Logan Bell > Dancer-Plugin-Swig-0.01 > Test::Resub



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Test::Resub - Lexically scoped monkey patching for testing



  use Test::More tests => 4;
  use Test::Resub qw(resub);

    package Somewhere;
    sub show {
      my ($class, $message) = @_;
      return "$class, $message";

  # sanity
  is( Somewhere->show('beyond the sea'), 'Somewhere, beyond the sea' );

  # scoped replacement of subroutine with argument capturing
    my $rs = resub 'Somewhere::show', sub { 'hi' };
    is( Somewhere->show('over the rainbow'), 'hi' );
    is_deeply( $rs->method_args, [['over the rainbow']] );

  # scope ends, resub goes away, original code returns
  is( Somewhere->show('waiting for me'), 'Somewhere, waiting for me' );


This module allows you to temporarily replace a subroutine/method with arbitrary code. Later, you can tell how many times was it called and with what arguments each time.

You may not actually need this module. Many times you'll be able to get away with something like this:

    no warnings 'redefine'
    local *Somewhere::show = sub { return 'kwaa' };

    is( Somewhere->show('me the money'), 'kwaa' );

This module is handy if you're replacing a subroutine with a function prototype, or for when you need to prove the inputs to the functions that you're calling.


    use Test::Resub qw(resub);
    my $rs = resub 'package::method', sub { ... }, %args;

is equivalent to:

    use Test::Resub;
    my $rs = Test::Resub->new(
      name => 'package::method',
      code => sub { ... },

%args can be any of the following named arguments:


The function/method which is to be replaced.


The code reference which will replace name. Defaults to sub {}


Boolean which indicates whether or not arguments should be captured. A warning is emitted if you try to look at args without specifying a "true" capture. Defaults to 0.


One of the following values (defaults to 'required'):


If the subroutine/method was never called when the Test::Resub object is destroyed, "not ok 1000" is printed to STDOUT.


If the subroutine/method was called when the Test::Resub object is destroyed, "not ok 1000" is printed to STDOUT.


It doesn't matter if the subroutine/method gets called. As a general rule, your tests should know whether or not a subroutine/method is going to get called, so avoid using this option if you can.


Boolean which indicates whether or not a function will be created if none exists. If the package can't resolve the method (i.e. ! UNIVERSAL::can($package, $method)), then an exception will be thrown unless 'create' is true. Defaults to false.

This is mainly useful to catch typos.


Whether or not to make a deep copy of saved-off arguments. Default is 0. Occassionally one wants deep copies, but there is an associated performance penalty, e.g. for large objects. Things like filehandles and sockets don't perform well with deep_copy, and can cause superfluous test failures. Enable this with caution.



Returns the number of times the replaced subroutine/method was called. The reset method clears this data.


Returns true if the replaced subroutine/method was never called. The reset method clears this data.


Returns the total number of times the replaced subroutine/method was called. This data is not cleared by the reset method.


Clears the called, not_called, and args data.


Returns data on how the replaced subroutine/method was invoked. Examples:

  Invocations:                             C<args> returns:
  ----------------------------             -------------------------
    (none)                                   []
    foo('a');                                [['a']]
    foo('a', 'b'); foo('d');                 [['a', 'b'], ['d']]

Like args, but each invocation's arguments are returned in a hashref. Examples:

  Invocations:                             C<named_args> returns:
  ----------------------------             -------------------------
   (none)                                   []
   foo(a => 'b');                           [{a => 'b'}]

   foo(a => 'b', c => 'd'); foo(e => 'f');
                                              a => 'b', c => 'd',
                                            }, {
                                              e => 'f',

The arg_start_index argument specifes that a certain number of arguments are to be discarded. For example:

  my $rs = resub 'some_sub';
  some_sub('one', 'two', a => 1, b => 2);
  $rs->named_args(arg_start_index => 1);
  # returns ['two', {a => 1, b => 2}]

  $rs->named_args(arg_start_index => 2);
  # returns [{a => 1, b => 2}]

The scalars argument specifies that a certain number of scalar arguments precede the key/value arguments. For example:

  my $rs = resub 'some_sub';
  some_sub(3306, a => 'b', c => 123);
  some_sub(9158, a => 'z', c => 456);
  $rs->named_args(scalars => 1);
  # returns [3306, {a => 'b', c => 123},
  #          9158, {a => 'z', c => 456}]

Note that named_args(scalars => N) will yield N scalars plus one hashref per call regardless of how many arguments were passed to the subroutine/method. For example:

  my $rs = Test::Resub->new({name => 'some_sub'});
  some_sub('one argument only');
  some_sub('many', 'arguments', a => 1, b => 2);
  $rs->named_args(scalars => 2);
  # returns ['one argument only', undef, {},
  #          'many', 'arguments', {a => 1, b => 2}]

Like args, but the first argument of each invocation is thrown away. This is used when you're resub'ing an object or class method and you're not interested in testing the object or class argument. Examples:

  Invocations:                             C<method_args> returns:
  ----------------------------             -------------------------
    (none)                                   []
    $obj->foo('a');                          [['a']]
    Class->foo('a', 'b'); Class->foo('d');   [['a', 'b'], ['d']]

Like named_args, but the first argument of each invocation is thrown away. This is used when you're resub'ing an object or class method and the arguments are name/value pairs. Examples:

  Invocations:                             C<named_args> returns:
  ----------------------------             -------------------------
   (none)                                   []
   $obj->foo(a => 'b');                     [{a => 'b'}]

   $obj->foo(a => 'b', c => 'd');           [{
   Class->foo(e => 'f');                      a => 'b', c => 'd',
                                            }, {
                                              e => 'f',

named_method_args also takes a "scalars" named argument which specifies a number of scalar arguments preceding the name/value pairs of each invocation. It works just like named_args except that the first argument of each invocation is automatically discarded. For example:

  my $rs = resub 'SomeClass::some_sub';
  SomeClass->some_sub(3306, a => 'b', c => 123);
  SomeClass->some_sub(9158, a => 'z', c => 456);
  $rs->named_method_args(scalars => 1);
  # returns [3306, {a => 'b', c => 123},
  #          9158, {a => 'z', c => 456}]

Note: the first argument is automatically discarded before the optional arg_start_index parameter is applied. That is,

  my $rs = resub 'SomeClass::some_sub';
  SomeClass->some_sub('first', b => 2);
  $rs->named_method_args(arg_start_index => 1);
  # returns [{b => 2}]


Written at AirWave Wireless for internal testing, 2001-2007. Tidied up and released to CPAN in 2007. AirWave was subsequently acquired by Aruba Networks in 2008. Aruba Networks transferred ownership, future development, and copyright of future development to Belden Lyman in early 2012. See the Changes file for changes.


The development team at AirWave Wireless, http://www.airwave.com/

Please do not submit bug reports to the Airwave Wireless team. Send them to the maintainer (below) or submit them at https://github.com/belden/test-resub/issues


Belden Lyman <belden@cpan.org>

The latest copy of this package can be checked out from GitHub at http://github.com/belden/test-resub


(c) 2001-2008 AirWave Wireless, Inc.
(c) 2008-2012 Aruba Wireless Networks, Inc.
(c) 2012- Belden Lyman

This module is free software; you can redistribute it or modify it under the terms of Perl itself.

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