Mark Overmeer > Mail-Box-2.112 > Mail::Message::Field::Addresses

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Module Version: 2.112   Source   Latest Release: Mail-Box-2.115

NAME ^

Mail::Message::Field::Addresses - Fields with e-mail addresses

INHERITANCE ^

 Mail::Message::Field::Addresses
   is a Mail::Message::Field::Structured
   is a Mail::Message::Field::Full
   is a Mail::Message::Field
   is a Mail::Reporter

SYNOPSIS ^

  my $cc = Mail::Message::Field::Full->new('Cc');
  my $me = Mail::Message::Field::Address->parse('"Test" <test@mail.box>')
     or die;

  my $other = Mail::Message::Field::Address->new(phrase => 'Other'
     , address => 'other@example.com')
     or die;

  $cc->addAddress($me);
  $cc->addAddress($other, group => 'them');
  $cc->addAddress(phrase => 'third', address => 'more@any.museum'
    , group => 'them');

  my $group = $cc->addGroup(name => 'collegues');
  $group->addAddress($me);
  $group->addAddress(phrase => "You", address => 'you@example.com');

  my $msg = Mail::Message->build(Cc => $cc);
  print $msg->string;

  my $g  = Mail::Message::Field::AddrGroup->new(...);
  $cc->addGroup($g);

DESCRIPTION ^

All header fields which contain e-mail addresses only. Not all address fields have the same possibilities, but they are all parsed the same: you never know how broken the applications are which produce those messages.

When you try to create constructs which are not allowed for a certain kind of field, you will be warned.

Extends "DESCRIPTION" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

OVERLOADED ^

Extends "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

overload: ""

Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

overload: 0+

Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

overload: <=>

Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

overload: bool

Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

overload: cmp

Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field

overload: stringification

Inherited, see "OVERLOADED" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

METHODS ^

Extends "METHODS" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

Constructors

Extends "Constructors" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->clone()

Inherited, see "Constructors" in Mail::Message::Field

Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->from($field, %options)

Inherited, see "Constructors" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->new()
 -Option    --Defined in                      --Default
  attributes  Mail::Message::Field::Structured  <ignored>
  charset     Mail::Message::Field::Full        undef
  datum       Mail::Message::Field::Structured  undef
  encoding    Mail::Message::Field::Full        'q'
  force       Mail::Message::Field::Full        false
  language    Mail::Message::Field::Full        undef
  log         Mail::Reporter                    'WARNINGS'
  trace       Mail::Reporter                    'WARNINGS'
attributes => ATTRS
charset => STRING
datum => STRING
encoding => 'q'|'Q'|'b'|'B'
force => BOOLEAN
language => STRING
log => LEVEL
trace => LEVEL

The field

Extends "The field" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->isStructured()
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->isStructured()

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->length()

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->nrLines()

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->print( [$fh] )

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->size()

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->string( [$wrap] )

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->toDisclose()

Inherited, see "The field" in Mail::Message::Field

Access to the name

Extends "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->Name()

Inherited, see "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->name()

Inherited, see "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->wellformedName( [STRING] )

Inherited, see "Access to the name" in Mail::Message::Field

Access to the body

Extends "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->body()

Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->decodedBody(%options)

Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->folded()

Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->foldedBody( [$body] )

Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->stripCFWS( [STRING] )
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->stripCFWS( [STRING] )

Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->unfoldedBody( [$body, [$wrap]] )

Inherited, see "Access to the body" in Mail::Message::Field

Access to the content

Extends "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->addAddress( [$address], %options )

Add an $address to the field. The addresses are organized in groups. If no group is specified, the default group is taken to store the address in. If no $address is specified, the option must be sufficient to create a Mail::Message::Field::Address from. See the %options of Mail::Message::Field::Address::new().

 -Option--Default
  group   ''
group => STRING
$obj->addAttribute(...)

Attributes are not supported for address fields.

$obj->addGroup($group|%options)

Add a group of addresses to this field. A $group can be specified, which is a Mail::Message::Field::AddrGroup object, or one is created for you using the %options. The group is returned.

 -Option--Default
  name    ''
name => STRING
$obj->addresses()

Returns a list with all addresses defined in any group of addresses: all addresses which are specified on the line. The addresses are Mail::Message::Field::Address objects.

example:

 my @addr = $field->addresses;
$obj->attrPairs()

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured

$obj->attribute( $object|<STRING, %options>|<$name,$value,%options> )

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured

$obj->attributes()

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured

$obj->beautify()

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->comment( [STRING] )

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->createComment(STRING, %options)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->createComment(STRING, %options)

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->createPhrase(STRING, %options)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->createPhrase(STRING, %options)

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->group($name)

Returns the group of addresses with the specified $name, or undef if it does not exist. If $name is undef, then the default groep is returned.

$obj->groupNames()

Returns a list with all group names which are defined.

$obj->groups()

Returns all address groups which are defined in this field. Each element is a Mail::Message::Field::AddrGroup object.

$obj->study()

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->toDate( [$time] )
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->toDate( [$time] )

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->toInt()

Inherited, see "Access to the content" in Mail::Message::Field

Other methods

Extends "Other methods" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->dateToTimestamp(STRING)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->dateToTimestamp(STRING)

Inherited, see "Other methods" in Mail::Message::Field

Internals

Extends "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->consume( $line | <$name,<$body|$objects>> )

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->decode(STRING, %options)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->decode(STRING, %options)

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->defaultWrapLength( [$length] )

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->encode(STRING, %options)

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->fold( $name, $body, [$maxchars] )
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->fold( $name, $body, [$maxchars] )

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->setWrapLength( [$length] )

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->stringifyData(STRING|ARRAY|$objects)

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

$obj->unfold(STRING)

Inherited, see "Internals" in Mail::Message::Field

Parsing

Extends "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->consumeAddress(STRING, %options)

Try to destilate address information from the STRING. Returned are an address object and the left-over string. If no address was found, the first returned value is undef.

$obj->consumeComment(STRING)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->consumeComment(STRING)

Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->consumeDomain(STRING)

Try to get a valid domain representation from STRING. Returned are the domain string as found (or undef) and the rest of the string.

$obj->consumeDotAtom(STRING)

Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->consumePhrase(STRING)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->consumePhrase(STRING)

Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->datum( [$value] )

Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured

$obj->parse(STRING)

Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

$obj->produceBody()

Inherited, see "Parsing" in Mail::Message::Field::Full

Error handling

Extends "Error handling" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->AUTOLOAD()

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->addReport($object)

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->defaultTrace( [$level]|[$loglevel, $tracelevel]|[$level, $callback] )
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->defaultTrace( [$level]|[$loglevel, $tracelevel]|[$level, $callback] )

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->errors()

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->log( [$level, [$strings]] )
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->log( [$level, [$strings]] )

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->logPriority($level)
Mail::Message::Field::Addresses->logPriority($level)

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->logSettings()

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->notImplemented()

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->report( [$level] )

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->reportAll( [$level] )

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->trace( [$level] )

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

$obj->warnings()

Inherited, see "Error handling" in Mail::Reporter

Cleanup

Extends "Cleanup" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

$obj->DESTROY()

Inherited, see "Cleanup" in Mail::Reporter

DETAILS ^

Extends "DETAILS" in Mail::Message::Field::Structured.

DIAGNOSTICS ^

Warning: Field content is not numerical: $content

The numeric value of a field is requested (for instance the Lines or Content-Length fields should be numerical), however the data contains weird characters.

Warning: Illegal character in charset '$charset'

The field is created with an utf8 string which only contains data from the specified character set. However, that character set can never be a valid name because it contains characters which are not permitted.

Warning: Illegal character in field name $name

A new field is being created which does contain characters not permitted by the RFCs. Using this field in messages may break other e-mail clients or transfer agents, and therefore mutulate or extinguish your message.

Warning: Illegal character in language '$lang'

The field is created with data which is specified to be in a certain language, however, the name of the language cannot be valid: it contains characters which are not permitted by the RFCs.

Warning: Illegal encoding '$encoding', used 'q'

The RFCs only permit base64 (b or B ) or quoted-printable (q or Q) encoding. Other than these four options are illegal.

Error: No attributes for address fields.

Is is not possible to add attributes to address fields: it is not permitted by the RFCs.

Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does not implement this method where it should. This message means that some other related classes do implement this method however the class at hand does not. Probably you should investigate this and probably inform the author of the package.

SEE ALSO ^

This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.112, built on March 14, 2014. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE ^

Copyrights 2001-2014 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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