Markus Schräder > POE-Filter-SSL-0.27 > POE::Filter::SSL

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Module Version: 0.27   Source   Latest Release: POE-Filter-SSL-0.28

NAME ^

POE::Filter::SSL - The easiest and flexiblest way to SSL in POE!

VERSION ^

Version 0.27

DESCRIPTION ^

This module allows to secure connections of POE::Wheel::ReadWrite with OpenSSL by a POE::Filter object, and behaves (beside of SSLing) as POE::Filter::Stream.

POE::Filter::SSL can be added, switched and removed during runtime, for example if you want to initiate SSL (see the SSL on an established connection example in SYNOPSIS) on an already established connection. You are able to combine POE::Filter::SSL with other filters, for example have a HTTPS server together with POE::Filter::HTTPD (see the HTTPS-Server example in SYNOPSIS).

POE::Filter::SSL is based on Net::SSLeay, but got two XS functions which Net::SSLeay is missing.

Features

Full non-blocking processing

No use of sockets at all

Server and client mode

Optional client certificate verification

Allows to accept connections with invalid or missing client certificate and return custom error data

CRL check of client certificates

Retrieve client certificate details (subject name, issuer name, certificate serial)

Upcoming Features

Direct cipher encryption without SSL or TLS protocol, for example with static AES encryption

SYNOPSIS ^

By default POE::Filter::SSL acts as a SSL server. To use it in client mode you just have to set the client option of new().

TCP-Client
  #!perl

  use warnings;
  use strict;

  use POE qw(Component::Client::TCP Filter::SSL);

  POE::Component::Client::TCP->new(
    RemoteAddress => "yahoo.com",
    RemotePort    => 443,
    Filter        => [ "POE::Filter::SSL", client => 1 ],
    Connected     => sub {
      $_[HEAP]{server}->put("HEAD /\r\n\r\n");
    },
    ServerInput   => sub {
      print "from server: ".$_[ARG0]."\n";
    },
  );

  POE::Kernel->run();
  exit;
TCP-Server
  #!perl

  use warnings;
  use strict;

  use POE qw(Component::Server::TCP);

  POE::Component::Server::TCP->new(
    Port => 443,
    ClientFilter => [ "POE::Filter::SSL", crt => 'server.crt', key => 'server.key' ],
    ClientConnected => sub {
      print "got a connection from $_[HEAP]{remote_ip}\n";
      $_[HEAP]{client}->put("Smile from the server!\r\n");
    },
    Alias => "tcp",
    ClientInput => sub {
      my ($kernel, $session, $heap) = @_[KERNEL, SESSION, HEAP];
      $_[HEAP]{client}->put("You sent:\r\n".$_[ARG0]);
      $_[KERNEL]->yield("shutdown");
    },
  );

  POE::Kernel->run;
  exit;
HTTPS-Server
  use POE::Filter::SSL;
  use POE::Component::Server::HTTP;
  use HTTP::Status;
  my $aliases = POE::Component::Server::HTTP->new(
    Port => 443,
    ContentHandler => {
      '/' => \&handler,
      '/dir/' => sub { return; },
      '/file' => sub { return; }
    },
    Headers => { Server => 'My Server' },
    PreFilter => POE::Filter::SSL->new(
      crt    => 'server.crt',
      key    => 'server.key',
      cacrt  => 'ca.crt'
    )
  );

  sub handler {
    my ($request, $response) = @_;
    $response->code(RC_OK);
    $response->content("Hi, you fetched ". $request->uri);
    return RC_OK;
  }

  POE::Kernel->run();
  POE::Kernel->call($aliases->{httpd}, "shutdown");
  # next line isn't really needed
  POE::Kernel->call($aliases->{tcp}, "shutdown");

SSL on an established connection

Advanced Example

This example is a IMAP-Relay which forwards the connections to a IMAP server by username. It allows the uncrypted transfer on port 143, with the option of SSL on the established connection (STARTTLS). On port 993 it allows to do direct SSL.

Tested with Thunderbird version 3.0.5.

  #!perl

  use warnings;
  use strict;

  use POE qw(Component::Server::TCP Component::Client::TCP Filter::SSL Filter::Stream);

  my $defaultImapServer = "not.existing.de";
  my $usernameToImapServer = {
    user1 => 'mailserver1.domain.de',
    user2 => 'mailserver2.domain.de',
    # ...
  };

  POE::Component::Server::TCP->new(
    Port => 143,
    ClientFilter => "POE::Filter::Stream",
    ClientDisconnected => \&disconnect,
    ClientConnected => \&connected,
    ClientInput => \&handleInput,
    InlineStates => {
      send_stuff => \&send_stuff,
      _child => \&child
    }
  );

  POE::Component::Server::TCP->new(
    Port => 993,
    ClientFilter => [ "POE::Filter::SSL", crt => 'server.crt', key => 'server.key' ],
    ClientConnected => \&connected,
    ClientDisconnected => \&disconnect,
    ClientInput => \&handleInput,
    InlineStates => {
      send_stuff => \&send_stuff,
      _child => \&child
    }
  );

  sub disconnect {
    my ($kernel, $session, $heap) = @_[KERNEL, SESSION, HEAP];
    logevent('server got disconnect', $session);
    $kernel->post($heap->{client_id} => "shutdown");
  }

  sub connected {
    my ($kernel, $session, $heap) = @_[KERNEL, SESSION, HEAP];
    logevent("got a connection from ".$heap->{remote_ip}, $session);
    $heap->{client}->put("* OK [CAPABILITY IMAP4rev1 UIDPLUS CHILDREN NAMESPACE THREAD=ORDEREDSUBJECT THREAD=REFERENCES SORT QUOTA IDLE ACL ACL2=UNION STARTTLS] IMAP Relay v0.1 ready.\r\n");
  }

  sub send_stuff {
    my ($heap, $stuff, $session) = @_[HEAP, ARG0, SESSION];
    logevent("-> ".length($stuff)." Bytes", $session);
    (defined($heap->{client})) && (ref($heap->{client}) eq "POE::Wheel::ReadWrite") &&
    $heap->{client}->put($stuff);
  }

  sub child {
    my ($heap, $child_op, $child) = @_[HEAP, ARG0, ARG1];
    if ($child_op eq "create") {
      $heap->{client_id} = $child->ID;
    }
  }

  sub handleInput {
    my ($kernel, $session, $heap, $input) = @_[KERNEL, SESSION, HEAP, ARG0];
    if($heap->{forwarding}) {
      return $kernel->yield("shutdown") unless (defined($heap->{client_id}));
      $kernel->post($heap->{client_id} => send_stuff => $input);
    } elsif ($input =~ /^(\d+)\s+STARTTLS[\r\n]+/i) {
      $_[HEAP]{client}->put($1." OK Begin SSL/TLS negotiation now.\r\n");
      logevent("SSLing now...", $session);
      $_[HEAP]{client}->set_filter(POE::Filter::SSL->new(crt => 'server.crt', key => 'server.key'));
    } elsif ($input =~ /^(\d+)\s+CAPABILITY[\r\n]+/i) {
      $_[HEAP]{client}->put("* CAPABILITY IMAP4rev1 UIDPLUS CHILDREN NAMESPACE THREAD=ORDEREDSUBJECT THREAD=REFERENCES SORT QUOTA IDLE ACL ACL2=UNION STARTTLS\r\n");
      $_[HEAP]{client}->put($1." OK CAPABILITY completed\r\n");
    } elsif ($input =~ /^(\d+)\s+login\s+\"(\S+)\"\s+\"(\S+)\"[\r\n]+/i) {
      my $username = $2;
      my $pass = $3;
      logevent("login of user ".$username, $session);
      spawn_client_side($username, $input);
      $heap->{forwarding}++;
    } else {
      logevent("unknown command before login, disconnecting.", $session);
      return $kernel->yield("shutdown");
    }
  }

  sub spawn_client_side {
    my $username = shift;
    POE::Component::Client::TCP->new(
      RemoteAddress => $usernameToImapServer->{$username} || $defaultImapServer,
      RemotePort    => 143,
      Filter => "POE::Filter::Stream",
      Started       => sub {
        $_[HEAP]->{server_id} = $_[SENDER]->ID;
        $_[HEAP]->{buf} = $_[ARG0];
        $_[HEAP]->{skip} = 0;
      },
      Connected => sub {
        my ($heap, $session) = @_[HEAP, SESSION];
        logevent('client connected', $session);
        $heap->{server}->put($heap->{buf});
        delete $heap->{buf};
      },
      ServerInput => sub {
        my ($kernel, $heap, $session, $input) = @_[KERNEL, HEAP, SESSION, ARG0];
        #logevent('client got input', $session, $input);
        $kernel->post($heap->{server_id} => send_stuff => $input) if ($heap->{skip}++);
      },
      Disconnected => sub {
        my ($kernel, $heap, $session) = @_[KERNEL, HEAP, SESSION];
        logevent('client disconnected', $session);
        $kernel->post($heap->{server_id} => 'shutdown');
      },
      InlineStates => {
        send_stuff => sub {
          my ($heap, $stuff, $session) = @_[HEAP, ARG0, SESSION];
          logevent("<- ".length($stuff)." Bytes", $session);
          (defined($heap->{server})) && (ref($heap->{server}) eq "POE::Wheel::ReadWrite") && 
          $heap->{server}->put($stuff);
        },
      },
      Args => [ shift ]
    );
  }

  sub logevent {
    my ($state, $session, $arg) = @_;
    my $id = $session->ID();
    print "session $id $state ";
    print ": $arg" if (defined $arg);
    print "\n";
  }

  POE::Kernel->run;

Client certificate verification

Advanced Example

The following example implements a HTTPS server with client certificate verification, which shows details about the verified client certificate.

  #!perl

  use strict;
  use warnings;
  use Socket;
  use POE qw(
    Wheel::SocketFactory
    Wheel::ReadWrite
    Driver::SysRW
    Filter::SSL
    Filter::Stackable
    Filter::HTTPD
  );

  POE::Session->create(
    inline_states => {
      _start       => sub {
        my $heap = $_[HEAP];
        $heap->{listener} = POE::Wheel::SocketFactory->new(
          BindAddress  => '0.0.0.0',
          BindPort     => 443,
          Reuse        => 'yes',
          SuccessEvent => 'socket_birth',
          FailureEvent => '_stop',
        );
      },
      _stop => sub {
        delete $_[HEAP]->{listener};
      },
      socket_birth => sub {
        my ($socket) = $_[ARG0];
        POE::Session->create(
          inline_states => {
            _start       => sub {
              my ($heap, $kernel, $connected_socket, $address, $port) = @_[HEAP, KERNEL, ARG0, ARG1, ARG2];
              $heap->{sslfilter} = POE::Filter::SSL->new(
                 crt    => 'server.crt',
                 key    => 'server.key',
                 cacrt  => 'ca.crt',
                 cipher => 'DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES256-SHA',
                 #cacrl  => 'ca.crl', # Uncomment this, if you have a CRL file.
                 debug  => 1,
                 clientcert => 1
              );
              $heap->{socket_wheel} = POE::Wheel::ReadWrite->new(
                Handle     => $connected_socket,
                Driver     => POE::Driver::SysRW->new(),
                Filter     => POE::Filter::Stackable->new(Filters => [
                  $heap->{sslfilter},
                  POE::Filter::HTTPD->new()
                ]),
                InputEvent => 'socket_input',
                ErrorEvent => '_stop',
              );
            },
            socket_input => sub {
              my ($kernel, $heap, $buf) = @_[KERNEL, HEAP, ARG0];
              my (@certid) = ($heap->{sslfilter}->clientCertIds());
              my $content = '';
              if ($heap->{sslfilter}->clientCertValid()) {
                $content .= "Hello <font color=green>valid</font> client Certifcate:";
              } else {
                $content .= "None or <font color=red>invalid</font> client certificate:";
              }
              $content .= "<hr>";
              foreach my $certid (@certid) {
                $certid = $certid ? $certid->[0]."<br>".$certid->[1]."<br>SERIAL=".$heap->{sslfilter}->hexdump($certid->[2]) : 'No client certificate';
                $content .= $certid."<hr>";
              }
              $content .= "Your URL was: ".$buf->uri."<hr>"
                if (ref($buf) eq "HTTP::Request");
              $content .= localtime(time());
              my $response = HTTP::Response->new(200);
              $response->push_header('Content-type', 'text/html');
              $response->content($content);
              $heap->{socket_wheel}->put($response);
              $kernel->delay(_stop => 1);
            },
            _stop => sub {
              delete $_[HEAP]->{socket_wheel};
            }
          },
          args => [$socket],
        );
      }
    }
  );

  $poe_kernel->run();

FUNCTIONS ^

new(option = value, option => value, option...)>

Returns a new POE::Filter::SSL object. It accepts the following options:

debug

Shows debug messages of clientCertNotOnCRL().

client

By default POE::Filter::SSL acts as a SSL server. To use it in client mode, you have to set this option.

crt

The certificate file (.crt) for the server, only needed in server mode.

chain

Chain certificates, for example startssl.org needs a intermedia certificates. He you can configure it.

dhcert

If you want to enable perfect forward secrecy, here you can enable Diffie-Hellman. You just have to create a dhpara file via openssl dhparam -check -text -5 1024 -out path/to/FILENAME.pem, and there here the path to the path/to/FILENAME.pem where your Diffie-Hellman (pem format) stays.

key

The key file (.key) of the certificate for the server, only needed in server mode.

clientcert

The server requests the client for a client certificat during ssl handshake, only useful in server mode.

WARNING: If the client provides an untrusted or no client certficate, the connection is not failing. You have to ask clientCertValid() if the certicate is valid!

cacrt

The ca certificate file (ca.crt), which is used to verificate the client certificates against a CA.

cacrl

Configures a CRL (ca.crl) against the client certificate is verified by clientCertValid().

cipher

Specify which ciphers are allowed for the synchronous encrypted transfer of the data over the ssl connection.

Example:

  cipher => 'DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES256-SHA'
blockbadclientcert

Let OpenSSL deny the connection if there is no or an invalid client certificate.

WARNING: If the client is listed in the CRL file, the connection will be established! You have to ask clientCertValid() if you have the crl option set on new(), otherwise to ask clientCertNotOnCRL() if the certificate is listed on your CRL file!

handshakeDone(options)

Returns true if the handshake is done and all data for hanshake has been written out. It accepts the following options:

ignorebuf

Returns true if OpenSSL has established the connection, regardless if all data has been written out. This is needed if you want to exchange the Filter of POE::Wheel::ReadWrite before the first data comes in. This option have been only used by doHandshake() to be able to add new filters before first cleartext data to be processed gets in.

clientCertNotOnCRL($file)

Verifies if the serial of the client certificate is not contained in the CRL $file. No file caching is done, each call opens the file again.

WARNING: If your CRL file is missing, can not be opened is empty or has no blocked certificate at all in it, then every call will get blocked!

clientCertIds()

Returns an array of every certificate found by OpenSSL. Each element is again a array. The first element is the value of X509_get_subject_name, second is the value of X509_get_issuer_name and third element is the serial of the certificate in binary form. You have to use split() and ord(), or the hexdump() function, to convert it to a readable form.

Example:

  my ($certid) = ($heap->{sslfilter}->clientCertIds());
  $certid = $certid ? $certid->[0]."<br>".$certid->[1]."<br>SERIAL=".$heap->{sslfilter}->hexdump($certid->[2]) : 'No client certificate';
getCipher()

Returns the used cryptographic algorithm and length.

Example:

  $sslfilter->getCipher()
clientCertValid()

Returns true if there is a client certificate that is valid. It also tests against the CRL, if you have the cacrl option set on new().

doHandshake($readWrite, $filter, $filter, ...) !!!REMOVED!!!

WARNING: POE::Filter:SSL now is able to do the ssh handshake now without any helpers. Because of this, this function has been removed!

Allows to add filters after the ssl handshake. It has to be called in the input handler, and needs the passing of the POE::Wheel::ReadWhile object. If it returns false, you have to return from the input handler.

See the HTTPS-Server, SSL on an established connection and Client certificate verification examples in SYNOPSIS

clientCertExists()

Returns true if there is a client certificate, that might be untrusted.

WARNING: If the client provides an untrusted client certficate a client certicate that is listed in CRL, this function returns true. You have to ask clientCertValid() if the certicate is valid!

hexdump($string)

Returns string data in hex format.

Example:

  perl -e 'use POE::Filter::SSL; print POE::Filter::SSL->hexdump("test")."\n";'
  74:65:73:74

Internal functions and POE::Filter handler

VERIFY()
X509_get_serialNumber()
clone()
doSSL()
get()
get_one()
get_one_start()
get_pending()
writeToSSLBIO()
writeToSSL()
put()
verify_serial_against_crl_file()
DOSENDBACK()
checkForDoSendback()

AUTHOR ^

Markus Schraeder, <privi at cpan.org>

BUGS ^

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-poe-filter-ssl at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=POE-Filter-SSL. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

SUPPORT ^

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc POE::Filter::SSL

You can also look for information at:

Commercial support ^

Commercial support can be gained at <sslsupport at priv.de>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE ^

Copyright 2010-2013 Markus Schraeder, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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