KAN Fushihara > Smart-Options-0.053 > Smart::Options

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Module Version: 0.053   Source  

NAME ^

Smart::Options - smart command line options processor

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Smart::Options;

  my $argv = Smart::Options->new->argv;

  if ($argv->{rif} - 5 * $argv->{xup} > 7.138) {
      say 'Buy more fiffiwobbles';
  }
  else {
     say 'Sell the xupptumblers';
  }

  # $ ./example.pl --rif=55 --xup=9.52
  # Buy more fiffiwobbles
  #
  # $ ./example.pl --rif 12 --xup 8.1
  # Sell the xupptumblers

DESCRIPTION ^

Smart::Options is a library for option parsing for people tired option parsing. This module is analyzed as people interpret an option intuitively.

METHOD ^

new()

Create a parser object.

  use Smart::Options;

  my $argv = Smart::Options->new->parse(qw(-x 10 -y 2));

parse(@args)

parse @args. return hashref of option values. if @args is empty Smart::Options use @ARGV

argv(@args)

shortcut method. this method auto export.

  use Smart::Options;
  say argv(qw(-x 10))->{x};

is the same as

  use Smart::Options ();
  Smart::Options->new->parse(qw(-x 10))->{x};

alias($alias, $option)

set alias for option. you can use "$option" field of argv.

  use Smart::Options;
  
  my $argv = Smart::Options->new->alias(f => 'file')->parse(qw(-f /etc/hosts));
  $argv->{file} # => '/etc/hosts'

default($option, $default_value)

set default value for option.

  use Smart::Options;
  
  my $argv = Smart::Options->new->default(y => 5)->parse(qw(-x 10));
  $argv->{x} + $argv->{y} # => 15

describe($option, $msg)

set option help message.

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->alias(f => 'file')->describe('Load a file');
  say $opt->help;

  # Usage: ./example.pl
  #
  # Options:
  #    -f, --file  Load a file
  #

boolean($option, $option2, ...)

interpret 'option' as a boolean.

  use Smart::Options;
  
  my $argv = Smart::Options->new->parse(qw(-x 11 -y 10));
  $argv->{x} # => 11
  
  my $argv2 = Smart::Options->new->boolean('x')->parse(qw(-x 11 -y 10));
  $argv2->{x} # => true (1)

demand($option, $option2, ...)

show usage (showHelp()) and exit if $option wasn't specified in args.

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->alias(f => 'file')
                                 ->demand('file')
                                 ->describe('Load a file');
  $opt->argv(); # => exit

  # Usage: ./example.pl
  #
  # Options:
  #    -f, --file  Load a file [required]
  #

options($key => $settings, ...)

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()
    ->options( f => { alias => 'file', default => '/etc/passwd' } );

is the same as

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()
              ->alias(f => 'file')
              ->default(f => '/etc/passwd');

type($option => $type)

set type check for option value

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->type(foo => 'Int');

  $opt->parse('--foo=bar') # => fail
  $opt->parse('--foo=3.14') # => fail
  $opt->parse('--foo=1') # => ok

support type is here.

  Bool
  Str
  Int
  Num
  ArrayRef
  HashRef
  Config

Config

'Config' is special type. The contents will be read into each option if a file name is specified as a Config type option.

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->type(conf => 'Config');
  $opt->parse(qw(--conf=.optrc));

config file format is simple. see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INI_file

  ; this is comment
  [section]
  key=value
  key2=value2

coerce( $newtype => $sourcetype, $generator )

define new type and convert logic.

  use Smart::Options;
  use Path::Class; # export 'file'
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()->coerce(File => 'Str', sub { file($_[0]) })
                                 ->type(file => 'File');
  
  $opt->parse('--foo=/etc/passwd');
  $argv->{file} # => Path::Class::File instance

usage

set a usage message to show which command to use. default is "Usage: $0".

help

return help message string

showHelp($fh)

print usage message. default output STDERR.

subcmd($cmd => $parser)

set a sub command. $parser is another Smart::Option object.

  use Smart::Options;
  my $opt = Smart::Options->new()
              ->subcmd(add => Smart::Options->new())
              ->subcmd(minus => Smart::Options->new());

DSL ^

see also Smart::Options::Declare

PARSING TRICKS ^

stop parsing

use '--' to stop parsing.

  use Smart::Options;
  use Data::Dumper;

  my $argv = argv(qw(-a 1 -b 2 -- -c 3 -d 4));
  warn Dumper($argv);

  # $VAR1 = {
  #        'a' => '1',
  #        'b' => '2',
  #        '_' => [
  #                 '-c',
  #                 '3',
  #                 '-d',
  #                 '4'
  #               ]
  #      };

negate fields

'--no-key' set false to $key.

  use Smart::Options;
  argv(qw(-a --no-b))->{b}; # => 0

duplicates

If set flag multiple times it will get arrayref.

  use Smart::Options;
  argv(qw(-x 1 -x 2 -x 3))->{x}; # => [1, 2, 3]

dot notation

  use Smart::Optuions;
  argv(qw(--foo.x 1 --foo.y 2)); # => { foo => { x => 1, y => 2 } }

AUTHOR ^

Kan Fushihara <kan.fushihara@gmail.com>

SEE ALSO ^

https://github.com/substack/node-optimist

GetOpt::Casual, opts, GetOpt::Compat::WithCmd

LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) Kan Fushihara

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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