Fred Moyer > mod_perl > APR::URI

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NAME ^

APR::URI - Perl API for URI manipulations

Synopsis ^

  use APR::URI ();
  
  my $url = 'http://user:pass@example.com:80/foo?bar#item5';
  
  # parse and break the url into components
  my $parsed = APR::URI->parse($r->pool, $url);
  print $parsed->scheme;
  print $parsed->user;
  print $parsed->password;
  print $parsed->hostname;
  print $parsed->port;
  print $parsed->path;
  print $parsed->rpath;
  print $parsed->query;
  print $parsed->fragment;
  
  # reconstruct the url, after changing some components and completely
  # removing other
  $parsed->scheme($new_scheme);
  $parsed->user(undef);
  $parsed->password(undef);
  $parsed->hostname($new_hostname);
  $parsed->port($new_port);
  $parsed->path($new_path);
  $parsed->query(undef);
  $parsed->fragment(undef);
  print $parsed->unparse;
  
  # get the password field too (by default it's not revealed)
  use APR::Const -compile => qw(URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD);
  print $parsed->unparse(APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD);
  
  # what the default port for the ftp protocol?
  my $ftp_port = APR::URI::port_of_scheme("ftp");

Description ^

APR::URI allows you to parse URI strings, manipulate each of the URI elements and deparse them back into URIs.

All APR::URI object accessors accept a string or an undef value as an argument. Same goes for return value. It's important to distinguish between an empty string and undef. For example let's say your code was:

  my $uri = 'http://example.com/foo?bar#item5';
  my $parsed = APR::URI->parse($r->pool, $uri);

Now you no longer want to the query and fragment components in the final url. If you do:

  $parsed->fragment('');
  $parsed->query('');

followed by:

  my $new_uri = parsed->unparse;

the resulting URI will be:

  http://example.com/foo?#

which is probably not something that you've expected. In order to get rid of the separators, you must completely unset the fields you don't want to see. So, if you do:

  $parsed->fragment(undef);
  $parsed->query(undef);

followed by:

  my $new_uri = parsed->unparse;

the resulting URI will be:

   http://example.com/foo

As mentioned earlier the same goes for return values, so continuing this example:

  my $new_fragment = $parsed->fragment();
  my $new_query    = $parsed->query();

Both values now contain undef, therefore you must be careful when using the return values, when you use them, as you may get warnings.

Also make sure you read through the unparse() section as various optional flags affect how the deparsed URI is rendered.

API ^

APR::URI provides the following functions and/or methods:

fragment

Get/set trailing "#fragment" string

  $oldval = $parsed->fragment($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

hostinfo

Get/set combined [user[:password]@]host[:port]

  $oldval = $parsed->hostinfo($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

The hostinfo value is set automatically when parse() is called.

It's not updated if any of the individual fields is modified.

It's not used when unparse() is called.

hostname

Get/set hostname

  $oldval = $parsed->hostname($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

password

Get/set password (as in http://user:password@host:port/)

  $oldval = $parsed->password($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

parse

Parse the URI string into URI components

  $parsed = APR::URI->parse($pool, $uri);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object or class )
arg1: $pool ( string ) ( APR::Pool object )
arg2: $uri ( string )

The URI to parse

ret: $parsed ( APR::URI object or class )

The parsed URI object

since: 2.0.00

After parsing, if a component existed but was an empty string (e.g. empty query http://hostname/path?) -- the corresponding accessor will return an empty string. If a component didn't exist (e.g. no query part http://hostname/path) -- the corresponding accessor will return undef.

path

Get/set the request path

  $oldval = $parsed->path($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )

"/" if only scheme://host

since: 2.0.00

rpath

Gets the path minus the path_info

  $rpath =  $parsed->rpath();
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )

The path minus the path_info

since: 2.0.00

port

Get/set port number

  $oldval = $parsed->port($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( number or string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )

If the port component didn't appear in the parsed URI, APR internally calls port_of_scheme() to find out the port number for the given scheme().

since: 2.0.00

port_of_scheme

Return the default port for a given scheme. The recognized schemes are http, ftp, https, gopher, wais, nntp, snews and prospero.

  $port = APR::URI::port_of_scheme($scheme);
obj: $scheme ( string )

The scheme string

ret: $port (integer)

The default port for this scheme

since: 2.0.00

query

Get/set the query string (the part starting after '?' and all the way till the end or the '#fragment' part if the latter exists).

  $oldval = $parsed->query($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

scheme

Get/set the protocol scheme ("http", "ftp", ...)

  $oldval = $parsed->scheme($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

user

Get/set user name (as in http://user:password@host:port/)

  $oldval = $parsed->user($newval);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

unparse

Unparse the URI components back into a URI string

  $new_uri = $parsed->unparse();
  $new_uri = $parsed->unparse($flags);
obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $flags ( the APR::Const :uri constants )

By default the constant APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD is passed.

If you need to pass more than one flag use unary |, e.g.:

  $flags = APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITUSER|APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD;

The valid flags constants are listed next

ret: $new_uri ( string )
since: 2.0.00

Valid flags constants:

To import all URI constants you could do:

  use APR::Const -compile => qw(:uri);

but there is a significant amount of them, most irrelevant to this method. Therefore you probably don't want to do that. Instead specify explicitly the ones that you need. All the relevant to this method constants start with APR::URI_UNP_.

And the available constants are:

APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITSITEPART

Don't show scheme, user, password, hostname and port components (i.e. if you want only the relative URI)

APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITUSER

Hide the user component

APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD

Hide the password component (the default)

APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD

Reveal the password component

APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPATHINFO

Don't show path, query and fragment components

APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITQUERY

Don't show query and fragment components

Notice that some flags overlap.

If the optional $flags argument is passed and contains no APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD and no APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD -- the password part will be rendered as a literal "XXXXXXXX" string.

If the port number matches the port_of_scheme(), the unparsed URI won't include it and there is no flag to force that port to appear. If the port number is non-standard it will show up in the unparsed string.

Examples:

Starting with the parsed URL:

  use APR::URI ();
  my $url = 'http://user:pass@example.com:80/foo?bar#item5';
  my $parsed = APR::URI->parse($r->pool, $url);

deparse it back including and excluding parts, using different values for the optional flags argument:

See Also ^

Apache2::URI, mod_perl 2.0 documentation.

Copyright ^

mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache Software License, Version 2.0.

Authors ^

The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors.

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