Matthew McGillis > Finance-QIF-3.02 > Finance::QIF

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NAME ^

Finance::QIF - Parse and create Quicken Interchange Format files

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Finance::QIF;
  
  my $qif = Finance::QIF->new( file => "test.qif" );
  
  while ( my $record = $qif->next ) {
      print( "Header: ", $record->{header}, "\n" );
      foreach my $key ( keys %{$record} ) {
          next
            if ( $key eq "header"
              || $key eq "splits"
              || $key eq "budget"
              || $key eq "prices" );
          print( "     ", $key, ": ", $record->{$key}, "\n" );
      }
      if ( exists( $record->{splits} ) ) {
          foreach my $split ( @{ $record->{splits} } ) {
              foreach my $key ( keys %{$split} ) {
                  print( "     Split: ", $key, ": ", $split->{$key}, "\n" );
              }
          }
      }
      if ( exists( $record->{budget} ) ) {
          print("     Budget: ");
          foreach my $amount ( @{ $record->{budget} } ) {
              print( " ", $amount );
          }
          print("\n");
      }
      if ( exists( $record->{prices} ) ) {
          print("     Date     Close   Max     Min     Volume\n");
          $format = "     %8s %7.2f %7.2f %7.2f %-8d\n";
          foreach my $price ( @{ $record->{prices} } ) {
              printf( $format,
                  $price->{"date"}, $price->{"close"}, $price->{"max"},
                  $price->{"min"},  $price->{"volume"} );
          }
      }
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

Finance::QIF is a module for working with QIF (Quicken Interchange Format) files in Perl. This module reads QIF data records from a file passing each successive record to the caller for processing. This module also has the capability of writing QIF records to a file.

The QIF file format typically consists of a header containing a record or transaction type, followed by associated data records. Within a file there may be multiple headers. Headers are usually followed by data records, however data is not required to always follow a header.

A hash reference is returned for each record read from a file. The hash will have a "header" value which contains the header type that was read along with all supported values found for that record. If a value is not specified in the data file, the value will not exist in this hash.

No processing or validation is done on values found in files or data structures to try and convert them into appropriate types and formats. It is expected that users of this module or extensions to this module will do any additional processing or validation as required.

RECORD TYPES & VALUES

The following record types are currently supported by this module:

Type:Bank, Type:Cash, Type:CCard, Type:Oth A, Type:Oth L

These are non investment ledger transactions. All of these record types support the following values.

date

Date of transaction.

transaction

Dollar amount of transaction.

total

Dollar amount of transaction. This is generally the same as transaction but in some cases can be higher. (Introduced in Quicken 2005 for windows)

status

Reconciliation status of transaction.

number

Check number of transaction.

payee

Who the transaction was made to.

memo

Additional text describing the transaction.

address

Address of payee.

category

Category the transaction is assigned to.

splits

If the transaction contains splits this will be defined and consist of an array of hash references. With each split potentially having the following values.

category

Category the split is assigned to.

memo

Additional text describing the split.

amount

Dollar amount of split.

Type:Invst

This is for Investment ledger transactions. The following values are supported for this record type.

date

Date of transaction.

action

Type of transaction like buy, sell, ...

security

Security name of transaction.

price

Price of security at time of transaction.

quantity

Number of shares purchased.

transaction

Cost of shares in transaction.

status

Reconciliation status of transaction.

text

Text for non security specific transaction.

memo

Additional text describing transaction.

commission

Commission fees related to transaction.

account

Account related to security specific transaction.

amount

Dollar amount of transaction.

total

Dollar amount of transaction. This is generally the same as amount but in some cases can be higher. (Introduced in Quicken 2005 for windows)

Account

This is a list of accounts. In cases where it is used in a file by first providing one account record followed by a investment or non-investment record type and its transactions, it means that that set of transactions is related to the specified account. In other cases it can just be a sequence of Account records.

Each account record supports the following values.

name

Account name.

description

Account description.

limit

Account limit usually for credit card accounts that have some upper limit over credit.

tax

Defined if the account is tax related.

note

Additional information about the account.

type

Type of account.

balance

Current balance of account.

Type:Cat

This is a list of categories. The following values are supported for category records.

name

Name of category.

description

Description of category.

budget

An array of 12 values Jan-Dec to represent the budget amount for each month.

expense

Usually exists if the category is an expense account however this is often a default assumed value and doesn't show up in files.

income

Exists if the category is an income account.

tax

Exists if this category is tax related.

schedule

If this category is tax related this specifies what tax schedule it is related if defined.

Type:Class

This is a list of classes. The following values are supported for class records.

name

Name of class.

description

Description of class.

Type:Memorized

This is a list of memorized transactions. The following values are supported for memorized transaction records.

type

Type of memorized transaction "C" for check, "D" for deposit, "P" for payment, "I" for investment, and "E" for electronic payee.

transaction

Dollar amount of transaction.

total

Dollar amount of transaction. This is generally the same as amount but in some cases can be higher. (Introduced in Quicken 2005 for windows)

status

Reconciliation status of transaction.

payee

Who the transaction was made to.

memo

Additional text describing the transaction.

address

Address of payee.

category

Category the transaction is assigned to.

action

Type of investment transaction like buty, sell, ... (Inroduced in Quicken 2006 for windows)

security

Security name of transaction. (Inroduced in Quicken 2006 for windows)

price

Price of security. (Inroduced in Quicken 2006 for windows)

quantity

Quantity of security. (Inroduced in Quicken 2006 for windows)

amount

Dollar amount of transaction. (Introduced in Quicken 2006 for windows)

splits

If the transaction contains splits this will be defined and consist of an array of hashes. With each split potentially having the following values.

category

Category the split is assigned to.

memo

Additional text describing the split.

amount

Dollar amount of split.

first

First payment date.

years

Total years for loan.

made

Number of payments already made.

periods

Number of periods per year.

interest

Interest rate of loan.

balance

Current loan balance.

loan

Original loan amount.

Type:Security

This is a list of securities. The following values are supported for security records.

security

Security name.

symbol

Security symbol.

type

Security type.

goal

Security goal.

Type:Budget

This is a list of budget values for categories. The following values are supported for budget records.

name

Category name of budgeted item.

description

Category Description of budgeted item.

expense

Usually exists if the category is an expense account however this is often a default assumed value and doesn't show up in files.

income

Exists if the category is an income account.

tax

Exists if this category is tax related.

schedule

If this category is tax related this specifies what tax schedule it is related if defined.

budget

An array of 12 values Jan-Dec to represent the budget amount for each month.

Type:Payee

This is a list online payee accounts. The following values are supported for online payee account records.

name

Name of payees.

address

Address of payee.

city

City of payee.

state

State of payee

zip

Zipcode of payee.

country

Country of payee.

phone

Phone number of payee.

account

Account number for payee transaction.

Type:Prices

This is a list of prices for a security. The following values are supported for security prices records.

symbol

Security Symbol.

prices

An array of hashes. With each hash having the following values.

date

Date of security values.

close

Close value of security for the date.

max

Max value of security for the date.

min

Min value of security for the date.

volume

Number of shares of security exchanged for the date.

Option:AllXfr, Option:AutoSwitch, Clear:AutoSwitch

These record types aren't related to transactions but instead provided ways to control how Quicken processes the QIF file. They have no impact on how this software operates and are ignored when found.

Note: If this software finds unsupported record types or values in a data file a warning will be generated containing information on what unexpected value was found.

METHODS ^

new()

Creates a new instance of Finance::QIF. Supports the following initializing values.

  my $qif = Finance::QIF->new( file => "myfile", debug => 1 );

If the file is specified it will be opened on new.

file

Specifies file to use for processing. See "file()" for details.

  my $in = Finance::QIF->new( file => "myfile" );
OR
  my $in = Finance::QIF->new( file => [ "myfile", "<:crlf" ] );

For output files, be sure to open the file in write mode. For example:

  my $out = Finance::QIF->new( file => ">myfile" );
record_separator

Can be used to redefine the QIF record separator. Default is $/.

  my $in = Finance::QIF->new( record_separator => "\012" );

Note: For MacOS X it will most likely be necessary to change this to "\015". Quicken on MacOS X generates files with "\015" as the separator which is typical of Mac however the native perl in MacOS X is unix based and uses the default unix separator which is "\012". See "autodetect" for another option.

autodetect

Enable auto detection of the record separator based on the file contents. Default is "0".

  my $in = Finance::QIF->new( autodetect => 1 );

Perl uses $/ to define line separators for text files. Perl sets this value according to the OS perl is running on:

  Windows="\015\012"
  Mac="\015"
  Unix="\012"

In many cases you may find yourself with text files that do not match the OS. In these cases Finance::QIF by default will not process that QIF file correctly. This feature is an attempt to help with the most common cases of having the wrong text file for the OS Finance::QIF is running on.

This feature depends on being able to seek to the end of the file and reading the last 2 characters to determine the proper separator. If a seek can not be performed or the last 2 characters are not a proper separator the record_separator will default to $/ or the value passed in. If a valid record_separator is found then it will be set according to what was in the file.

This code requires a file use a consistent line separator. If you find your self dealing with unusual files containing mixed separators you need to first Normalize the file to a consistent separator.

Normalizing a text file to have a consistent line separator is done in modules like File::LocalizeNewlines or Template::Parser::LocalizeNewlines so if you are having issues with trying to process poorly formated text files look at preprocessing them with something like those before passing on to Finance::QIF.

trim_white_space

Can be used to remove leading and trailing white space from values returned. Default is "0".

  my $qif = Finance::QIF->new( trim_white_space => 1 );
debug

Can be used to output debug information. Default is "0".

  my $qif = Finance::QIF->new( debug => 1 );

file()

Specify file name and optionally additional parameters that will be used to obtain a filehandle. The argument can be a filename (SCALAR), an ARRAY reference, or an ARRAY whose values must be valid arguments for passing to IO::File->new.

  $qif->file( "myfile" );
 OR
  $qif->file( [ "myfile", "<:crlf" ] );
 OR
  $qif->file( "myfile", "<:crlf" );

For output files, be sure to open the file in write mode.

record_separator()

Returns the currently used record_separator. This is used primarly in situations where you open a QIF file with autodetect and then want to write out a QIF file in the same format.

  my $in  = Finance::QIF->new( file => "input.qif", autodetect => 1 );
  my $out = Finance::QIF->new( file => ">write.qif",
                               record_separator => $in->record_separator );

open()

Open already specified file.

  $qif->open();

Open also supports the same arguments as "file()".

next()

For input files return the next record in the QIF file.

  my $record = $in->next();

Returns undef if no more records are available.

header()

For output files use to output the passed header for records that will then be written with write.

  $out->header( "Type:Bank" );

See "RECORD TYPES & VALUES" for list of possible record types that can be passed.

write()

For output files use to output the passed record to the file.

  $out->write( $record );

reset()

Resets the filehandle so the records can be read again from the beginning of the file.

  $qif->reset();

close()

Closes the open file.

  $qif->close();

EXAMPLES ^

Read an existing QIF file then write out to new QIF file.

  my $in  = Finance::QIF->new( file => "input.qif" );
  my $out = Finance::QIF->new( file => ">write.qif" );
  
  my $header = "";
  while ( my $record = $in->next() ) {
      if ( $header ne $record->{header} ) {
          $out->header( $record->{header} );
          $header = $record->{header};
      }
      $out->write($record);
  }
  
  $in->close();
  $out->close();

SEE ALSO ^

Carp, IO::File

Quicken Interchange Format (QIF) specification http://web.intuit.com/support/quicken/docs/d_qif.html

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ^

Simon Cozens simon@cpan.org, Author of original Finance::QIF

Nathan McFarland nmcfarl@cpan.org, Maintainer of original Finance::QIF

AUTHORS ^

Matthew McGillis <matthew@mcgillis.org> http://www.mcgillis.org/

Phil Lobbes <phil at perkpartners dot com>

Project maintained at http://sourceforge.net/projects/finance-qif

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 2006-2008 by Matthew McGillis. All rights reserved.

LICENSE ^

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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