Mark Ellis > Net-AMQP-RabbitMQ-0.005007 > Net::AMQP::RabbitMQ

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Module Version: 0.005007   Source  

NAME ^

Net::AMQP::RabbitMQ - interact with RabbitMQ over AMQP using librabbitmq

SYNOPSIS ^

        use Net::AMQP::RabbitMQ;
        my $mq = Net::AMQP::RabbitMQ->new();
        $mq->connect("localhost", { user => "guest", password => "guest" });
        $mq->channel_open(1);
        $mq->publish(1, "queuename", "Hi there!");
        $mq->disconnect();

VERSION COMPATIBILITY ^

This module was forked from Net::RabbitMQ version 0.2.6 which uses an older version of librabbitmq, and doesn't work correctly with newer versions of RabbitMQ. The main change between this module and the original is this library uses a newer, unforked, version of librabbitmq. Version 0.4.1 to be precise.

This means this module only works with the AMQP 0.9.1 protocol, so requires RabbitMQ version 2+. Also, since the version of librabbitmq used is not a custom fork, it means this module doesn't support the basic_return callback method.

DESCRIPTION ^

Net::AMQP::RabbitMQ is a fork of Net::RabbitMQ that uses a newer version of librabbitmq and fixes some bugs. It provides a simple wrapper around the librabbitmq library that allows connecting, declaring exchanges and queues, binding and unbinding queues, publishing, consuming and receiving events.

Error handling in this module is primarily achieve by Perl_croak (die). You should be making good use of eval around these methods to ensure that you appropriately catch the errors.

Methods

All methods, unless specifically stated, return nothing on success and die on failure.

new()

Creates a new Net::AMQP::RabbitMQ object.

connect( $hostname, $options )

$hostname is the host to which a connection will be attempted.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       user => $user,           #default 'guest'
       password => $password,   #default 'guest'
       port => $port,           #default 5672
       vhost => $vhost,         #default '/'
       channel_max => $cmax,    #default 0
       frame_max => $fmax,      #default 131072
       heartbeat => $hearbeat,  #default 0
       timeout => $seconds      #default undef (no timeout)
     }
disconnect()

Causes the connection to RabbitMQ to be torn down.

is_connected()

Returns true if a valid socket connection appears to exist, false otherwise.

channel_open($channel)

$channel is a positive integer describing the channel you which to open.

channel_close($channel)

$channel is a positive integer describing the channel you which to close.

get_channel_max()

Returns the maximum allowed channel number.

exchange_declare($channel, $exchange, $options)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$exchange is the name of the exchange to be instantiated.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       exchange_type => $type,  #default 'direct'
       passive => $boolean,     #default 0
       durable => $boolean,     #default 0
       auto_delete => $boolean, #default 1
     }
exchange_delete($channel, $exchange, $options)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$exchange is the name of the exchange to be deleted.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       if_unused => $boolean,   #default 1
       nowait => $boolean,      #default 0
     }
queue_declare($channel, $queuename, $options, $arguments)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$queuename is the name of the queuename to be instantiated. If $queuename is undef or an empty string, then an auto generated queuename will be used.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       passive => $boolean,     #default 0
       durable => $boolean,     #default 0
       exclusive => $boolean,   #default 0
       auto_delete => $boolean, #default 1
     }

$arguments is an optional hash which will be passed to the server when the queue is created. This can be used for creating mirrored queues by using the x-ha-policy header.

In scalar context, this method returns the queuename delcared (important for retrieving the autogenerated queuename in the event that one was requested).

In array context, this method returns three items: queuename, the number of message waiting on the queue, and the number of consumers bound to the queue.

queue_bind($channel, $queuename, $exchange, $routing_key, $arguments)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$queuename is a previously declared queue, $exchange is a previously declared exchange, and $routing_key is the routing key that will bind the specified queue to the specified exchange.

$arguments is an optional hash which will be passed to the server. When binding to an exchange of type headers, this can be used to only receive messages with the supplied header values.

queue_unbind($channel, $queuename, $exchange, $routing_key, $arguments)

This is like the queue_bind with respect to arguments. This command unbinds the queue from the exchange. The $routing_key and $arguments must match the values supplied when the binding was created.

If this fails, you must reopen the channel

queue_delete($channel, $queuename, $options)

Deletes the queue

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

    {
       if_unused    => $boolean,     #default 1
       if_empty     => $boolean,     #default 1
     }

If this fails, you must reopen the channel

publish($channel, $routing_key, $body, $options, $props)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$routing_key is the name of the routing key for this message.

$body is the payload to enqueue.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       exchange => $exchange,   #default 'amq.direct'
       mandatory => $boolean,   #default 0
       immediate => $boolean,   #default 0
     }

$props is an optional hash (the AMQP 'props') respecting the following keys: { content_type => $string, content_encoding => $string, correlation_id => $string, reply_to => $string, expiration => $string, message_id => $string, type => $string, user_id => $string, app_id => $string, delivery_mode => $integer, priority => $integer, timestamp => $integer, }

consume($channel, $queuename, $options)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$queuename is the name of the queue from which we'd like to consume.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       consumer_tag => $tag,    #absent by default
       no_local => $boolean,    #default 0
       no_ack => $boolean,      #default 1
       exclusive => $boolean,   #default 0
     }

The consumer_tag is returned. This command does not return AMQP frames, it simply notifies RabbitMQ that messages for this queue should be delivered down the specified channel.

recv()

This command receives and reconstructs AMQP frames and returns a hash containing the following information:

     {
       body => 'Magic Transient Payload', # the reconstructed body
       routing_key => 'nr_test_q',        # route the message took
       exchange => 'nr_test_x',           # exchange used
       delivery_tag => 1,                 # (used for acks)
       consumer_tag => 'c_tag',           # tag from consume()
       props => $props,                   # hashref sent in
     }

$props is the hash sent by publish() respecting the following keys: { content_type => $string, content_encoding => $string, correlation_id => $string, reply_to => $string, expiration => $string, message_id => $string, type => $string, user_id => $string, app_id => $string, delivery_mode => $integer, priority => $integer, timestamp => $integer, }

get($channel, $queuename, $options)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$queuename is the name of the queue from which we'd like to consume.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

This command runs an amqp_basic_get which returns undef immediately if no messages are available on the queue and returns a has as follows if a message is available.

     {
       body => 'Magic Transient Payload', # the reconstructed body
       routing_key => 'nr_test_q',        # route the message took
       exchange => 'nr_test_x',           # exchange used
       content_type => 'foo',             # (only if specified)
       delivery_tag => 1,                 # (used for acks)
       redelivered => 0,                  # if message is redelivered
       message_count => 0,                # message count
     }
ack($channel, $delivery_tag, $multiple = 0)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$delivery_tag the delivery tag seen from a returned frame from the recv method.

$multiple specifies if multiple are to be acknowledged at once.

purge($channel, $queuename)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$queuename is the queue to be purged.

reject($channel, $delivery_tag, $requeue = 0)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$delivery_tag the delivery tag seen from a returned frame from the recv method.

$requeue specifies if the message should be requeued.

tx_select($channel)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

Start a server-side (tx) transaction over $channel.

tx_commit($channel)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

Commit a server-side (tx) transaction over $channel.

tx_rollback($channel)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

Rollback a server-side (tx) transaction over $channel.

basic_qos($channel, $options)

$channel is a channel that has been opened with channel_open.

$options is an optional hash respecting the following keys:

     {
       prefetch_count => $cnt,  #default 0
       prefetch_size  => $size, #default 0
       global         => $bool, #default 0
     }

Set quality of service flags on the current $channel.

hearbeat()

Send a hearbeat frame. If you've connected with a heartbeat parameter, you must send a heartbeat periodically matching connection parameter or the server may snip the connection.

WARNING AND ERROR MESSAGES ^

Fatal Errors

It should be noted that almost all errors in this library are considered fatal, insomuch as they trigger a croak(). In these errors, if it appears that somehow the connection has been closed by the remote host, or otherwise invalidated, the socket will also be closed and should be re-opened before any additional calls are made.

ORIGINAL AUTHOR ^

Theo Schlossnagle <jesus@omniti.com>

MAINTAINER ^

Mark Ellis <markellis@cpan.org>, Michael "manchicken" Stemle, Jr. <themanchicken@gmail.com>

LICENSE ^

This software is licensed under the Mozilla Public License. See the LICENSE file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.

librabbitmq is licensed under the MIT License. See the LICENSE-MIT file in the top distribution directory for the full license text.

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