Nito Martinez > SNMP-MibProxy-1.0771 > mibProxy

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NAME ^

mibProxy

^

mibProxy [-f configtFile] [-p propertiesFile] [-i updateInterval]

Uses the protocol specified in the option pass_persist in snmpd.conf

mibProxy -h

Shows the help man page

mibProxy -v

shows the version

DESCRIPTION ^

The mibProxy is a utility script used as a pass_persist entry for the snmp daemon of NETSNMP.

The main operation is the following:

1) It receives a query of the form via stdin (see pass_persist in snmpd.conf). Alternatively it can also receive a "PING" which is answered by a "PONG". Any unknown request will be answered by a "NONE"

get

.1.3.6.1.4

2) It then tries to translate with the command "snmptranslate" the OID into string format. That is from ".1.3.6.1.4" to "private"

3) It then tries to find the property "private" in the properties specified. Assume that the following line exists in the config file

private=4

4) It then returns the following via stdout The main configuration comes from the configuration file (see the -f switch in the OPTIONS seciont).

.1.3.6.1.4

integer

4

OPTIONS ^

All the command line options override the options in the configuration file.

COMMAND LINE OPTIONS

-f configuration file

Indicates the configuration file. There is no corresponding configuration file option. The default value is ".logParser", "../etc/logParser.conf", "../conf/logParser.conf", "/etc/logParser.conf"

See Config::Find for the exact rules.

-p propertiesFile

Indicates in which file the properties of the values are stored for retrieval.

The corresponding configuration option is "propertiesFile"

-i updateInterval

Indicates with which frequency (in seconds) should the propertiesFile be reloaded. This only happens if a request is received. That is if no requests were received for the last 10 minutes and the updateInterval is 30 seconds then the file will be uploaded before the next request.

The corresponding configuration option is "updateInterval"

-h

Shows this help page

-v

Shows the version of the script.

CONFIG FILE OPTIONS

The configuration tag used is "mibProxy::Default"

log4perl

This option specifies the log4perl settings for logs. See the Log::Log4perl documentation.

REQUIREMENTS and LIMITATIONS ^

Currently not known...

EXAMPLE ^

This is a simple example to implement a MIB of one counter and table with two entries.

The steps are:

# Create the MIB
# Put the MIB in a place where SNMP can find it
# Copy the script to the target machine
# Edit snmpd.conf and add a MIB file
# Add the statistic file
# Test it

Create the MIB

the example MIB that we will use is a subset of the qindel-antivirus MIB:

 QINDEL-ANTIVIRUS DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN
        IMPORTS
                OBJECT-TYPE
                        FROM RFC-1212
                TRAP-TYPE
                        FROM RFC-1215
                DisplayString
                        FROM RFC1213-MIB
                TimeTicks, Counter, Gauge
                        FROM RFC1155-SMI
                qindel, project, antispam
                        FROM QINDEL;
        antivirus       OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { antispam 3 }
 
 infectedMessages OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX  Counter
    ACCESS  read-only
    STATUS  mandatory
    DESCRIPTION
            "The number of messages infected"
    ::= { antivirus 1 }
 
 virusFoundTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX  SEQUENCE OF virusFoundEntry
    ACCESS  not-accessible
    STATUS  mandatory
    DESCRIPTION
            "A list of virus found.  The number of
            entries is given by the value of differentVirusFound."
    ::= { antivirus 4 }
 
 virusFoundEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX  VirusFoundEntry
    ACCESS  not-accessible
    STATUS  mandatory
    DESCRIPTION
            "An virus entry containing the number of times
            that a particular virus has been found."
    INDEX   { virusFoundIndex }
    ::= { virusFoundTable 1 }
 
 AntispamMethodFrequencyEntry ::=
    SEQUENCE {
        virusFoundIndex   INTEGER,
        virusFoundDescr   DisplayString,
        virusFoundCounter Counter
    }
 
 virusFoundIndex  OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX  INTEGER
    ACCESS  read-only
    STATUS  mandatory
    DESCRIPTION
            "A unique value for each method.  Its value
            ranges between 1 and the value of 
            differentVirusFound. "
    ::= { virusFoundEntry 1 }
 
 virusFoundDescr  OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX  DisplayString (SIZE (0..255))
    ACCESS  read-only
    STATUS  mandatory
    DESCRIPTION
            "A textual string containing information about the
            virus, as it appears in the MailScanner log."
    ::= { virusFoundEntry 2 }
 
 virusFoundCounter  OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX  Counter
    ACCESS  read-only
    STATUS  mandatory
    DESCRIPTION
            "The total number of messages which have
             been identified cointaining the virus
             specified."
    ::= { virusFoundEntry 3 }
 
 END

Put the MIB in a place where SNMP can find it

This is usually /usr/share/snmp/mibs/ but it will depend on where your NET-SNMP is installed

Copy the script to the target machine

If you copy the script to /usr/local/bin/mibProxy be aware that the likely place to store the configuration file mibProxy.conf is /usr/local/etc/mibProxy

The configuration file could be something like:

 log4perl.logger.mibProxy.Default= DEBUG, A1
 #log4perl.appender.A1=Log::Log4perl::Appender::File
 log4perl.appender.A1=Log::Dispatch::FileRotate
 log4perl.appender.A1.filename=/usr/local/cricket2/var/log/mibProxy.log
 log4perl.appender.A1.DatePattern=yyyy-MM-dd-HH
 log4perl.appender.A1.mode=append
 log4perl.appender.A1.layout=Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout
 log4perl.appender.A1.layout.ConversionPattern=%d [%c] %m %n
 
 # propertiesFile
 # Indicates which file should be used to save %savespace hash
 # By default it is /var/lib/logparser/logParser.store
 # propertiesFile=/var/lib/logparser/logparser.properties
 propertiesFile=/var/lib/logparser/logparser.properties

Edit snmpd.conf and add a MIB file

Add the following line to snmpd.conf:

pass_persist .1.3.6.1.4.1.17171 /usr/local/bin/mibProxy

Add the statistic file

In the /var/lib/logparser/logparser.properties file add the following:

 infectedMessages=37
 virusFoundIndex.1=1
 virusFoundDescr.1="My simple test"
 virusFoundCounter.1=38
 virusFoundIndex.2=2
 virusFoundDescr.2="My simple test2"
 virusFoundCounter.2=39

Test it

Restart your SNMP agent and run an snmpwalk against it and see what happens...

INSTALLATION ^

Required Perl packages

The perl packages installed for this script are:

BUGS ^

TODO ^

SEE ALSO ^

snmpd.conf(5) man page for snmpd,

AUTHOR ^

Nito Martinez <Nito@Qindel.ES>

5/5/2005

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