Mike Pomraning > File-FnMatch-0.02 > File::FnMatch

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NAME ^

File::FnMatch - simple filename and pathname matching

SYNOPSIS ^

  use File::FnMatch qw(:fnmatch);    # import everything

  # shell-style: match "/a/bc", but not "/a/.bc" nor "/a/b/c"
  fnmatch("/a/*", $fn, FNM_PATHNAME|FNM_PERIOD);

  # find our A- executables only
  grep { fnmatch("A-*.exe", $_) } readdir SOMEDIR;

DESCRIPTION ^

File::FnMatch::fnmatch() provides simple, shell-like pattern matching.

Though considerably less powerful than regular expressions, shell patterns are nonetheless useful and familiar to a large audience of end-users.

Functions

fnmatch ( PATTERN, STRING [, FLAGS] )

Returns true if PATTERN matches STRING, undef otherwise. FLAGS may be the bitwise OR'ing of any supported FNM_* constants (see below).

Constants

FNM_NOESCAPE

Do not treat a backslash ('\') in PATTERN specially. Otherwise, a backslash escapes the following character.

FNM_PATHNAME

Prohibit wildcards from matching a slash ('/').

FNM_PERIOD

Prohibit wildcards from matching a period ('.') at the start of a string and, if FNM_PATHNAME is also given, immediately after a slash.

Other possibilities include at least FNM_CASEFOLD (compare qr//i), FNM_LEADING_DIR to restrict matching to everything before the first '/', FNM_FILE_NAME as a synonym for FNM_PATHNAME, and the rather more exotic FNM_EXTMATCH. Consult your system documentation for details.

EXPORT

None by default. The export tag :fnmatch exports the fnmatch function and all available FNM_* constants.

PATTERN SYNTAX ^

Wildcards are the question mark ('?') to match any single character and the asterisk ('*') to match zero or more characters. FNM_PATHNAME and FNM_PERIOD restrict the scope of the wildcards, notably supporting the UNIX convention of concealing "dotfiles":

Bracket expressions, enclosed by '[' and ']', match any of a set of characters specified explicitly ([abcdef]), as a range ([a-f0-9]), or as the combination these ([a-f0-9XYZ]). Additionally, many implementations support named character classes such as [[:xdigit:]]. Character sets may be negated with an initial '!' ([![:space:]]).

Locale influences the meaning of fnmatch() patterns.

CAVEATS ^

Most UNIX-like systems provide an fnmatch implementation. This module will not work on platforms lacking an implementation, most notably Win32.

SEE ALSO ^

File::Glob, POSIX::setlocale, fnmatch(3)

AUTHOR ^

Michael J. Pomraning

Please report bugs to <mjp-perl AT pilcrow.madison.wi.us>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2005 by Michael J. Pomraning

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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