Alex Efros > Text-MiniTmpl-1.1.1 > Text::MiniTmpl

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Module Version: 1.1.1   Source   Latest Release: Text-MiniTmpl-1.1.2

NAME ^

Text::MiniTmpl - Compile and render templates

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Text::MiniTmpl qw( render );

    $html1 = render('template.html', %params1);
    $html2 = render('template.html', %params2);

DESCRIPTION ^

Compile templates with embedded perl code into anonymous subroutines. These subroutines can be (optionally) cached, and executed to render these templates with (optional) parameters.

Perl code in templates will be executed with:

    package PACKAGE_WHERE_render_OR_tmpl2code_WAS_CALLED;
    use warnings;
    use strict;

Recursion in templates is supported (you can call render() or tmpl2code() inside template to "include" another template inside current one). Path name to included template can be set in several ways:

When you render top-level template (i.e. call render() from your script, not inside some template) paths 'file' and './file' , 'dir/file' and './dir/file' are same.

Correctly report compile errors in templates, with template name and line number.

Unicode support

Files with templates should be in UTF8. Parameters for templates should be perl Unicode scalars. Rendered template (returned by render() or by function returned by tmpl2code()) will be in UTF8.

You can disable it using raw(1) (see below) to get more speed.

Source Filters support

Probably not all filters will work inside templates - keep in mind filter will see autogenerated (by tmpl2code()) perl function's code instead of plain template text. See `perldoc perlfilter` for more details.

Example:

    &~ use Filter::CommaEquals; ~&
    &~ @{ $_{users} } ,= 'GHOST' ~&
    &~ for (@{ $_{users} }) { ~&
    <p>Hello, @~ $_ ~@!</p>
    &~ } ~&

Template syntax

Any template become perl function after parsing. This function will accept it parameters in %_ (it start with local %_ = @_; ). Of course, you can use my() and local() variables in template (their scope will be full template, not only placeholder's block where they was defined).

&~ PERL CODE ~&
<!--& PERL CODE -->

Execute PERL CODE but don't output anything.

@~ PERL CODE ~@

Execute PERL CODE and output it result (last calculated expression) escaped using HTML::Entities::encode_entities().

^~ PERL CODE ~^

Execute PERL CODE and output it result (last calculated expression) escaped using URI::Escape::uri_escape_utf8().

#~ PERL CODE ~#

Execute PERL CODE and output it result (last calculated expression) AS IS, without any escaping.

any other text ...

... will be output AS IS

Example templates:

    To: #~ $_{email} ~#
    Hello, #~ $username ~#. Here is items your asked for:
    &~ for (@{ $_{items} }) { ~&
        #~ $_ ~#
    &~ } ~&

    ---cut header.html---
    <html>
    <head><title>@~ $_{pagetitle} ~@</title></head>
    <body>

    ---cut index.html---
    #~ render('header.html', pagetitle=>'Home') ~#
    <p>Hello, @~ $_{username} ~@.</p>
    &~ # In HTML you may prefer <!--& instead of &~ for code blocks ~&
    <!--& for (@{ $_{topics} }) { -->
    <a href="news.cgi?topic=^~ $_ ~^&user=^~ $_{user} ~^">
        News about @~ $_ ~@
    </a>
    <!--& } -->
    #~ render('footer.html') ~#

    ---cut footer.html---
    </body>
    </html>

EXPORTS ^

Nothing by default, but all documented functions can be explicitly imported.

INTERFACE ^

render( $filename, %params )

Render template from $filename with %params.

This is caching wrapper around tmpl2code(), which avoid calling tmpl2code() second time for same $filename.

Example:

    $html = render( 'template/index.html',
        title   => $title,
        name    => $name,
    );

Return STRING with rendered template.

tmpl2code( $filename )

Read template from $filename (may be absolute or relative to current template's directory or current working directory - see "DESCRIPTION"), compile it into ANON function.

This function can be executed with ( %params ) parameters, it will render $filename template with given %params and return SCALARREF to rendered text.

Example:

    $code = tmpl2code( 'template/index.html' );
    $html = ${ $code->( title=>$title, name=>$name ) };

Return CODEREF to that function.

raw( $is_raw )

If $is_raw TRUE disable Unicode support. To enable Unicode again call raw() with $is_raw FALSE.

Disabling Unicode support will speedup this module in about 1.5 times!

When Unicode support disabled your parameters used to render template will be used in template AS IS, without attempt to encode them to UTF8. This mean you shouldn't use perl Unicode scalars in these parameters anymore.

This affect only templates processed by tmpl2code() after calling raw() (beware caching effect of render()).

encode_js( $scalar )

Encode $scalar (string or number) for inserting into JavaScript code (usually inside HTML templates).

Example:

    <script>
    var int_from_perl =  #~ encode_js($number) ~#;
    var str_from_perl = '#~ encode_js($string) ~#';
    </script>

Return encoded string.

encode_js_data( $complex )

Encode $complex data structure (HASHREF, ARRAYREF, etc. - any data type supported by JSON::XS) for inserting into JavaScript code (usually inside HTML templates).

Example:

    <script>
    var hash_from_perl  = #~ encode_js_data( \%hash ) ~#;
    var array_from_perl = #~ encode_js_data( \@array ) ~#;
    </script>

Return encoded string.

SPEED AND SIZE ^

This module implemented under 100 lines (about 3KB) of pure Perl code. And while code is terse enough, I believe it still simple and clean.

While this is pure-perl module with many enough features, it's still very fast - you can do your own benchmarking using cool Template::Benchmark module, here is results from my system:

instance_reuse

This test simulate standard FastCGI which read template from HDD and compile it only once (when this template requested first time), and for next requests it just render it using cached anon subroutine.

            Rate   XS?
    TT        29/s  -  Template::Toolkit (2.22)
    TT_X      95/s  Y  Template::Toolkit (2.22) with Stash::XS
    HM       704/s  -  HTML::Mason (1.45)
    TeCS     738/s  Y  Text::ClearSilver (0.10.5.4)
    TeMT    1131/s  -  Text::MicroTemplate (0.18)
    TeMMHM  1173/s  -  Text::MicroMason (2.12) using Text::MicroMason::HTMLMason
  * TMTU    1357/s  -  Text::MiniTmpl (1.1.0) with enabled Unicode
    MoTe    1629/s  -  Mojo::Template ()
  * TMT     2054/s  -  Text::MiniTmpl (1.1.0)
    TeClev  5966/s  Y  Text::Clevery (0.0004) in XS mode
    TeXs    6761/s  Y  Text::Xslate (0.2015)
uncached_disk

This test simulate standard CGI which read template from HDD, compile and render it on each run - no caches used at all (except HDD files caching by OS).

            Rate   XS?
    TeXs     1.4/s  Y  Text::Xslate (0.2015)
    TeClev   1.5/s  Y  Text::Clevery (0.0004) in XS mode
    HM      12.6/s  -  HTML::Mason (1.45)
    MoTe    21.0/s  -  Mojo::Template ()
    TeMT    32.1/s  -  Text::MicroTemplate (0.18)
    TeMMHM  36.2/s  -  Text::MicroMason (2.12) using Text::MicroMason::HTMLMason
  * TMTU    54.1/s  -  Text::MiniTmpl (1.1.0) with enabled Unicode
  * TMT     67.9/s  -  Text::MiniTmpl (1.1.0)
    TeTmpl   448/s  Y  Text::Tmpl (0.33)
    TeCS     725/s  Y  Text::ClearSilver (0.10.5.4)
    HTP     1422/s  Y  HTML::Template::Pro (0.9504)

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

No bugs have been reported.

SUPPORT ^

Please report any bugs or feature requests through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Text-MiniTmpl. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

You can also look for information at:

AUTHOR ^

Alex Efros <powerman-asdf@ya.ru>

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright 2007-2010 Alex Efros <powerman-asdf@ya.ru>.

This program is distributed under the MIT (X11) License: http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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