Martin 'Kingpin' Thurn > I18N-Charset-1.412 > I18N::Charset

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NAME ^

I18N::Charset - IANA Character Set Registry names and Unicode::MapUTF8 (et al.) conversion scheme names

SYNOPSIS ^

  use I18N::Charset;

  $sCharset = iana_charset_name('WinCyrillic');
  # $sCharset is now 'windows-1251'
  $sCharset = umap_charset_name('Adobe DingBats');
  # $sCharset is now 'ADOBE-DINGBATS' which can be passed to Unicode::Map->new()
  $sCharset = map8_charset_name('windows-1251');
  # $sCharset is now 'cp1251' which can be passed to Unicode::Map8->new()
  $sCharset = umu8_charset_name('x-sjis');
  # $sCharset is now 'sjis' which can be passed to Unicode::MapUTF8->new()
  $sCharset = libi_charset_name('x-sjis');
  # $sCharset is now 'MS_KANJI' which can be passed to `iconv -f $sCharset ...`
  $sCharset = enco_charset_name('Shift-JIS');
  # $sCharset is now 'shiftjis' which can be passed to Encode::from_to()

  I18N::Charset::add_iana_alias('my-japanese' => 'iso-2022-jp');
  I18N::Charset::add_map8_alias('my-arabic' => 'arabic7');
  I18N::Charset::add_umap_alias('my-hebrew' => 'ISO-8859-8');
  I18N::Charset::add_libi_alias('my-sjis' => 'x-sjis');
  I18N::Charset::add_enco_alias('my-japanese' => 'shiftjis');

DESCRIPTION ^

The I18N::Charset module provides access to the IANA Character Set Registry names for identifying character encoding schemes. It also provides a mapping to the character set names used by the Unicode::Map and Unicode::Map8 modules.

So, for example, if you get an HTML document with a META CHARSET="..." tag, you can fairly quickly determine what Unicode::MapXXX module can be used to convert it to Unicode.

If you don't have the module Unicode::Map installed, the umap_ functions will always return undef. If you don't have the module Unicode::Map8 installed, the map8_ functions will always return undef. If you don't have the module Unicode::MapUTF8 installed, the umu8_ functions will always return undef. If you don't have the iconv library installed, the libi_ functions will always return undef. If you don't have the Encode module installed, the enco_ functions will always return undef.

CONVERSION ROUTINES ^

There are four main conversion routines: iana_charset_name(), map8_charset_name(), umap_charset_name(), and umu8_charset_name().

iana_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set and returns a string which contains the official IANA name of the character set identified. If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the string are not important.

    $sCharset = iana_charset_name('WinCyrillic');
mime_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set and returns a string which contains the preferred MIME name of the character set identified. If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the string are not important.

    $sCharset = mime_charset_name('Extended_UNIX_Code_Packed_Format_for_Japanese');
enco_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set and returns a string which contains a name of the character set suitable to be passed to the Encode module. If no valid character set name can be identified, or if Encode is not installed, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the string are not important.

    $sCharset = enco_charset_name('Extended_UNIX_Code_Packed_Format_for_Japanese');
libi_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set and returns a string which contains a name of the character set suitable to be passed to iconv. If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the string are not important.

    $sCharset = libi_charset_name('Extended_UNIX_Code_Packed_Format_for_Korean');
mib_to_charset_name

This function takes a string containing the MIBenum of a character set and returns a string which contains a name for the character set. If the given MIBenum does not correspond to any character set, then undef will be returned.

    $sCharset = mib_to_charset_name('3');
mib_charset_name

This is a synonum for mib_to_charset_name

charset_name_to_mib

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set in almost any format and returns a MIBenum for the character set. For IANA-registered character sets, this is the IANA-registered MIB. For non-IANA character sets, this is an unambiguous unique string whose only use is to pass to other functions in this module. If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned.

    $iMIB = charset_name_to_mib('US-ASCII');
map8_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set (in almost any format) and returns a string which contains a name for the character set that can be passed to Unicode::Map8::new(). Note: the returned string will be capitalized just like the name of the .bin file in the Unicode::Map8::MAPS_DIR directory. If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the argument string are not important.

    $sCharset = map8_charset_name('windows-1251');
umap_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set (in almost any format) and returns a string which contains a name for the character set that can be passed to Unicode::Map::new(). If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the argument string are not important.

    $sCharset = umap_charset_name('hebrew');
umu8_charset_name()

This function takes a string containing the name of a character set (in almost any format) and returns a string which contains a name for the character set that can be passed to Unicode::MapUTF8::new(). If no valid character set name can be identified, then undef will be returned. The case and punctuation within the argument string are not important.

    $sCharset = umu8_charset_name('windows-1251');

QUERY ROUTINES ^

There is one function which can be used to obtain a list of all IANA-registered character set names.

all_iana_charset_names()

Returns a list of all registered IANA character set names. The names are not in any particular order.

CHARACTER SET NAME ALIASING ^

This module supports several semi-private routines for specifying character set name aliases.

add_iana_alias()

This function takes two strings: a new alias, and a target IANA Character Set Name (or another alias). It defines the new alias to refer to that character set name (or to the character set name to which the second alias refers).

Returns the target character set name of the successfully installed alias. Returns 'undef' if the target character set name is not registered. Returns 'undef' if the target character set name of the second alias is not registered.

  I18N::Charset::add_iana_alias('my-alias1' => 'Shift_JIS');

With this code, "my-alias1" becomes an alias for the existing IANA character set name 'Shift_JIS'.

  I18N::Charset::add_iana_alias('my-alias2' => 'sjis');

With this code, "my-alias2" becomes an alias for the IANA character set name referred to by the existing alias 'sjis' (which happens to be 'Shift_JIS').

add_map8_alias()

This function takes two strings: a new alias, and a target Unicode::Map8 Character Set Name (or an exising alias to a Map8 name). It defines the new alias to refer to that mapping name (or to the mapping name to which the second alias refers).

If the first argument is a registered IANA character set name, then all aliases of that IANA character set name will end up pointing to the target Map8 mapping name.

Returns the target mapping name of the successfully installed alias. Returns 'undef' if the target mapping name is not registered. Returns 'undef' if the target mapping name of the second alias is not registered.

  I18N::Charset::add_map8_alias('normal' => 'ANSI_X3.4-1968');

With the above statement, "normal" becomes an alias for the existing Unicode::Map8 mapping name 'ANSI_X3.4-1968'.

  I18N::Charset::add_map8_alias('normal' => 'US-ASCII');

With the above statement, "normal" becomes an alias for the existing Unicode::Map mapping name 'ANSI_X3.4-1968' (which is what "US-ASCII" is an alias for).

  I18N::Charset::add_map8_alias('IBM297' => 'EBCDIC-CA-FR');

With the above statement, "IBM297" becomes an alias for the existing Unicode::Map mapping name 'EBCDIC-CA-FR'. As a side effect, all the aliases for 'IBM297' (i.e. 'cp297' and 'ebcdic-cp-fr') also become aliases for 'EBCDIC-CA-FR'.

add_umap_alias()

This function works identically to add_map8_alias() above, but operates on Unicode::Map encoding tables.

add_libi_alias()

This function takes two strings: a new alias, and a target iconv Character Set Name (or existing iconv alias). It defines the new alias to refer to that character set name (or to the character set name to which the existing alias refers).

Returns the target conversion scheme name of the successfully installed alias. Returns 'undef' if there is no such target conversion scheme or alias.

Examples:

  I18N::Charset::add_libi_alias('my-chinese1' => 'CN-GB');

With this code, "my-chinese1" becomes an alias for the existing iconv conversion scheme 'CN-GB'.

  I18N::Charset::add_libi_alias('my-chinese2' => 'EUC-CN');

With this code, "my-chinese2" becomes an alias for the iconv conversion scheme referred to by the existing alias 'EUC-CN' (which happens to be 'CN-GB').

add_enco_alias()

This function takes two strings: a new alias, and a target Encode encoding Name (or existing Encode alias). It defines the new alias referring to that encoding name (or to the encoding to which the existing alias refers).

Returns the target encoding name of the successfully installed alias. Returns 'undef' if there is no such encoding or alias.

Examples:

  I18N::Charset::add_enco_alias('my-japanese1' => 'jis0201-raw');

With this code, "my-japanese1" becomes an alias for the existing encoding 'jis0201-raw'.

  I18N::Charset::add_enco_alias('my-japanese2' => 'my-japanese1');

With this code, "my-japanese2" becomes an alias for the encoding referred to by the existing alias 'my-japanese1' (which happens to be 'jis0201-raw' after the previous call).

KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

SEE ALSO ^

Unicode::Map

Convert strings from various multi-byte character encodings to and from Unicode.

Unicode::Map8

Convert strings from various 8-bit character encodings to and from Unicode.

Jcode

Convert strings among various Japanese character encodings and Unicode.

Unicode::MapUTF8

A wrapper around all three of these character set conversion distributions.

AUTHOR ^

Martin 'Kingpin' Thurn, mthurn at cpan.org, http://tinyurl.com/nn67z.

LICENSE ^

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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