CONFIG_ACL_FILE
  KADM5_CONFIG_ADBNAME
  KADM5_CONFIG_ADB_LOCKFILE
  KADM5_CONFIG_ADMIN_KEYTAB
  KADM5_CONFIG_ADMIN_SERVER
  KADM5_CONFIG_DBNAME
  KADM5_CONFIG_DICT_FILE
  KADM5_CONFIG_ENCTYPE
  KADM5_CONFIG_ENCTYPES
  KADM5_CONFIG_EXPIRATION
  KADM5_CONFIG_FLAGS
  KADM5_CONFIG_KADMIND_PORT
  KADM5_CONFIG_MAX_LIFE
  KADM5_CONFIG_MAX_RLIFE
  KADM5_CONFIG_MKEY_FROM_KEYBOARD
  KADM5_CONFIG_MKEY_NAME
  KADM5_CONFIG_PROFILE
  KADM5_CONFIG_REALM
  KADM5_CONFIG_STASH_FILE
  KADM5_FAIL_AUTH_COUNT
  KADM5_HIST_PRINCIPAL
  KADM5_KEY_DATA
  KADM5_KVNO
  KADM5_LAST_FAILED
  KADM5_LAST_PWD_CHANGE
  KADM5_LAST_SUCCESS
  KADM5_MAX_LIFE
  KADM5_MAX_RLIFE
  KADM5_MKVNO
  KADM5_MOD_NAME
  KADM5_MOD_TIME
  KADM5_POLICY
  KADM5_POLICY_CLR
  KADM5_POLICY_NORMAL_MASK
  KADM5_PRINCIPAL
  KADM5_PRINCIPAL_NORMAL_MASK
  KADM5_PRINC_EXPIRE_TIME
  KADM5_PRIV_ADD
  KADM5_PRIV_ALL
  KADM5_PRIV_CPW
  KADM5_PRIV_DELETE
  KADM5_PRIV_GET
  KADM5_PRIV_LIST
  KADM5_PRIV_MODIFY
  KADM5_PW_EXPIRATION
  KADM5_PW_HISTORY_NUM
  KADM5_PW_MAX_LIFE
  KADM5_PW_MIN_CLASSES
  KADM5_PW_MIN_LENGTH
  KADM5_PW_MIN_LIFE
  KADM5_REF_COUNT
  KADM5_STRUCT_VERSION
  KADM5_TL_DATA
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_ALL_TIX
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_DUP_SKEY
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_FORWARDABLE
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_POSTDATED
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_PROXIABLE
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_RENEWABLE
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_SVR
  KRB5_KDB_DISALLOW_TGT_BASED
  KRB5_KDB_NEW_PRINC
  KRB5_KDB_PWCHANGE_SERVICE
  KRB5_KDB_REQUIRES_HW_AUTH
  KRB5_KDB_REQUIRES_PRE_AUTH
  KRB5_KDB_REQUIRES_PWCHANGE
  KRB5_KDB_SUPPORT_DESMD5
  USE_KADM5_API_VERSION

AUTHOR ^

Leif Johansson, leifj@it.su.se

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1).

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