Paul Evans > Net-Async-CassandraCQL-0.09 > Net::Async::CassandraCQL

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Module Version: 0.09   Source   Latest Release: Net-Async-CassandraCQL-0.11

NAME ^

Net::Async::CassandraCQL - use Cassandra databases with IO::Async using CQL

SYNOPSIS ^

 use IO::Async::Loop;
 use Net::Async::CassandraCQL;
 use Protocol::CassandraCQL qw( CONSISTENCY_QUORUM );

 my $loop = IO::Async::Loop->new;

 my $cass = Net::Async::CassandraCQL->new(
    host => "localhost",
    keyspace => "my-keyspace",
    default_consistency => CONSISTENCY_QUORUM,
 );
 $loop->add( $cass );


 $cass->connect->get;


 my @f;
 foreach my $number ( 1 .. 100 ) {
    push @f, $cass->query( "INSERT INTO numbers (v) VALUES $number" );
 }
 Future->needs_all( @f )->get;


 my $get_stmt = $cass->prepare( "SELECT v FROM numbers" )->get;

 my ( undef, $result ) = $get_stmt->execute( [] )->get;

 foreach my $row ( $result->rows_hash ) {
    say "We have a number " . $row->{v};
 }

DESCRIPTION ^

This module allows use of the CQL3 interface of a Cassandra database. It fully supports asynchronous operation via IO::Async, allowing both direct queries and prepared statements to be managed concurrently, if required. Alternatively, as the interface is entirely based on Future objects, it can be operated synchronously in a blocking fashion by simply awaiting each individual operation by calling the get method.

It is based on Protocol::CassandraCQL, which more completely documents the behaviours and limits of its ability to communicate with Cassandra.

PARAMETERS ^

The following named parameters may be passed to new or configure:

host => STRING

The hostname of the Cassandra node to connect to

service => STRING

Optional. The service name or port number to connect to.

username => STRING
password => STRING

Optional. Authentication details to use for PasswordAuthenticator.

keyspace => STRING

Optional. If set, a USE keyspace query will be issued as part of the connect method.

default_consistency => INT

Optional. Default consistency level to use if none is provided to query or execute.

primaries => INT

Optional. The number of primary node connections to maintain. Defaults to 1 if not specified.

prefer_dc => STRING

Optional. If set, prefer to pick primary nodes from the given data center, only falling back on others if there are not enough available.

METHODS ^

$str = $cass->quote( $str )

Quotes a string argument suitable for inclusion in an immediate CQL query string.

In general, it is better to use a prepared query and pass the value as an execute parameter though.

$str = $cass->quote_identifier( $str )

Quotes an identifier name suitable for inclusion in a CQL query string.

$cass->connect( %args ) ==> ()

Connects to the Cassandra node and starts up the connection. The returned Future will yield nothing on success.

Takes the following named arguments:

host => STRING
service => STRING

A host name is required, either as a named argument or as a configured value on the object. If the service name is missing, the default CQL port will be used instead.

$cass->query( $cql, $consistency ) ==> ( $type, $result )

Performs a CQL query. On success, the values returned from the Future will depend on the type of query.

For USE queries, the type is keyspace and $result is a string giving the name of the new keyspace.

For CREATE, ALTER and DROP queries, the type is schema_change and $result is a 3-element ARRAY reference containing the type of change, the keyspace and the table name.

For SELECT queries, the type is rows and $result is an instance of Protocol::CassandraCQL::Result containing the returned row data.

For other queries, such as INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE, the future returns nothing.

$cass->query_rows( $cql, $consistency ) ==> $result

A shortcut wrapper for query which expects a rows result and returns it directly. Any other result is treated as an error. The returned Future returns a Protocol::CassandraCQL::Result directly

$cass->prepare( $cql ) ==> $query

Prepares a CQL query for later execution. On success, the returned Future yields an instance of a prepared query object (see below).

Query objects stored internally cached by the CQL string; subsequent calls to prepare with the same exact CQL string will yield the same object immediately, saving a roundtrip.

$cass->execute( $query, $data, $consistency ) ==> ( $type, $result )

Executes a previously-prepared statement, given the binding data. On success, the returned Future will yield results of the same form as the query method. $data should contain a list of encoded byte-string values.

Normally this method is not directly required - instead, use the execute method on the query object itself, as this will encode the parameters correctly.

CONVENIENT WRAPPERS ^

The following wrapper methods all wrap the basic query operation.

$cass->schema_keyspaces ==> $result

A shortcut to a SELECT query on system.schema_keyspaces, which returns a result object listing all the keyspaces.

Exact details of the returned columns will depend on the Cassandra version, but the result should at least be keyed by the first column, called keyspace_name.

 my $keyspaces = $result->rowmap_hash( "keyspace_name" )

$cass->schema_columnfamilies( $keyspace ) ==> $result

A shortcut to a SELECT query on system.schema_columnfamilies, which returns a result object listing all the columnfamilies of the given keyspace.

Exact details of the returned columns will depend on the Cassandra version, but the result should at least be keyed by the first column, called columnfamily_name.

 my $columnfamilies = $result->rowmap_hash( "columnfamily_name" )

$cass->schema_columns( $keyspace, $columnfamily ) ==> $result

A shortcut to a SELECT query on system.schema_columns, which returns a result object listing all the columns of the given columnfamily.

Exact details of the returned columns will depend on the Cassandra version, but the result should at least be keyed by the first column, called column_name.

 my $columns = $result->rowmap_hash( "column_name" )

TODO ^

SPONSORS ^

This code was paid for by

AUTHOR ^

Paul Evans <leonerd@leonerd.org.uk>

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