Herbert Breunung > Perl6-Doc > Perl6::Overview::File

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NAME ^

Perl6::Overview::File - File and Filesystem operations Structure

DESCRIPTION ^

Files

    FH = open FILENAME, MODE
    # FH is the returned filehandle
    # FILENAME is, well the name of the file
    # MODE can be :r :w :a :rw
    # if MODE left out it defaults to :r
    
    my $fh = open "filename", :r orelse die "Could not open file $!";

    my $row = =$fh;                           # reading a line

    my @rows = =$fh;                          # reading all the lines

    my $content = slurp "filename";
                    # slurp the content of a file into a scalar variable

    close $fh;

Directories

    my $dh = opendir "dirname" orelse die "Could not open directory $!";

    my @files = readdir($dh);
    my @files = $dh.readdir;
    
    for $dh.readdir -> $entry {  # read them one-by-one
        say $entry;
    }

    closedir($dh);
    $dh.closedir;

    rewinddir($dh);               # start from the beginning
    $dh.rewinddir;

File and Directory tests

    "thing" ~~ :e                     # true if thing exists in the filesystem
    "thing" ~~ :d                     # true on directories
    "thing" ~~ :f                     # true on files
    "thing" ~~ :r                     # true on readable files/directories
    "thing" ~~ :w                     # true on writable files/directories
    "thing" ~~ :x                     # true on executable files/directories

    "file" ~~ :z                      # true if size is 0
    "file" ~~ :s                      # returns file size in bytes


    mkdir "dirname"
    rmdir "dirname"
    chdir "dirname"

    unlink
    chmod
    chown
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