Stat::lsMode - format file modes like the
ls -l command does
use Stat::lsMode; $mode = (stat $file); $permissions = format_mode($mode); # $permissions is now something like `drwxr-xr-x' $permissions = file_mode($file); # Same as above $permissions = format_perms(0644); # Produces just 'rw-r--r--' $permissions = format_perms(644); # This generates a warning message: # mode 644 is very surprising. Perhaps you meant 0644... Stat::lsMode->novice(0); # Disable warning messages
Stat::lsMode generates mode and permission strings that look like the ones generated by the Unix
ls -l command. For example, a regular file that is readable by everyone and writable only by its owner has the mode string
Stat::lsMode will either examine the file and produce the right mode string for you, or you can pass it the mode that you get back from Perl's
Given a mode number (such as the third element of the list returned by
stat), return the appopriate ten-character mode string as it would have been generated by
ls -l. For example, consider a directory that is readable and searchable by everyone, and also writable by its owner. Such a directory will have mode 040755. When passed this value,
format_mode will return the string
format_mode is passed a permission number like
0755, it will return a nine-character string insted, with no leading character to say what the file type is. For example,
format_mode(0755) will return just
rwxr-xr-x, without the leading
Given a filename, do
lstat on the file to determine the mode, and return the mode, formatted as above.
A common mistake when dealing with permission modes is to use
644 where you meant to use
0644. Every permission has a numeric representation, but the representation only makes sense when you write the number in octal. The decimal number 644 corresponds to a permission setting, but not the one you think. If you write it in octal you get 01204, which corresponds to the unlikely permissions
-w----r-T, not to
The appearance of the bizarre permission
-w----r-T in a program is almost a sure sign that someone used
644 when they meant to use
0644. By default, this module will detect the use of such unlikely permissions and issue a warning if you try to format them. To disable these warnings, use
Stat::lsMode->novice(0); # disable novice mode Stat::lsMode->novice(1); # enable novice mode again
The surprising permissions that are diagnosed by this mode are:
111 => --xr-xrwx 400 => rw--w---- 440 => rw-rwx--- 444 => rw-rwxr-- 551 => ---r--rwt 600 => --x-wx--T 640 => -w------T 644 => -w----r-T 660 => -w--w-r-T 664 => -w--wx--T 666 => -w--wx-wT 700 => -w-rwxr-T 711 => -wx---rwt 750 => -wxr-xrwT 751 => -wxr-xrwt 751 => -wxr-xrwt 755 => -wxrw--wt 770 => r------wT 771 => r------wt 775 => r-----rwt 777 => r----x--t
Of these, only 400 is remotely plausible.
As far as I know, the precise definition of the mode bits is portable between varieties of Unix. The module should, however, examine
stat.h or use some other method to find out if there are any local variations, because Unix being Unix, someone somewhere probably does it differently.
file_mode should have an option that says that if the file is a symlink, to format the mode of the pointed to file instead of the mode of the link itself, the way
ls -Ll does.
Mark-Jason Dominus (