Lukas Mai > Dispatch-Class-0.01 > Dispatch::Class

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Module Version: 0.01   Source   Latest Release: Dispatch-Class-0.02

NAME ^

Dispatch::Class - dispatch on the type (class) of an argument

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Dispatch::Class qw(
    class_case
    dispatch
  );
  
  # analyze the class of an object
  my $analyze = class_case(
    'Some::Class'  => 1,
    'Other::Class' => 2,
    'UNIVERSAL'    => "???",
  );
  my $foo = $analyze->(Other::Class->new);  # 2
  my $bar = $analyze->(IO::Handle->new);    # "???"
  my $baz = $analyze->(["not an object"]);  # undef

  # build a dispatcher
  my $dispatch = dispatch(
    'Dog::Tiny' => sub { ... },  # handle objects of the class Dog::Tiny
    'Dog'       => sub { ... },
    'Mammal'    => sub { ... },
    'Tree'      => sub { ... },
  
    'ARRAY'     => sub { ... },  # handle array refs
  
    ':str'      => sub { ... },  # handle non-reference strings
  
    '*'         => sub { ... },  # handle any value
  );
  
  # call the appropriate handler, passing $obj as an argument
  my $result = $dispatch->($obj);

DESCRIPTION ^

This module offers a (mostly) simple way to check the class of an object and handle specific cases specially.

Functions

The following functions are available and can be imported on request:

class_case

class_case takes a list of KEY, VALUE pairs and returns a code reference that (when called on an object) will analyze the object's class according to the rules described below and return the corresponding VALUE of the first matching KEY.

Example:

  my $subref = class_case(
    KEY1 => VALUE1,
    KEY2 => VALUE2,
    ...
  );
  my $value = $subref->($some_object);

This will check the class of $some_object against KEY1, KEY2, ... in order and return the corresponding VALUEn of the first match. If no key matches, an empty list/undef is returned in list/scalar context, respectively.

The following things can be used as keys:

*

This will match any value. No actual check is performed.

:str

This special key will match any non-reference.

SCALAR, ARRAY, HASH, ...

These values match references of the specified type even if they aren't objects (i.e. not blessed). That is, for unblessed references the string returned by ref is compared with eq.

CLASS

Any other string is interpreted as a class name and matches if the input value is an object for which $obj->isa($CLASS) is true. To match any kind of object (blessed value), use the key 'UNIVERSAL'.

Starting with Perl 5.10.0 Perl supports checking for roles with DOES, so Dispatch::Class actually uses $obj->DOES($CLASS) instead of isa. This still returns true for normal base classes but it also accepts roles that have been composed into the object's class.

dispatch

This works like class_case above, but the VALUEs must be code references and get invoked automatically:

  sub dispatch {
    my $analyze = class_case @_;
    sub {
      my ($obj) = @_;
      my $handler = $analyze->($obj) or return;
      $handler->($obj)
    }
  }

That is, the matching object is passed on to the matched VALUEs and the return value of the inner sub is whatever the handler returns (or the empty list/undef if no KEY matches).

This module uses Sub::Exporter, so you can rename the imported functions at use time.

SEE ALSO ^

Sub::Exporter

AUTHOR ^

Lukas Mai, <l.mai at web.de>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE ^

Copyright 2013 Lukas Mai.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.

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