Mike McCauley > Device-BCM2835-1.4 > Device::BCM2835

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Module Version: 1.4   Source   Latest Release: Device-BCM2835-1.9

NAME ^

Device::BCM2835 - Perl extension for accesing GPIO pins on a Raspberry Pi via the BCM 2835 GPIO

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Device::BCM2835;
  # Library managment
  Device::BCM2835::set_debug(1);
  Device::BCM2835::init();

  # Low level register access
  Device::BCM2835::peri_read(&Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_BASE + &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPFSEL1);
  Device::BCM2835::peri_write(&Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_BASE + &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPFSEL2, 0xdeadbeef)
  Device::BCM2835::peri_set_bits(&Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_BASE + &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPFSEL3, 0xdeadbeef, 0x1f);

  # GPIO register access
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_fsel(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 
    &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_OUTP);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_set(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_clr(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_lev(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_eds(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_eds(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_ren(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_fen(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_hen(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_len(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_aren(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_afen(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_pud(&Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_OFF);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_pudclk(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 1);
  my $pad = Device::BCM2835::gpio_pad(&Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_0_27);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pad(&Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_0_27, 
     &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_PAD_HYSTERESIS_ENABLED | &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_10mA);

  # High level and convenience functions
  Device::BCM2835::delay(10);
  Device::BCM2835::delayMicroseconds(10);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_write(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 1);
  Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pud(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 
     &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_UP);

DESCRIPTION ^

Provides access to GPIO and other IO functions on the Broadcom BCM 2835 chip as used on Raspberry Pi (RPi) http://www.raspberrypi.org

Allows access to the GPIO pins on the 26 pin IDE plug on the RPi board so you can control and interface with various external devices. It provides functions for reading digital inputs and setting digital outputs. Pin event detection is supported by polling (interrupts not supported).

Building this module requires the bcm2835 library to be installed. You can get the latest version from http://www.open.com.au/mikem/bcm2835/

my $ret = Device::BCM2835::init();

Initialise the library by opening /dev/mem and getting pointers to the internal memory for BCM 2835 device registers. You must call this (successfully) before calling any other functions in this library (except Device::BCM2835::set_debug). If Device::BCM2835::init() fails by returning 0, calling any other function may result in crashes or other failures. Prints messages to stderr in case of errors. return 1 if successful else 0

Device::BCM2835::set_debug($debug);

Sets the debug level of the library. A value of 1 prevents mapping to /dev/mem, and makes the library print out what it would do, rather than accessing the GPIO registers. A value of 0, the default, causes nomal operation. Call this before calling Device::BCM2835::init(); debug The new debug level. 1 means debug

my $value = Device::BCM2835::peri_read($paddr);

Reads 32 bit value from a peripheral address The read is done twice, and is therefore always safe in terms of manual section 1.3 Peripheral access precautions for correct memory ordering paddr Physical address to read from. See BCM2835_GPIO_BASE etc. return the value read from the 32 bit register

Device::BCM2835::peri_write($paddr, $value);

Writes 32 bit value from a peripheral address The write is done twice, and is therefore always safe in terms of manual section 1.3 Peripheral access precautions for correct memory ordering paddr Physical address to read from. See BCM2835_GPIO_BASE etc. value The 32 bit value to write

Device::BCM2835::peri_set_bits($paddr, $value, $mask);

Alters a number of bits in a 32 peripheral regsiter. It reads the current valu and then alters the bits deines as 1 in mask, according to the bit value in value. All other bits that are 0 in the mask are unaffected. Use this to alter a subset of the bits in a register. The write is done twice, and is therefore always safe in terms of manual section 1.3 Peripheral access precautions for correct memory ordering paddr Physical address to read from. See BCM2835_GPIO_BASE etc. value The 32 bit value to write, masked in by mask. mask Bitmask that defines the bits that will be altered in the register.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_fsel($pin, $mode);

Sets the Function Select register for the given pin, which configures the pin as Input, Output or one of the 6 alternate functions. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from RPiGPIOPin. mode Mode to set the pin to, one of BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_* from \ref bcm2835FunctionSelect

Device::BCM2835::gpio_set($pin);

Sets the specified pin output to HIGH. See Also Device::BCM2835::gpio_write() pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_clr($pin);

Sets the specified pin output to LOW. See Also Device::BCM2835::gpio_write() pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

my $value = Device::BCM2835::gpio_lev($pin);

Reads the current level on the specified pin and returns either HIGH or LOW. Works whether or not the pin is an input or an output. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin. return the current level either HIGH or LOW

my $value = Device::BCM2835::gpio_eds($pin);

Event Detect Status. Tests whether the specified pin has detected a level or edge as requested by Device::BCM2835::gpio_ren(), Device::BCM2835::gpio_fen(), Device::BCM2835::gpio_hen(), Device::BCM2835::gpio_len(), Device::BCM2835::gpio_aren(), Device::BCM2835::gpio_afen(). Clear the flag for a given pin by calling Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_eds(pin); pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin. return HIGH if the event detect status for th given pin is true.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_eds($pin);

Sets the Event Detect Status register for a given pin to 1, which has the effect of clearing the flag. Use this afer seeing an Event Detect Status on the pin. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_ren($pin);

Enable Rising Edge Detect Enable for the specified pin. When a rising edge is detected, sets the appropriate pin in Event Detect Status. The GPRENn registers use synchronous edge detection. This means the input signal is sampled using the system clock and then it is looking for a “011” pattern on the sampled signal. This has the effect of suppressing glitches. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_fen($pin);

Enable Falling Edge Detect Enable for the specified pin. When a falling edge is detected, sets the appropriate pin in Event Detect Status. The GPRENn registers use synchronous edge detection. This means the input signal is sampled using the system clock and then it is looking for a “100” pattern on the sampled signal. This has the effect of suppressing glitches. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_hen($in);

Enable High Detect Enable for the specified pin. When a HIGH level is detected on the pin, sets the appropriate pin in Event Detect Status. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_len($pin);

Enable Low Detect Enable for the specified pin. When a LOW level is detected on the pin, sets the appropriate pin in Event Detect Status. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_aren($pin);

Enable Asynchronous Rising Edge Detect Enable for the specified pin. When a rising edge is detected, sets the appropriate pin in Event Detect Status. Asynchronous means the incoming signal is not sampled by the system clock. As such rising edges of very short duration can be detected. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_afen($pin);

Enable Asynchronous Falling Edge Detect Enable for the specified pin. When a falling edge is detected, sets the appropriate pin in Event Detect Status. Asynchronous means the incoming signal is not sampled by the system clock. As such falling edges of very short duration can be detected. pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_pud($pud);

Sets the Pull-up/down register for the given pin. This is used with Device::BCM2835::gpio_pudclk() to set the Pull-up/down resistor for the given pin. However, it is usually more convenient to use Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pud(). See Also: Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pud() pud The desired Pull-up/down mode. One of BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_* from bcm2835PUDControl

Device::BCM2835::gpio_pudclk($pin, $on);

Clocks the Pull-up/down value set earlier by Device::BCM2835::gpio_pud() into the pin. See Also: Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pud() pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin. on HIGH to clock the value from Device::BCM2835::gpio_pud() into the pin. LOW to remove the clock.

uint32_t Device::BCM2835::gpio_pad($group);

Reads and returns the Pad Control for the given GPIO group. group The GPIO pad group number, one of BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_* return Mask of bits from BCM2835_PAD_* from \ref bcm2835PadGroup

Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pad($group, $control);

Sets the Pad Control for the given GPIO group. group The GPIO pad group number, one of BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_* control Mask of bits from BCM2835_PAD_* from \ref bcm2835PadGroup

delay ($millis);

Delays for the specified number of milliseconds. Uses nanosleep(), and therefore does not use CPU until the time is up. millis Delay in milliseconds

delayMicroseconds ($micros);

Delays for the specified number of microseconds. Uses nanosleep(), and therefore does not use CPU until the time is up. micros Delay in microseconds

Device::BCM2835::gpio_write($pin, $on);

Sets the output state of the specified pin pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin. on HIGH sets the output to HIGH and LOW to LOW.

Device::BCM2835::gpio_set_pud($pin, $pud);

Sets the Pull-up/down mode for the specified pin. This is more convenient than clocking the mode in with Device::BCM2835::gpio_pud() and Device::BCM2835::gpio_pudclk(). pin GPIO number, or one of RPI_GPIO_P1_* from \ref RPiGPIOPin. pud The desired Pull-up/down mode. One of BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_* from bcm2835PUDControl

Device::BCM2835::spi_begin(); Start SPI operations. Forces RPi SPI0 pins P1-19 (MOSI), P1-21 (MISO), P1-23 (CLK), P1-24 (CE0) and P1-26 (CE1) to alternate function ALT0, which enables those pins for SPI interface. You should call spi_end() when all SPI funcitons are complete to return the pins to their default functions
Device::BCM2835::end(); End SPI operations. SPI0 pins P1-19 (MOSI), P1-21 (MISO), P1-23 (CLK), P1-24 (CE0) and P1-26 (CE1) are returned to their default INPUT behaviour.
Device::BCM2835::setBitOrder($order); Sets the SPI bit order NOTE: has no effect. Not supported by SPI0. Defaults to order The desired bit order, one of BCM2835_SPI_BIT_ORDER_*, see \ref bcm2835SPIBitOrder
Device::BCM2835::setClockDivider($divider); Sets the SPI clock divider and therefore the SPI clock speed. divider The desired SPI clock divider, one of BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_*, see \ref bcm2835SPIClockDivider
Device::BCM2835::setDataMode($mode); Sets the SPI data mode Sets the clock polariy and phase mode The desired data mode, one of BCM2835_SPI_MODE*, see \ref bcm2835SPIMode
Device::BCM2835::chipSelect($cs); Sets the chip select pin(s) When an spi_transfer() is made, the selected pin(s) will be asserted during the transfer. cs Specifies the CS pins(s) that are used to activate the desired slave. One of BCM2835_SPI_CS*, see \ref bcm2835SPIChipSelect
Device::BCM2835::setChipSelectPolarity($cs, $active); Sets the chip select pin polarity for a given pin When an spi_transfer() occurs, the currently selected chip select pin(s) will be asserted to the value given by active. When transfers are not happening, the chip select pin(s) return to the complement (inactive) value. cs The chip select pin to affect active Whether the chip select pin is to be active HIGH
my $data = spi_transfer($value); Transfers one byte to and from the currently selected SPI slave. Asserts the currently selected CS pins (as previously set by bcm2835_spi_chipSelect) during the transfer. Clocks the 8 bit value out on MOSI, and simultaneously clocks in data from MISO. Returns the read data byte from the slave. polled transfer as per section 10.6.1 of teh BCM 2835 ARM Peripherls manual value The 8 bit data byte to write to MOSI return The 8 bit byte simultaneously read from MISO
spi_transfern($buf); Transfers any number of bytes to and from the currently selected SPI slave. Asserts the currently selected CS pins (as previously set by bcm2835_spi_chipSelect) during the transfer. Clocks the len 8 bit bytes out on MOSI, and simultaneously clocks in data from MISO. The returned data from the slave replaces the transmitted data in the buffer. Uses polled transfer as per section 10.6.1 of teh BCM 2835 ARM Peripherls manual buf The buffer containing the bytes to be transmitted. ALl teh bytes in teh buffer will be sent, and the received data from the slave will replace the contents

Example GPIO program ^

This simple program blinks RPi GPIO pin 11 every 500ms. It must be run as root, in order to access the BCM 2835 GPIO address space:

 use Device::BCM2835;
 use strict;

 # call set_debug(1) to do a non-destructive test on non-RPi hardware
 #Device::BCM2835::set_debug(1);
 Device::BCM2835::init() 
  || die "Could not init library";

 # Blink pin 11:
 # Set RPi pin 11 to be an output
 Device::BCM2835::gpio_fsel(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 
                            &Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_OUTP);

 while (1)
 {
     # Turn it on
     Device::BCM2835::gpio_write(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 1);
     Device::BCM2835::delay(500); # Milliseconds
     # Turn it off
     Device::BCM2835::gpio_write(&Device::BCM2835::RPI_GPIO_P1_11, 0);
     Device::BCM2835::delay(500); # Milliseconds
 }

Example SPI program ^

 use Device::BCM2835;
 use strict;

 #Device::BCM2835::set_debug(1);
 Device::BCM2835::init() || die "Could not init library";

 # Must be run as root

 Device::BCM2835::spi_begin();
 Device::BCM2835::spi_setBitOrder(Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_SPI_BIT_ORDER_MSBFIRST);      # The default
 Device::BCM2835::spi_setDataMode(Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_SPI_MODE0);                   # The default
 Device::BCM2835::spi_setClockDivider(Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_65536); # The default
 Device::BCM2835::spi_chipSelect(Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_SPI_CS0);                      # The default
 Device::BCM2835::spi_setChipSelectPolarity(Device::BCM2835::BCM2835_SPI_CS0, 0);      # the default

 # Send a some bytes to the slave and simultaneously read 
 # some bytes back from the slave
 # Most SPI devices expect one or 2 bytes of command, after which they will send back
 # some data. In such a case you will have the command bytes first in the buffer,
 # followed by as many 0 bytes as you expect returned data bytes. After the transfer, you 
 # Can the read the reply bytes from the buffer.
 # If you tie MISO to MOSI, you should read back what was sent.
 my $data = pack('H*', '01021133');
 Device::BCM2835::spi_transfern($data);
 my $x = unpack('H*', $data);
 print "read: $x\n";

Device::BCM2835::spi_end();

EXPORT

None by default.

Exportable constants

        BCM2835_BLOCK_SIZE
        BCM2835_CLOCK_BASE
        BCM2835_GPAFEN0
        BCM2835_GPAFEN1
        BCM2835_GPAREN0
        BCM2835_GPAREN1
        BCM2835_GPCLR0
        BCM2835_GPCLR1
        BCM2835_GPEDS0
        BCM2835_GPEDS1
        BCM2835_GPFEN0
        BCM2835_GPFEN1
        BCM2835_GPFSEL0
        BCM2835_GPFSEL1
        BCM2835_GPFSEL2
        BCM2835_GPFSEL3
        BCM2835_GPFSEL4
        BCM2835_GPFSEL5
        BCM2835_GPHEN0
        BCM2835_GPHEN1
        BCM2835_GPIO_BASE
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_ALT0
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_ALT1
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_ALT2
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_ALT3
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_ALT4
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_ALT5
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_INPT
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_MASK
        BCM2835_GPIO_FSEL_OUTP
        BCM2835_GPIO_PADS
        BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_DOWN
        BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_OFF
        BCM2835_GPIO_PUD_UP
        BCM2835_GPIO_PWM
        BCM2835_GPLEN0
        BCM2835_GPLEN1
        BCM2835_GPLEV0
        BCM2835_GPLEV1
        BCM2835_GPPUD
        BCM2835_GPPUDCLK0
        BCM2835_GPPUDCLK1
        BCM2835_GPREN0
        BCM2835_GPREN1
        BCM2835_GPSET0
        BCM2835_GPSET1
        BCM2835_PADS_GPIO_0_27
        BCM2835_PADS_GPIO_28_45
        BCM2835_PADS_GPIO_46_53
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_10mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_12mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_14mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_16mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_2mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_4mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_6mA
        BCM2835_PAD_DRIVE_8mA
        BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_0_27
        BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_28_45
        BCM2835_PAD_GROUP_GPIO_46_53
        BCM2835_PAD_HYSTERESIS_ENABLED
        BCM2835_PAD_SLEW_RATE_UNLIMITED
        BCM2835_PAGE_SIZE
        BCM2835_PERI_BASE
        BCM2835_PWM0_DATA
        BCM2835_PWM0_ENABLE
        BCM2835_PWM0_MS_MODE
        BCM2835_PWM0_OFFSTATE
        BCM2835_PWM0_RANGE
        BCM2835_PWM0_REPEATFF
        BCM2835_PWM0_REVPOLAR
        BCM2835_PWM0_SERIAL
        BCM2835_PWM0_USEFIFO
        BCM2835_PWM1_DATA
        BCM2835_PWM1_ENABLE
        BCM2835_PWM1_MS_MODE
        BCM2835_PWM1_OFFSTATE
        BCM2835_PWM1_RANGE
        BCM2835_PWM1_REPEATFF
        BCM2835_PWM1_REVPOLAR
        BCM2835_PWM1_SERIAL
        BCM2835_PWM1_USEFIFO
        BCM2835_PWMCLK_CNTL
        BCM2835_PWMCLK_DIV
        BCM2835_PWM_CONTROL
        BCM2835_PWM_STATUS
        BCM2835_SPI0_BASE
        BCM2835_SPI0_CLK
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_ADCS
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CLEAR
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CLEAR_RX
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CLEAR_TX
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CPHA
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CPOL
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CS
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CSPOL
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CSPOL0
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CSPOL1
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_CSPOL2
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_DMAEN
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_DMA_LEN
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_DONE
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_INTD
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_INTR
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_LEN
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_LEN_LONG
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_LMONO
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_REN
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_RXD
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_RXF
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_RXR
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_TA
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_TE_EN
        BCM2835_SPI0_CS_TXD
        BCM2835_SPI0_DC
        BCM2835_SPI0_DLEN
        BCM2835_SPI0_FIFO
        BCM2835_SPI0_LTOH
        BCM2835_SPI_BIT_ORDER_LSBFIRST
        BCM2835_SPI_BIT_ORDER_MSBFIRST
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_1
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_1024
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_128
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_16
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_16384
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_2
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_2048
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_256
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_32
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_32768
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_4
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_4096
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_512
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_64
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_65536
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_8
        BCM2835_SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER_8192
        BCM2835_SPI_CS0
        BCM2835_SPI_CS1
        BCM2835_SPI_CS2
        BCM2835_SPI_CS_NONE
        BCM2835_SPI_MODE0
        BCM2835_SPI_MODE1
        BCM2835_SPI_MODE2
        BCM2835_SPI_MODE3
        HIGH
        LOW
        RPI_GPIO_P1_03
        RPI_GPIO_P1_05
        RPI_GPIO_P1_07
        RPI_GPIO_P1_08
        RPI_GPIO_P1_10
        RPI_GPIO_P1_11
        RPI_GPIO_P1_12
        RPI_GPIO_P1_13
        RPI_GPIO_P1_15
        RPI_GPIO_P1_16
        RPI_GPIO_P1_18
        RPI_GPIO_P1_19
        RPI_GPIO_P1_21
        RPI_GPIO_P1_22
        RPI_GPIO_P1_23
        RPI_GPIO_P1_24
        RPI_GPIO_P1_26

SEE ALSO ^

You will need to familiar with the GPIO pinouts etc:

http://elinux.org/RPi_Low-level_peripherals http://www.raspberrypi.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/BCM2835-ARM-Peripherals.pdf http://www.open.com.au/mikem/bcm2835

AUTHOR ^

Mike McCauley, <mikem@open.com.au>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2012 by Mike McCauley

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.14.2 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.

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