Martin Atkins > DJabberd-0.85 > DJabberd::Agent

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NAME ^

DJabberd::Agent - Abstract base class representing a software agent that talks XMPP

SYNOPSIS ^

New agents are created by making a sub-class of this class. set_config_... methods can be provided to add configuration options, which will then be supported both on this class's constructor and in a configuration file when adding your agent to a VHost as a delivery plugin.

    package MyAgent;
    
    use base qw(DJabberd::Agent);
    
    sub handles_destination {
        my ($self, $to_jid, $vhost) = @_;
        
        return ($to_jid->domain eq 'example.com' && $to_jid->node eq 'blah') ? 1 : 0;
    }
    
    sub handle_message {
        my ($self, $vhost, $stanza) = @_;
        my $response = $stanza->make_response();
        my $message = $self->{message} || "Hello, world!";
        $response->set_raw("<body>".DJabberd::Util::exml($message)."</body>");
        $response->deliver($vhost);
    }
    
    sub set_config_message {
        my ($self, $message) = @_;
        $self->{message} = $message;
    }

The following example shows how you might load the above agent class as a plugin:

    <Plugin MyAgent>
        Message Kumquats are groovy!
    </Plugin>

It is also possible to use an instance directly as an object, to delegate stanza handling from another delivery plugin:

    my $agent = MyAgent->new(
        message => "Kumquats are groovy!",
    );
    $agent->handle_stanza($vhost, $stanza);

In this case, the caller will need to handle the delivery hook callbacks itself in an appropriate manner, but it can be assumed that a call to handle_stanza will always "deliver" the stanza in some sense.

DESCRIPTION ^

This module is the basis for several other higher-level DJabberd classes which provide an API for creating software agents that communicate over XMPP. This includes components which serve an entire domain (see DJabberd::Component) and bot-like nodes which respond only to a specific node name in a domain (see DJabberd::Agent::Node).

It is unlikely that other classes will inherit from this class directly. Most users should inherit from one of the higher-level subclasses depending on what sort of agent they wish to create. This class provides the basic machinery for handling stanzas which all agents can use.

API ^

The API of this class is normally used by overriding certain methods in a subclass. In many cases it is useful for these overriding methods to call into the base class versions to get certain useful default functionality.

The handles_destination method is the most important methods for inheritors to override, since incoming stanzas will only be delivered to your class if this method returns true the given destination JID.

It is assumed that if a true value is returned from this method you will handle the incoming stanza in one way or another; this implies that in most cases you should reply with some sort of error message if the stanza is unnacceptable in some way.

The more specialized abstract subclasses of this class will generally implement handles_destination in a way that is appropriate for their role, so users of these subclasses will not need to override this method.

handle_stanza($self, $vhost, $stanza)

This method is the "entry point" of this class, and is called when a stanza is received which this agent expressed a desire to handle. The default implementation dispatches to one of the higher-level handle_... methods depending on the type of stanza that has been recieved. At present, only IQ, Message and Presence stanzas are supported.

Inheritors can override this method to do low-level stanza processing, but unless the version from this class is invoked the higher-level processing methods will cease to operate.

Callers that are using an agent instance as an object directly rather than having it attached to a VHost as a plugin will generally call this method directly to delegate stanza processing. In this case, it is the caller's responsibility to ensure that the stanza is suitable for this agent; for example, the caller could make a call to handles_destination to determine if the stanza's destination JID is suitable.

handles_destination($self, $to_jid, $vhost)

When an incoming stanza is potentially to be delivered to your instance, this method will be called to find out if your agent is responsible for the destination JID.

This method is primarily used in the case where the agent is added directly to a VHost as a plugin. If a true value is returned, the server will assume that your agent will handle the stanza and will call handle_stanza. If a false value is returned, the server will continue to look for another appropriate delivery plugin to accept the stanza.

handle_message($self, $vhost, $stanza)

When the default implementation of handle_stanza is used, this method will be called to handle incoming "message" stanzas. The $stanza object passed in will be an instance of DJabberd::Message.

The default implementation of this method does nothing.

handle_presence($self, $vhost, $stanza)

When the default implementation of handle_stanza is used, this method will be called to handle incoming "presence" stanzas. The $stanza object passed in will be an instance of DJabberd::Presence.

The default implementation of this method does nothing.

handle_iq($self, $vhost, $stanza)

When the default implementation of handle_stanza is used, this method will be called to handle incoming "iq" stanzas. The $stanza object passed in will be an instance of DJabberd::IQ.

The default implementation of this method provides built-in support for basic service discovery and vcard queries, and also causes any registered IQ handlers to be called when appropriate.

In most cases, it's better not to override this method completely but instead to register an IQ handler for the particular IQ signature you are interested in using register_iq_handler.

$self->register_iq_handler($signature, $handler)

This method, unlike most methods of this class, is not intended to be overridden by subclasses. Instead, subclasses should call this method to register a handler for a particular type of IQ stanza. The default implementation of handle_iq will then call the registered handlers when an appropriate stanza is received.

$signature is a string containing the IQ signature using DJabberd's standard IQ signature format. This consists of the IQ type (get, set, etc) followed by a dash, then the IQ element namespace in braces followed by the element name. For example, the signature for a vCard get request is "{vcard-temp}vCard".

$handler is expected to be a CODE reference which accepts as arguments ($vhost, $stanza)>, where $stanza will be an instance of DJabberd::IQ.

If a handler is supplied for a signature for which this class has built-in support, the supplied handler will replace the built-in handler.

vcard($self, $requester_jid)

Called by this class's built-in vCard implementation to get the contents of the vCard of this agent. Subclasses should override this and return a string containing the XML representing the body of the vcard to be returned, without the vCard container element.

The default implementation simply returns an empty vCard. This is preferable to not returning a response at all, because some clients do sub-optimal things which a vCard requests fails.

features($self, $requester_jid)

Called by this class's built-in Service Discovery implementation to get a list of "features" supported by this agent. Subclasses should override this and return an ARRAY ref containing a list of strings containing feature URIs.

The default implementation returns the correct feature URIs to indicate support for vCards and Service Discovery. It is suggested that overriding methods initially call into the parent class to obtain the default list and then append their own features to the list as appropriate.

identities($self, $requester_jid)

Called by this class's built-in Service Discovery implementation to get a list of "identities" exposed by this agent. Subclasses should override this and return an ARRAY ref containing a list of ARRAY refs of the form [$category,$type,$name], where these values correspond to the attributes of the same name in the Service Discovery specification (XEP-0030).

For example, it may be appropriate for an agent providing a multi-user conference room to return the identity ["conference","text","General Discussion"].

The default implementation currently returns an empty list. It is suggested that overriding methods initially call into the parent class to obtain the default list and then append their own features to the list as appropriate. Although the list returned by this class is currently empty, the higher-level abstract subclasses may add their own identities to this list.

child_services($self, $requester_jid)

Called by this class's built-in Service Discovery implementation to get a list of child services referenced by this agent. Subclasses should override this and return an ARRAY ref containing a list of ARRAY refs of the form [$jid,$name], where these values correspond to the attributes of the same name in the Service Discovery specification (XEP-0030).

The default implementation currently returns an empty list. It is suggested that overriding methods initially call into the parent class to obtain the default list and then append their own features to the list as appropriate. Although the list returned by this class is currently empty, the higher-level abstract subclasses may add their own child services to this list.

SEE ALSO ^

See also DJabberd::Component, DJabberd::Agent::Node.

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright 2007-2008 Martin Atkins

This module is part of the DJabberd distribution and is covered by the distribution's overall licence.

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