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Robert 'phaylon' Sedlacek > namespace-clean-0.05 > namespace::clean



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Module Version: 0.05   Source   Latest Release: namespace-clean-0.27


namespace::clean - Keep imports and functions out of your namespace




  package Foo;
  use warnings;
  use strict;

  use Carp qw(croak);   # 'croak' will be removed

  sub bar { 23 }        # 'bar' will be removed

  # remove all previously defined functions
  use namespace::clean;

  sub baz { bar() }     # 'baz' still defined, 'bar' still bound

  # begin to collection function names from here again
  no namespace::clean;

  sub quux { baz() }    # 'quux' will be removed

  # remove all functions defined after the 'no' unimport
  use namespace::clean;

  # Will print: 'No', 'No', 'Yes' and 'No'
  print +(__PACKAGE__->can('croak') ? 'Yes' : 'No'), "\n";
  print +(__PACKAGE__->can('bar')   ? 'Yes' : 'No'), "\n";
  print +(__PACKAGE__->can('baz')   ? 'Yes' : 'No'), "\n";
  print +(__PACKAGE__->can('quux')  ? 'Yes' : 'No'), "\n";



When you define a function, or import one, into a Perl package, it will naturally also be available as a method. This does not per se cause problems, but it can complicate subclassing and, for example, plugin classes that are included via multiple inheritance by loading them as base classes.

The namespace::clean pragma will remove all previously declared or imported symbols at the end of the current package's compile cycle. Functions called in the package itself will still be bound by their name, but they won't show up as methods on your class or instances.

By unimporting via no you can tell namespace::clean to start collecting functions for the next use namespace::clean; specification.

You can use the -except flag to tell namespace::clean that you don't want it to remove a certain function or method. A common use would be a module exporting an import method along with some functions:

  use ModuleExportingImport;
  use namespace::clean -except => [qw( import )];

If you just want to -except a single sub, you can pass it directly. For more than one value you have to use an array reference.


You shouldn't need to call any of these. Just use the package at the appropriate place.


Makes a snapshot of the current defined functions and registers a Filter::EOF cleanup routine to remove those symbols at the end of the compile-time.


This method will be called when you do a

  no namespace::clean;

It will start a new section of code that defines functions to clean up.


This returns a reference to a hash in a passed package containing information about function names included and excluded from removal.


Takes a class as argument and returns all currently defined functions in it as a hash reference with the function name as key and a typeglob reference to the symbol as value.


This module works through the effect that a

  delete $SomePackage::{foo};

will remove the foo symbol from $SomePackage for run time lookups (e.g., method calls) but will leave the entry alive to be called by already resolved names in the package itself. namespace::clean will restore and therefor in effect keep all glob slots that aren't CODE.

A test file has been added to the perl core to ensure that this behaviour will be stable in future releases.

Just for completeness sake, if you want to remove the symbol completely, use undef instead.




Robert 'phaylon' Sedlacek <>, with many thanks to Matt S Trout for the inspiration on the whole idea.


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as perl itself.

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