perlmv - Rename/move files using Perl code
This document describes version 0.48 of perlmv (from Perl distribution App-perlmv), released on 2015-01-07.
# Show help perlmv -h # Execute a single scriptlet perlmv [options] <scriptlet> <file...> # Execute code from command line perlmv [options] -e <code> <file...> # Execute multiple scriptlets/command-line codes perlmv [options] [ -x <scriptlet> | -e <code> ]+ <file...> # Create a new scriptlet perlmv -e <code> -w <name> # List available scriptlets perlmv -l # Show source code of a scriptlet perlmv -s <name> # Delete scriptlet perlmv -d <name>
$ ls -1 A.txt B1 c2.txt D3.pl D4.pl
Rename files with prewritten scriptlet (remove-common-prefix) and show (-v) each file as it is being renamed.
$ perlmv -v remove-common-prefix file1.jpg file2.zip files.txt `file1.jpg` -> `1.jpg` `file2.zip` -> `2.zip` `files.txt` -> `s.txt`
Specify script in command line (-e) but do not actually move files (-d, dry-run mode):
$ perlmv -de 's/\d+//g' * DRYRUN: `B1` -> `B` DRYRUN: `c2.txt` -> `c.txt` DRYRUN: `D3.pl` -> `D.pl` DRYRUN: `D4.pl` -> `D.pl.1`
Really rename the files this time:
$ perlmv -e 's/\d+//g' *
Execute multiple scriptlets and/or command-line code:
$ ls -1 a.txt b.html c.ini $ perlmv -vx to-number-ext -e '"file$_"' * `a.txt` -> `1.txt` -> `file1.txt` `b.html` -> `2.html` -> `file2.html` `c.ini` -> `3.ini` -> `file3.ini`
Save Perl code as scriptlet (in ~/.perlmv/scriptlets/):
$ perlmv -e 's/\d+//g' -w remove-digits
List all scriptlets (add -v to also show their contents):
$ perlmv -l lc uc remove-digits
Show (-s) source code of scriptlet:
$ perlmv -s remove-digits s/\d+//g
Remove (-D) scriptlet:
$ perlmv -D remove-digits
From my real-world usage.
Rename .flv partial files from my Firefox browser cache into ordered names (part01.flv, part02.flv, and so on):
$ ls --sort=t -r *01 | xargs perlmv -Tdx to-number-ext -e '"part$_.flv"' DRYRUN: `15D9F85Ad01` -> `01` -> `part01.flv` DRYRUN: `FF8EB240d01` -> `02` -> `part02.flv` DRYRUN: `9031E9A8d01` -> `03` -> `part03.flv` ...
Perlmv lets you rename/move files using Perl code. All the Perl code needs to do is modify the filename in
$_ (or just return a value) and perlmv will do the rest (actual renaming, recursive renaming, handling filename conflicts, dry-run mode, etc.).
New filename will be taken from the new value of $_ (if it is modified) or the last expression. So '$_ = lc' and 'lc' are equivalent.
The following variables are also available to the Perl code:
The list of items to be processed. The Perl code is not supposed to modify this value.
The filename of item (without path). The Perl code is not supposed to modify this value.
The directory of item (absolute path). The Perl code is not supposed to modify this value.
The name of parent (containing) directory of the item (without path). The Perl code is not supposed to modify this value.
Perl code will first be run (eval-ed) once at the beginning for testing, with
-TEST as the filename in
$TESTING will be set to true). Perl code is not run under strict/warnings. Perl code is run under
When using the App::perlmv library, there is also the the so-called cleaning phase (in which Perl code will be run with $CLEANING set to true) that can be used for cleaning purposes in between runs. This is however irrelevant to perlmv command as there is only a single run.
Perl code can be specified directly from the command line (using -e), or by name in
~/.perlmv/scriptlets/NAME, or in
/usr/share/perlmv/scriptlets/, or in
%scriptlets in App::perlmv::scriptlets, or in
%scriptlets in App::perlmv::scriptlets::std.
-c (--compile) Only test compile code, do not run it on the arguments -D <NAME> (--delete) Delete scriptlet -d (--dry-run) Dry-run (implies -v) -e <CODE> (--execute) Specify Perl code to rename file (\$_). Can be specified multiple times. -f (--files) Only process files, do not process directories -h (--help) Show this help -l (--list) list all scriptlets -M <MODE> (--mode) Specify mode, default is 'rename' (or 'r'). Use 'copy' or 'c' to copy instead of rename, 'symlink' or 's' to create a symbolic link, and 'link' or 'l' to create a (hard) link. -o (--overwrite) Overwrite (by default, ".1", ".2", and so on will be appended to avoid overwriting existing files) -p (--parents) Create intermediate directories -R (--recursive) Recursive -r (--reverse) reverse order of processing (by default asciibetically) -S (--no-symlinks) Do not process symlinks -s <NAME> (--show) Show source code for scriptlet -T (--no-sort) do not sort files (default is sort ascibetically) -V (--version) Print version and exit -v (--verbose) Verbose -w <NAME> (--write) Write code specified in -e as scriptlet -x <NAME> Execute a scriptlet. Can be specified multiple times. -x is optional if there is only one scriptlet to execute, and scriptlet name is specified as the first argument, and there is no -e specified.
Yes, there is a very similar script called prename (also accessible via rename in Debian) which comes with Perl. This script reinvents prename and offers more features, e.g.: automatic renaming in case of conflicts, recursive mode, and saving and loading scriptlets.
Okay, you got me. I didn't do my homework. The "rename files using Perl code/expression" is pretty obvious and has surely come up on other CPAN authors' minds. To be honest, this is a script which I wrote years ago (at least in 2003, or earlier) and have been using for years, personally. Admittedly I uploaded this script to CPAN without careful checking of existing solutions on CPAN. But then, lots of other CPAN modules are also overlapping in functionality with one another.
Anyway, I plan to improve perlmv as I see fit, mainly for my own needs. I plan to borrow some features from prename/pmv, and welcome them borrowing features from perlmv. I welcome patches. And I am willing to submit patches to prename/pmv after some discussions with the respective authors. And lastly, I am also open to the idea of merging perlmv to either pername/pmv, if I can get all the features I love in perlmv into those projects.
Please visit the project's homepage at https://metacpan.org/release/App-perlmv.
Source repository is at https://github.com/perlancar/perl-App-perlmv.
Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=App-perlmv
When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.
This software is copyright (c) 2015 by email@example.com.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.