Paul Evans > IO-Ppoll-0.11 > IO::Ppoll

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NAME ^

IO::Ppoll - Object interface to Linux's ppoll() call

SYNOPSIS ^

 use IO::Ppoll qw( POLLIN POLLOUT );
 use POSIX qw( sigprocmask SIG_BLOCK SIGHUP );

 my $ppoll = IO::Ppoll->new();
 $ppoll->mask( $input_handle => POLLIN );
 $ppoll->mask( $output_handle => POLLOUT );

 $SIG{HUP} = sub { print "SIGHUP happened\n"; };
 sigprocmask( SIG_BLOCK, POSIX::SigSet->new( SIGHUP ), undef );

 # If a SIGHUP happens, it can only happen during this poll
 $ppoll->poll( $timeout );

 $input_ev = $poll->events( $input_handle );

DESCRIPTION ^

IO::Ppoll is a simple interface to Linux's ppoll() system call. It provides an interface that is drop-in compatible with IO::Poll. The object stores a signal mask that will be in effect during the actual ppoll() system call and has additional methods for manipulating the signal mask.

The ppoll() system call atomically switches the process's signal mask to that provided by the call, waits identically to poll(), then switches it back again. This allows a program to safely wait on either file handle IO or signals, without needing such tricks as a self-connected pipe or socket.

The usual way in which this is used is to block the signals the application is interested in during the normal running of code. Whenever the ppoll() wait is entered the process signal mask will be switched to that stored in the object. If there are any pending signals, the Linux kernel will then deliver them and make ppoll() return -1 with errno set to EINTR. If no signals are pending, it will wait as a normal poll() would. This guarantees the signals will only be delivered during the ppoll() wait, when it would be safe to do so.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

$ppoll = IO::Ppoll->new()

Returns a new instance of an IO::Ppoll object. It will contain no file handles and its signal mask will be empty.

METHODS ^

$mask = $ppoll->mask( $handle )

Returns the current mask bits for the given IO handle

$ppoll->mask( $handle, $newmask )

Sets the mask bits for the given IO handle. If $newmask is 0, the handle will be removed.

$ret = $ppoll->poll( $timeout )

Call the ppoll() system call. If $timeout is not supplied then no timeout value will be passed to the system call. Returns the result of the system call, which is the number of filehandles that have non-zero events, 0 on timeout, or -1 if an error occurred (including being interrupted by a signal). If -1 is returned, $! will contain the error.

$bits = $ppoll->events( $handle )

Returns the event mask which represents the events that happened on the filehandle during the last call to poll().

$ppoll->remove( $handle )

Removes the handle from the list of file descriptors for the next poll.

@handles = $ppoll->handles( $bits )

Returns a list of handles. If $bits is not given then all of the handles will be returned. If $bits is given then the list will only contain handles which reported at least one of the bits specified during the last poll() call.

$sigset = $ppoll->sigmask

Returns the POSIX::SigSet object in which the signal mask is stored. Since this is a reference to the object the IO::Ppoll object uses, any modifications made to it will be reflected in the signal mask given to the ppoll() system call.

$ppoll->sigmask( $newsigset )

Sets the POSIX::SigSet object in which the signal mask is stored. Usually this is not required, as a new IO::Ppoll is initialised with an empty set, and the sigmask_add() and sigmask_del() methods can be used to modify it.

$ppoll->sigmask_add( @signals )

Adds the given signals to the signal mask. These signals will be blocked during the poll() call.

$ppoll->sigmask_del( @signals )

Removes the given signals from the signal mask. These signals will not be blocked during the poll() call, and may be delivered while poll() is waiting.

$present = $ppoll->sigmask_ismember( $signal )

Tests if the given signal is present in the signal mask.

SEE ALSO ^

AUTHOR ^

Paul Evans <leonerd@leonerd.org.uk>

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