Yasuhiro Matsumoto > Devel-CheckLib-1.02 > Devel::CheckLib

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NAME ^

Devel::CheckLib - check that a library is available

DESCRIPTION ^

Devel::CheckLib is a perl module that checks whether a particular C library and its headers are available.

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Devel::CheckLib;

    check_lib_or_exit( lib => 'jpeg', header => 'jpeglib.h' );
    check_lib_or_exit( lib => [ 'iconv', 'jpeg' ] );
  
    # or prompt for path to library and then do this:
    check_lib_or_exit( lib => 'jpeg', libpath => $additional_path );

USING IT IN Makefile.PL or Build.PL ^

If you want to use this from Makefile.PL or Build.PL, do not simply copy the module into your distribution as this may cause problems when PAUSE and search.cpan.org index the distro. Instead, use the use-devel-checklib script.

HOW IT WORKS ^

You pass named parameters to a function, describing to it how to build and link to the libraries.

It works by trying to compile some code - which defaults to this:

    int main(void) { return 0; }

and linking it to the specified libraries. If something pops out the end which looks executable, it gets executed, and if main() returns 0 we know that it worked. That tiny program is built once for each library that you specify, and (without linking) once for each header file.

If you want to check for the presence of particular functions in a library, or even that those functions return particular results, then you can pass your own function body for main() thus:

    check_lib_or_exit(
        function => 'foo();if(libversion() > 5) return 0; else return 1;'
        incpath  => ...
        libpath  => ...
        lib      => ...
        header   => ...
    );

In that case, it will fail to build if either foo() or libversion() don't exist, and main() will return the wrong value if libversion()'s return value isn't what you want.

FUNCTIONS ^

All of these take the same named parameters and are exported by default. To avoid exporting them, use Devel::CheckLib ().

assert_lib

This takes several named parameters, all of which are optional, and dies with an error message if any of the libraries listed can not be found. Note: dying in a Makefile.PL or Build.PL may provoke a 'FAIL' report from CPAN Testers' automated smoke testers. Use check_lib_or_exit instead.

The named parameters are:

lib

Must be either a string with the name of a single library or a reference to an array of strings of library names. Depending on the compiler found, library names will be fed to the compiler either as -l arguments or as .lib file names. (E.g. -ljpeg or jpeg.lib)

libpath

a string or an array of strings representing additional paths to search for libraries.

LIBS

a ExtUtils::MakeMaker-style space-separated list of libraries (each preceded by '-l') and directories (preceded by '-L').

This can also be supplied on the command-line.

debug

If true - emit information during processing that can be used for debugging.

And libraries are no use without header files, so ...

header

Must be either a string with the name of a single header file or a reference to an array of strings of header file names.

incpath

a string or an array of strings representing additional paths to search for headers.

INC

a ExtUtils::MakeMaker-style space-separated list of incpaths, each preceded by '-I'.

This can also be supplied on the command-line.

check_lib_or_exit

This behaves exactly the same as assert_lib() except that instead of dieing, it warns (with exactly the same error message) and exits. This is intended for use in Makefile.PL / Build.PL when you might want to prompt the user for various paths and things before checking that what they've told you is sane.

If any library or header is missing, it exits with an exit value of 0 to avoid causing a CPAN Testers 'FAIL' report. CPAN Testers should ignore this result -- which is what you want if an external library dependency is not available.

check_lib

This behaves exactly the same as assert_lib() except that it is silent, returning false instead of dieing, or true otherwise.

PLATFORMS SUPPORTED ^

You must have a C compiler installed. We check for $Config{cc}, both literally as it is in Config.pm and also in the $PATH.

It has been tested with varying degrees of rigorousness on:

gcc (on Linux, *BSD, Mac OS X, Solaris, Cygwin)
Sun's compiler tools on Solaris
IBM's tools on AIX
SGI's tools on Irix 6.5
Microsoft's tools on Windows
MinGW on Windows (with Strawberry Perl)
Borland's tools on Windows
QNX

WARNINGS, BUGS and FEEDBACK ^

This is a very early release intended primarily for feedback from people who have discussed it. The interface may change and it has not been adequately tested.

Feedback is most welcome, including constructive criticism. Bug reports should be made using http://rt.cpan.org/ or by email.

When submitting a bug report, please include the output from running:

    perl -V
    perl -MDevel::CheckLib -e0

SEE ALSO ^

Devel::CheckOS

Probe::Perl

AUTHORS ^

David Cantrell <david@cantrell.org.uk>

David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>

Yasuhiro Matsumoto <mattn@cpan.org>

Thanks to the cpan-testers-discuss mailing list for prompting us to write it in the first place;

to Chris Williams for help with Borland support;

to Tony Cook for help with Microsoft compiler command-line options

COPYRIGHT and LICENCE ^

Copyright 2007 David Cantrell. Portions copyright 2007 David Golden.

This module is free-as-in-speech software, and may be used, distributed, and modified under the same conditions as perl itself.

CONSPIRACY ^

This module is also free-as-in-mason software.

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