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Module Version: 0.92   Source   Latest Release: Arepa-0.93

NAME ^

Arepa - Apt REPository Assistant

DESCRIPTION ^

Arepa (Apt REPository Assistant) is a suite of tools to manage a Debian package repository. It has the following features:

CONFIGURATION ^

To use Arepa, you first must decide how you want your repositories to look like, then configure Arepa to do what you want. The recommended way of configuring Arepa is:

Unfortunately, at this point there are a bunch of steps that aren't automated yet. This will hopefully improve in the future.

Each of the sections below explain each point in detail:

DECIDE DISTRIBUTIONS

First of all, you have to know which distribution(s) you want to manage. Typically, you would be interested in only one, maybe two. For the sake of the example, let's assume you want to manage two distributions: one called mysqueeze and mylenny. Each one of those will contain extra packages for the Debian distributions "squeeze" and "lenny" (so they will have to be compiled in those environments).

Once you have decided this, you also have to decide which aliases your distributions will have. This is useful because incoming packages for those alias distributions will work. For example, you probably want to accept incoming source packages meant for unstable, so you can say that unstable is an alias for mysqueeze.

Now, there's another possibility that you might want: having a source package compiled for several distributions. This doesn't always work of course, but it's useful in some cases. In this example, say that you want source packages meant for unstable compiled for both mysqueeze and mylenny. In that case, you can say that unstable is an alias for mysqueeze, then say that you want binNMUs for all other distributions you want the package compiled for.

Once you have the list of distributions, along with their aliases and possibly binNMUs triggers, you can go ahead to the next section.

CONFIGURE REPOSITORY

Once you have a clear idea of the distributions you want, you have to register them into your repository. To do that, simply call arepa-admin with the codename as first parameter and suite as second parameter (optional). By default it will create a distribution with one component main and two architectures (source and the current architecture as reported by dpkg-architecture -qDEB_BUILD_ARCH). You can change those defaults, and even add new fields (like AlsoAcceptFor and similar, see the reprepro manpage):

 arepa-admin createdistribution mysqueeze
 arepa-admin createdistribution --arch "amd64 source" mysqueeze
 arepa-admin createdistribution --components "main contrib" mysqueeze
 arepa-admin createdistribution --extra-field version:5.0 mysqueeze

This will update both /var/arepa/repository/conf/distributions and the repository itself (by calling reprepro export).

Note that the Codename should be the distribution name, and you can specify the first alias as the Suite. The rest of the aliases you can specify in a field AlsoAcceptFor, like so:

 arepa-admin createdistribution --extra-field "alsoacceptfor:squeeze stable" \
                                mysqueeze

Now, make sure you have GPG key for the special user arepa-master. That will be the GPG key used to sign the repository. To do so, simply type:

 # su - arepa-master
 $ gpg --gen-key

And follow the instructions. Make sure that key doesn't have a passphrase.

CONFIGURE WEB UI

The next step is to configure the web interface. Make sure that you can access the application from the URL path /arepa/arepa.cgi and that it works properly. You have a sample configuration file in apache.conf. If you have installed the Debian package, everything should be already in place, and the only step you should follow is:

 # a2ensite arepa

Other steps you have to follow in any case:

Note that your upload queue is by default at /var/arepa/upload-queue, but you can change it in the configuration file /etc/arepa/config.yml.

CREATE AUTOBUILDERS

Finally, you need to create an autobuilder for every combination of distribution and architecture you want (in this case, let's say mysqueeze/amd64 and mylenny/amd64). If you are in an amd64 environment, you can create a builder for the i386 architecture by passing the special option --arch i386 to arepa-admin createbuilder.

To create an autobuilder, simply execute this command as root:

 arepa-admin createbuilder BUILDERDIR \
                           ftp://ftp.XX.debian.org/debian \
                           DISTRIBUTION

For example:

 arepa-admin createbuilder /var/chroot/squeezebuilder \
                           ftp://ftp.no.debian.org/debian \
                           squeeze

That will create a builder running Debian squeeze in /var/chroot/squeezebuilder. Once it's ready, you might want to make sure that the /etc/apt/sources.list is correct.

IMPORTANT WARNING NOTE: once you have created a builder chroot, it will automatically bind certain files (/etc/passwd and others) from the "host" machine. So, if you rm -rf the chroot, you'll delete /etc/passwd in your machine. Make sure you "uninit" the builder first:

 arepa-admin uninit squeezebuilder

Check the output of mount before removing the builder just in case!

POINTS OF ENTRY ^

When Arepa is completely configured, you'll have the following "points of entry":

http://localhost/cgi-bin/arepa/arepa.cgi

The web interface to approve packages, check compilation status and have an overview of the repository contents.

http://localhost/arepa/repository

The repository itself. This is a "local" or "staging" copy that the autobuilders will use. As you probably don't want to serve the repository to your real users from the same machine that hosts CGIs and whatnot, you can easily send the repository to the final machine using arepa sync.

arepa

This utility allows you to inspect the compilation queue and insert new requests into it. Note that you're expected to run this utility as the arepa-master user, at least for some of the operations.

arepa-admin

This utility allows you to do certain "admin" operations that require root permissions, like creating new autobuilders. Must be run as root.

INCOMPATIBILITIES ^

At least binNMUs (binary NMUs) don't work with sbuild 0.59 (the version shipped with Ubuntu Lucid Lynx). Both 0.57 (Debian Lenny) and 0.60 (Debian Squeeze) should be fine, although you might get warnings in 0.60 due to the use of old-style configuration key names, needed for Debian Lenny compatibility.

AUTHOR ^

Esteban Manchado Velázquez <estebanm@opera.com>.

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT ^

This code is offered under the Open Source BSD license.

Copyright (c) 2010, Opera Software. All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ^

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

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