Nicholas Perez > Data-Morph-1.113280 > Data::Morph

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Module Version: 1.113280   Source   Latest Release: Data-Morph-1.140400

NAME ^

Data::Morph - Morph data from one source to another

VERSION ^

version 1.113280

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Data::Morph;
    use Data::Morph::Backend::Object;
    use Data::Morph::Backend::Raw;

    {
        package Foo;
        use Moose;
        use namespace::autoclean;

        has foo => ( is => 'ro', isa => 'Int', default => 1,
            writer => 'set_foo' );
        has bar => ( is => 'rw', isa => 'Str', default => '123ABC');
        has flarg => ( is => 'rw', isa => 'Str', default => 'boo');
        1;
    }

    my $map1 =
    [
        {
            recto =>
            {
                read => 'foo',
                write => 'set_foo',
            },
            verso => '/FOO',
        },
        {
            recto =>
            {
                read => ['bar', sub { my ($f) = @_; $f =~ s/\d+//; $f } ],
                write => [ 'bar', sub { "123".shift(@_) } ], # pre write
            },
            verso => 
            {
                read => '/BAR|/bar',
                write => '/BAR',
            },
        },
        {
            recto => 'flarg',
            verso => '/some/path/goes/*[2]/here/flarg'
        },
    ];

    my $obj_backend = Data::Morph::Backend::Object->new(new_instance => sub {
        Foo->new() });
    my $raw_backend = Data::Morph::Backend::Raw->new();

    my $morpher = Data::Morph->new(
        recto => $obj_backend,
        verso => $raw_backend,
        map => $map1
    );

    my $foo1 = Foo->new();
    my $hash = $morpher->morph($foo1);
    my $foo2 = $morpher->morph($hash);

    # While not the same instance, the values of the attributes for $foo1 and
    #   $foo2 match

DESCRIPTION ^

Data::Morph is a module that provides a solution for translating data from one source to another via maps and backends. It is written such that data can be shifted both directions. The "SYNOPSIS" demonstrates a somewhat trivial example of using the Data::Morph::Backend::Object and Data::Morph::Backend::Raw that round trips the defaults out the Foo class to a hash and back again. Not shown is the other shipped backend Data::Morph::Backend::DBIC which operates on DBIx::Class::Row objects. If a more specialized backend is needed take a look at consuming Data::Morph::Role::Backend.

PUBLIC_ATTRIBUTES ^

recto

    is: ro, does: Data::Morph::Role::Backend, required: 1

One of the required backends necessary for data morphing. The term recto comes from the terms meaning front and back of a page in a bound item such as a book. The provided instance to this attribute via constructor argument will need to consume the Data::Morph::Role::Backend role.

Which backend that ends up in this slot or the "verso" slot doesn't really matter. Data morphing is a two way street of awesomeness that operates based on the type of the input.

verso

    is: ro, does: Data::Morph::Role::Backend, required: 1

One of the required backends necessary for data morphing. The term verso comes from the terms meaning front and back of a page in a bound item such as a book. The provided instance to this attribute via constructor argument will need to consume the Data::Morph::Role::Backend role.

Which backend that ends up in this slot or the "recto" slot doesn't really matter. Data morphing is a two way street of awesomeness that operates based on the type of the input.

map

    is: ro, isa: ArrayRef
    [
        Dict
        [
            verso =>
            (
                Str|Dict
                [
                    read => union( [Str, Tuple[Maybe[Str], CodeRef]] ),
                    write => Optional[Str|Tuple[Str, CodeRef]],
                ]
            ),
            recto =>
            (
                Str|Dict
                [
                    read => union( [Str, Tuple[Maybe[Str], CodeRef]] ),
                    write => Optional[Str|Tuple[Str, CodeRef]],
                ]
            )
        ]
    ],
    required: 1

In order to properly morph data from one source to another, a map needs to be provided that meets the above type constraint. It looks like a bunch of gobbledygook, but the structure and semantics are rather simple.

A map is nothing more than a array of hashes that define directives to the recto and verso stored backends. Each directive to a backend can define a simple string to indicate to use the same key for reading and writing values. Otherwise, a hash is used where the keys 'read' and 'write' are used. And if there should be a post or pre process that occurs for a read or write, respectively, the value for 'read' or 'write' should be an array of the directive and a coderef to be executed. The coderef will receive the value and only the value. The return value from the coderef will used post read or pre write.

The directives are specific to which ever backends are being used. Each has their own exepctation.

Quick example of a map between two object backends:

    my $map = [
        {
            recto => 
            {
                read => 'get_foo',
                write => 'set_foo',
            }
            verso => 'foo',
        },
        {
            recto =>
            {
                read => 'get_bar',
                write => [ 'set_bar', sub {
                    my $f = shift(@_); $f =~ s/^123//; $f }],
            }
            verso =>
            {
                read => 'bar',
                write => [ 'bar', sub { '123' . shift(@_) } ],
            }
        },
    ];

The recto side uses get_* and set_* methods (or attribute readers/writers), while the verso side uses a single method or attribute for reading and writing. Also note that the 'bar' value gets a string appended on the verso side that needs to be stripped before morphing back.

Each hash in the map array is executed in the order in which it is defined. This is important if there are order dependant operations.

If a data element only flows one way through the process, do not define a write element for the given recto/verso, but just a read element.

As an example, suppose the object on one side of the transaction needs a constant not provided by the incoming data. With read-only elements and a coderef, this constant can be provided:

    my $map = [
        {
            recto =>
            {
                read => 'get_foo',
                write => 'set_foo',
            },
            verso =>
            {
                read => [ 'some_key', sub { 42 } ],
            }
        }
    ];

Now when going verso -> recto with the data, for the 'foo' attribute on the object, it will always get the constant. When going recto -> verso, there is no write defined and so the element is skipped.

Please note that the value of 'some_key' will be discarded due to the post-read coderef. Setting the key to undef will ensure just the coderef is executed.

PRIVATE_ATTRIBUTES ^

morpher

    is: ro, isa: HashRef, builder: _build_morpher, lazy: 1

This attribute holds the precompiled hash of states used for the "match_on_type" in Moose::Util::TypeConstraints matching that takes place inside the "morph" method. The keys are the "input_type" in Data::Morph::Role::Backends defined in the backends, while the values are coderefs that generate an instance for the opposite side of the morph, read the values from the input, and writes the values into the new instance.

PUBLIC_METHODS ^

morph

    (Defined)

This method is where the magic happens. The passed in instance is subjected to "match_on_type" in Moose::Util::TypeConstraints with the value from "morpher" used as the potential execution branches. Whether it is recto -> verso or verso -> recto, the map is read and a return value produced.

AUTHOR ^

Nicholas R. Perez <nperez@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2011 by Nicholas R. Perez <nperez@cpan.org>.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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