Mark Overmeer > Mail-Box-2.106 > Mail::Box::Parser

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Module Version: 2.106   Source   Latest Release: Mail-Box-2.115

NAME ^

Mail::Box::Parser - reading and writing messages

INHERITANCE ^

 Mail::Box::Parser
   is a Mail::Reporter

 Mail::Box::Parser is extended by
   Mail::Box::Parser::Perl

SYNOPSIS ^

 # Not instatiatiated itself

DESCRIPTION ^

The Mail::Box::Parser manages the parsing of folders. Usually, you won't need to know anything about this module, except the options which are involved with this code.

There are two implementations of this module planned:

METHODS ^

Constructors

Mail::Box::Parser->new(OPTIONS)

Create a parser object which can handle one file. For mbox-like mailboxes, this object can be used to read a whole folder. In case of MH-like mailboxes, each message is contained in a single file, so each message has its own parser object.

 -Option  --Defined in     --Default
  file                       undef
  filename                   <required>
  log       Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
  mode                       'r'
  trace     Mail::Reporter   'WARNINGS'
file => FILE-HANDLE

Any IO::File or GLOB which can be used to read the data from. In case this option is specified, the filename is informational only.

filename => FILENAME

The name of the file to be read.

log => LEVEL
mode => OPENMODE

File-open mode, which defaults to 'r', which means `read-only'. See perldoc -f open for possible modes. Only applicable when no file is specified.

trace => LEVEL

The parser

$obj->fileChanged()

Returns whether the file which is parsed has changed after the last time takeFileInfo() was called.

$obj->filename()

Returns the name of the file this parser is working on.

$obj->restart()

Restart the parser on a certain file, usually because the content has changed.

$obj->start(OPTIONS)

Start the parser by opening a file.

 -Option--Default
  file    undef
file => FILEHANDLE|undef

The file is already open, for instance because the data must be read from STDIN.

$obj->stop()

Stop the parser, which will include a close of the file. The lock on the folder will not be removed (is not the responsibility of the parser).

Parsing

$obj->bodyAsFile(FILEHANDLE [,CHARS [,LINES]])

Try to read one message-body from the file, and immediately write it to the specified file-handle. Optionally, the predicted number of CHARacterS and/or LINES to be read can be supplied. These values may be undef and may be wrong.

The return is a list of three scalars: the location of the body (begin and end) and the number of lines in the body.

$obj->bodyAsList([,CHARS [,LINES]])

Try to read one message-body from the file. Optionally, the predicted number of CHARacterS and/or LINES to be read can be supplied. These values may be undef and may be wrong.

The return is a list of scalars, each containing one line (including line terminator), preceded by two integers representing the location in the file where this body started and ended.

$obj->bodyAsString([,CHARS [,LINES]])

Try to read one message-body from the file. Optionally, the predicted number of CHARacterS and/or LINES to be read can be supplied. These values may be undef and may be wrong.

The return is a list of three scalars, the location in the file where the body starts, where the body ends, and the string containing the whole body.

$obj->bodyDelayed([,CHARS [,LINES]])

Try to read one message-body from the file, but the data is skipped. Optionally, the predicted number of CHARacterS and/or LINES to be skipped can be supplied. These values may be undef and may be wrong.

The return is a list of four scalars: the location of the body (begin and end), the size of the body, and the number of lines in the body. The number of lines may be undef.

$obj->filePosition([POSITION])

Returns the location of the next byte to be used in the file which is parsed. When a POSITION is specified, the location in the file is moved to the indicated spot first.

$obj->lineSeparator()

Returns the character or characters which are used to separate lines in the folder file. This is based on the first line of the file. UNIX systems use a single LF to separate lines. Windows uses a CR and a LF. Mac uses CR.

$obj->popSeparator()

Remove the last-pushed separator from the list which is maintained by the parser. This will return undef when there is none left.

$obj->pushSeparator(STRING|REGEXP)

Add a boundary line. Separators tell the parser where to stop reading. A famous separator is the From-line, which is used in Mbox-like folders to separate messages. But also parts (attachments) is a message are divided by separators.

The specified STRING describes the start of the separator-line. The REGEXP can specify a more complicated format.

$obj->readHeader()

Read the whole message-header and return it as list of field-value pairs. Mind that some fields will appear more than once.

The first element will represent the position in the file where the header starts. The follows the list of header field names and bodies.

example:

 my ($where, @header) = $parser->readHeader;
$obj->readSeparator(OPTIONS)

Read the currently active separator (the last one which was pushed). The line (or undef) is returned. Blank-lines before the separator lines are ignored.

The return are two scalars, where the first gives the location of the separator in the file, and the second the line which is found as separator. A new separator is activated using pushSeparator().

Internals

$obj->closeFile()

Close the file which was being parsed.

$obj->defaultParserType([CLASS])
Mail::Box::Parser->defaultParserType([CLASS])

Returns the parser to be used to parse all subsequent messages, possibly first setting the parser using the optional argument. Usually, the parser is autodetected; the C-based parser will be used when it can be, and the Perl-based parser will be used otherwise.

The CLASS argument allows you to specify a package name to force a particular parser to be used (such as your own custom parser). You have to use or require the package yourself before calling this method with an argument. The parser must be a sub-class of Mail::Box::Parser.

$obj->openFile(ARGS)

Open the file to be parsed. ARGS is a ref-hash of options.

 -Option  --Default
  filename  <required>
  mode      <required>
filename => FILENAME
mode => STRING
$obj->takeFileInfo()

Capture some data about the file being parsed, to be compared later.

Error handling

$obj->AUTOLOAD()

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->addReport(OBJECT)

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])
Mail::Box::Parser->defaultTrace([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->errors()

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])
Mail::Box::Parser->log([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->logPriority(LEVEL)
Mail::Box::Parser->logPriority(LEVEL)

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->logSettings()

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->notImplemented()

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->report([LEVEL])

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->reportAll([LEVEL])

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->trace([LEVEL])

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->warnings()

See "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

Cleanup

$obj->DESTROY()

See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->inGlobalDestruction()

See "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

DIAGNOSTICS ^

Warning: File $filename changed during access.

When a message parser starts working, it takes size and modification time of the file at hand. If the folder is written, it checks wether there were changes in the file made by external programs.

Calling Mail::Box::update() on a folder before it being closed will read these new messages. But the real source of this problem is locking: some external program (for instance the mail transfer agent, like sendmail) uses a different locking mechanism as you do and therefore violates your rights.

Error: Filename or handle required to create a parser.

A message parser needs to know the source of the message at creation. These sources can be a filename (string), file handle object or GLOB. See new(filename) and new(file).

Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does not implement this method where it should. This message means that some other related classes do implement this method however the class at hand does not. Probably you should investigate this and probably inform the author of the package.

SEE ALSO ^

This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.106, built on August 15, 2012. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE ^

Copyrights 2001-2012 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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