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Module Version: 0.63   Source   Latest Release: XML-TreePP-XMLPath-0.72

NAME ^

XML::TreePP::XMLPath - Similar to XPath, defines a path as an accessor to nodes of an XML::TreePP parsed XML Document.

SYNOPSIS ^

    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath;
    
    my $tpp = XML::TreePP->new();
    my $tppx = XML::TreePP::XMLPath->new();
    
    my $tree = { rss => { channel => { item => [ {
        title   => "The Perl Directory",
        link    => "http://www.perl.org/",
    }, {
        title   => "The Comprehensive Perl Archive Network",
        link    => "http://cpan.perl.org/",
    } ] } } };
    my $xml = $tpp->write( $tree );

Get a subtree of the XMLTree:

    my $xmlsub = $tppx->filterXMLDoc( $tree , q{rss/channel/item[title="The Comprehensive Perl Archive Network"]} );
    print $xmlsub->{'link'};

Iterate through all attributes and Elements of each <item> XML element:

    my $xmlsub = $tppx->filterXMLDoc( $tree , q{rss/channel/item} );
    my $h_attr = $tppx->getAttributes( $xmlsub );
    my $h_elem = $tppx->getElements( $xmlsub );
    foreach $attrHash ( @{ $h_attr } ) {
        while my ( $attrKey, $attrVal ) = each ( %{$attrHash} ) {
            ...
        }
    }
    foreach $elemHash ( @{ $h_elem } ) {
        while my ( $elemName, $elemVal ) = each ( %{$elemHash} ) {
            ...
        }
    }

EXAMPLE for using XML::TreePP::XMLPath to access a non-XML compliant tree of PERL referenced data.

    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath;
    
    my $tppx = new XML::TreePP::XMLPath;
    my $hashtree = {
        config => {
            nodes => {
                "10.0.10.5" => {
                    options => [ 'option1', 'option2' ],
                    alerts => {
                        email => 'someone@nowhere.org'
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    };
    print $tppx->filterXMLDoc($hashtree, '/config/nodes/10.0.10.5/alerts/email');
    print "\n";
    print $tppx->filterXMLDoc($hashtree, '/config/nodes/10.0.10.5/options[2]');
    print "\n";

Result

    someone@nowhere.org
    option2

DESCRIPTION ^

A pure PERL module to compliment the pure PERL XML::TreePP module. XMLPath may be similar to XPath, and it does attempt to conform to the XPath standard when possible, but it is far from being fully XPath compliant.

Its purpose is to implement an XPath-like accessor methodology to nodes in a XML::TreePP parsed XML Document. In contrast, XPath is an accessor methodology to nodes in an unparsed (or raw) XML Document.

The advantage of using XML::TreePP::XMLPath over any other PERL implementation of XPath is that XML::TreePP::XMLPath is an accessor to XML::TreePP parsed XML Documents. If you are already using XML::TreePP to parse XML, you can use XML::TreePP::XMLPath to access nodes inside that parsed XML Document without having to convert it into a raw XML Document.

As an additional side-benefit, any PERL HASH/ARRY reference data structure can be accessible via the XPath accessor method provided by this module. It does not have to a parsed XML structure. The last example in the SYNOPSIS illustrates this.

REQUIREMENTS ^

The following perl modules are depended on by this module: ( Note: Dependency on Params::Validate was removed in version 0.52 )

IMPORTABLE METHODS ^

When the calling application invokes this module in a use clause, the following methods can be imported into its space.

Example:

    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(parseXMLPath filterXMLDoc getValues getAttributes getElements getSubtree);

DEPRECATED METHODS ^

The following methods are deprecated in the current release.

XMLPath PHILOSOPHY ^

Referring to the following XML Data.

    <paragraph>
        <sentence language="english">
            <words>Do red cats eat yellow food</words>
            <punctuation>?</punctuation>
        </sentence>
        <sentence language="english">
            <words>Brown cows eat green grass</words>
            <punctuation>.</punctuation>
        </sentence>
    </paragraph>

Where the path "paragraph/sentence[@language=english]/words" has two matches: "Do red cats eat yellow food" and "Brown cows eat green grass".

Where the path "paragraph/sentence[@language]" has the same previous two matches.

Where the path "paragraph/sentence[2][@language=english]/words" has one match: "Brown cows eat green grass".

And where the path "paragraph/sentence[punctuation=.]/words" matches "Brown cows eat green grass"

So that "[@attr=val]" is identified as an attribute inside the "<tag attr='val'></tag>"

And "[attr=val]" is identified as a nested attribute inside the "<tag><attr>val</attr></tag>"

And "[2]" is a positional argument identifying the second node in a list "<tag><attr>value-1</attr><attr>value-2</attr></tag>".

And "@attr" identifies all nodes containing the @attr attribute. "<tag><item attr="value-A">value-1</item><item attr="value-B">value-2</item></tag>".

After XML::TreePP parses the above XML, it looks like this:

    {
      paragraph => {
            sentence => [
                  {
                    "-language" => "english",
                    punctuation => "?",
                    words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
                  },
                  {
                    "-language" => "english",
                    punctuation => ".",
                    words => "Brown cows eat green grass",
                  },
                ],
          },
    }

Things To Note

Note that attributes are specified in the XMLPath as @attribute_name, but after XML::TreePP::parse() parses the XML Document, the attribute name is identified as -attribute_name in the resulting parsed document. As of version 0.52 this can be changed using the set(attr_prefix='@')> method. It should only be changed if the XML Document is provided as already parsed, and the attributes are represented with a value other than the default. This document uses the default value of - in its examples.

XMLPath requires attributes to be specified as @attribute_name and takes care of the conversion from @ to - behind the scenes when accessing the XML::TreePP parsed XML document.

Child elements on the next level of a parent element are accessible as attributes as attribute_name. This is the same format as @attribute_name except without the @ symbol. Specifying the attribute without an @ symbol identifies the attribute as a child element of the parent element being evaluated.

Child element values are only accessible as CDATA. That is when the element being evaluated is animal, the attribute (or child element) is cat, and the value of the attribute is tiger, it is presented as this:

    <jungle>
        <animal>
            <cat>tiger</cat>
        </animal>
    </jungle>

The XMLPath used to access the key=value pair of cat=tiger for element animal would be as follows:

    jungle/animal[cat='tiger']

And in version 0.52, in this second case, the above XMLPath is still valid:

    <jungle>
        <animal>
            <cat color="black">tiger</cat>
        </animal>
    </jungle>

In version 0.52, the period (.) is supported as it is in XPath to represent the current context node. As such, the following XMLPaths would also be valid:

    jungle/animal/cat[.='tiger']
    jungle/animal/cat[@color='black'][.='tiger']

One should realize that in these previous two XMLPaths, the element cat is being evaluated, and not the element animal as in the first case. And will be undesirable if you want to evaluate animal for results.

To perform the same evaluation, but return the matching animal node, the following XMLPath can be used:

    jungle/animal[cat='tiger']

To evaluate animal and cat, but return the matching cat node, the following XMLPaths can be used:

    jungle/animal[cat='tiger']/cat
    jungle/animal/cat[.='tiger']

The first path analyzes animal, and the second path analyzes cat. But both matches the same node "<cat color='black>tiger</cat>".

Matching attributes

Prior to version 0.52, attributes could only be used in XMLPath to evaluate an element for a result set. As of version 0.52, attributes can now be matched in XMLPath to return their values.

This next example illustrates:

    <jungle>
        <animal>
            <cat color="black">tiger</cat>
        </animal>
    </jungle>
    
    /jungle/animal/cat[.='tiger']/@color

The result set of this XMLPath would be "black".

METHODS ^

tpp

This module is an extension of the XML::TreePP module. As such, it uses the module in many different methods to parse XML Documents, and when the user calls the set() and get() methods to set and get properties specific to the module.

The XML::TreePP module, however, is only loaded into XML::TreePP::XMLPath when it becomes necessary to perform the previously described requests.

To avoid having this module load the XML::TreePP module, the caller must be sure to avoid the following:

1. Do not call the set() and get() methods to set or get properties specific to XML::TreePP. Doing so will cause this module to load XML::TreePP in order to set or get those properties. In turn, that loaded instance of XML::TreePP is used internally when needed in the future.

2. Do not pass in unparsed XML Documents. The caller would instead want to parse the XML Document with XML::TreePP::parse() before passing it in. Passing in an unparsed XML document causes this module to load XML::TreePP in order to parse it for processing.

Alternately, If the caller has loaded a copy of XML::TreePP, that instance can be assigned to be used by the instance of this module using this method. In doing so, when XML::TreePP is needed, the instance provided is used instead of loading another copy.

Additionally, if this module has loaded an instance of XML::TreePP, this instance can be directly accessed or retrieved through this method.

If you want to only get the internally loaded instance of XML::TreePP, but want to not load a new instance and instead have undef returned if an instance is not already loaded, then use the get() method.

    my $tppobj = $tppx->get( 'tpp' );
    warn "XML::TreePP is not loaded in XML::TreePP::XMLPath.\n" if !defined $tppobj;

This method was added in version 0.52

    $tppx->tpp( new XML::TreePP );  # Sets the XML::TreePP instance to be used by this object
    $tppx->tpp();  # Retrieve the currently loaded XML::TreePP instance

set

Set the value for a property in this object instance. This method can only be accessed in object oriented style.

This method was added in version 0.52

    $tppx->set( 'attr_prefix' );  # deletes the property attr_prefix
    $tppx->set( 'attr_prefix' => '@' );  # sets the value of attr_prefix

get

Retrieve the value set for a property in this object instance. This method can only be accessed in object oriented style.

This method was added in version 0.52

    $tppx->get( 'attr_prefix' );

new

Create a new object instances of this module.

    $tppx = new XML::TreePP::XMLPath();

charlexsplit

An analysis method for single character boundary and start/stop tokens

    $elements = charlexsplit (
                        string         => $string,
                        boundry_start  => $charA,   boundry_stop   => $charB,
                        tokens         => \@tokens,
                        boundry_begin  => $char1,   boundry_end    => $char2 );

parseXMLPath

Parse a string that represents the XMLPath to a XML element or attribute in a XML::TreePP parsed XML Document.

Note that the XML attributes, known as "@attr" are transformed into "-attr". The preceding (-) minus in place of the (@) at is the recognized format of attributes in the XML::TreePP module.

Being that this is intended to be a submodule of XML::TreePP, the format of '@attr' is converted to '-attr' to conform with how XML::TreePP handles attributes.

See: XML::TreePP->set( attr_prefix => '@' ); for more information. This module supports the default format, '-attr', of attributes. But as of version 0.52 this can be changed by setting this modules 'attr_prefix' property using the set() method in object oriented programming. Example:

    my $tppx = new XML::TreePP::XMLPath();
    $tppx->set( attr_prefix => '@' );

XMLPath Filter by index and existence Also, as of version 0.52, there are two additional types of XMLPaths understood.

XMLPath with indexes, which is similar to the way XPath does it

    $path = '/books/book[5]';

This defines the fifth book in a list of book elements under the books root. When using this to get the value, the 5th book is returned. When using this to test an element, there must be 5 or more books to return true.

XMLPath by existence, which is similar to the way XPath does it

    $path = '/books/book[author]';

This XMLPath represents all book elements under the books root which have 1 or more author child element. It does not evaluate if the element or attribute to evaluate has a value. So it is a test for existence of the element or attribute.

    $parsedXMLPath = parseXMLPath( $XMLPath );

filterXMLDoc

To filter down to a subtree or set of subtrees of an XML document based on a given XMLPath

This method can also be used to determine if a node within an XML tree is valid based on the given filters in an XML path.

This method replaces the two methods getSubtree() and validateAttrValue().

This method was added in version 0.52

    my $result = filterXMLDoc( $XMLDocument , $XMLPath );
    my @result = filterXMLDoc( $XMLDocument , $XMLPath );

getValues

Retrieve the values found in the given XML Document at the given XMLPath.

This method was added in version 0.53 as getValue, and changed to getValues in 0.54

    # return the value of @author from all book elements
    $vals = $tppx->getValues( $xmldoc, '/books/book/@author' );
    # return the values of the current node, or XML Subtree
    $vals = $tppx->getValues( $xmldoc_node, "." );
    # return only XML data from the 5th book node
    $vals = $tppx->getValues( $xmldoc, '/books/book[5]', valstring => 0, valxml => 1 );
    # return only XML::TreePP parsed XML from the all book nodes having an id attribute
    $vals = $tppx->getValues( $xmldoc, '/books/book[@id]', valstring => 0, valxmlparsed => 1 );
    # return both unparsed XML data and text content from the 3rd book excerpt,
    # and trim off the white space at the beginning and end of each value
    $vals = $tppx->getValues( $xmldoc, '/books/book[3]/excerpt', valstring => 1, valxml => 1, valtrim => 1 );

validateAttrValue

As of version 0.52, this method is deprecated. The method filterXMLDoc() should be used instead. See this method's implementation illustration for the alternate example using filterXMLDoc().

Validate a subtree of a parsed XML document to have a parameter set in which an attribute matches a value.

    my @params = ( [ "element", "value" ], [ "-attribute", "value" ] );
    $validatedXMLTree = validateAttrValue( $XMLTree , \@params );

    # Alternately, you can do the same using the filterXMLDoc() method using
    # the single period (.) which identifies the immediate root of the
    # XML Document (or a XML Document node you provide instead).
    # If $XMLTree can be either plain text or a XML::TreePP parsed XML Document
    my $result = filterXMLDoc( $XMLTree, '.[element="value"][@attribute="value"]' );
    my $result = filterXMLDoc( $XMLTree, [ ".", \@params ] );

getSubtree

As of version 0.52, this method is deprecated. The function filterXMLDoc() should be used instead. See this method's implementation illustration for the alternate example using filterXMLDoc().

Starting in version 0.52, this method still returns the same single value as it did in version 0.51, but with additional filtering capabilities provided to it by filterXMLDoc() . Also starting in version 0.52 this method can additionally return an array of values resulting from the match. See returns below.

Return a subtree of an XML tree from a given XMLPath. See parseXMLPath() for the format of a XMLPath. This function returns the first subtree or an array of subtrees in the given XML tree found to match the given XMLPath.

If you want to retrieve all subtrees in the given XML tree which match the given XML path, you should ideally use the filterXMLDoc() function.

This method actually executes filterXMLDoc() and returns the first result set, or more precisely the first matching node and its subtree in the XML Doc. If the context of the caller is requesting a list or array, then all matching nodes and their subtrees will be returned to the caller as a list (array).

    $XMLSubTree = getSubtree ( $XMLTree , $XMLPath );
    @XMLSubTrees = getSubtree ( $XMLTree , $XMLPath );

    # Alternately, you can do the same using the filterXMLDoc() method.
    my $result = filterXMLDoc( $XMLTree, $XMLPath );
    my @result = filterXMLDoc( $XMLTree, $XMLPath );

getAttributes

    $attributes = getAttributes ( $XMLTree , $XMLPath );

getElements

Gets the child elements found at a specified XMLPath

    $elements = getElements ( $XMLTree , $XMLPath );

EXAMPLES ^

Method: new

It is not necessary to create an object of this module. However, if you choose to do so any way, here is how you do it.

    my $obj = new XML::TreePP::XMLPath;

This module supports being called by two methods.

1. By importing the functions you wish to use, as in:
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw( function1 function2 );
    function1( args )

See IMPORTABLE METHODS section for methods available for import

2. Or by calling the functions in an object oriented manor, as in:
    my $tppx = new XML::TreePP::XMLPath;
    $tppx->function1( args )

Using either method works the same and returns the same output.

Method: charlexsplit

Here are three steps that can be used to parse values out of a string:

Step 1:

First, parse the entire string delimited by the / character.

    my $el = charlexsplit   (
        string        => q{abcdefg/xyz/path[@key='val'][@key2='val2']/last},
        boundry_start => '/',
        boundry_stop  => '/',
        tokens        => [qw( [ ] ' ' " " )],
        boundry_begin => 1,
        boundry_end   => 1
        );
    dump( $el );

Output:

    ["abcdefg", "xyz", "path[\@key='val'][\@key2='val2']", "last"],

Step 2:

Second, parse the elements from step 1 that have key/val pairs, such that each single key/val is contained by the [ and ] characters

    my $el = charlexsplit (
        string        => q( path[@key='val'][@key2='val2'] ),
        boundry_start => '[',
        boundry_stop  => ']',
        tokens        => [qw( ' ' " " )],
        boundry_begin => 0,
        boundry_end   => 0
        );
    dump( $el );

Output:

    ["\@key='val'", "\@key2='val2'"]

Step 3:

Third, parse the elements from step 2 that is a single key/val, the single key/val is delimited by the = character

    my $el = charlexsplit (
        string        => q{ @key='val' },
        boundry_start => '=',
        boundry_stop  => '=',
        tokens        => [qw( ' ' " " )],
        boundry_begin => 1,
        boundry_end   => 1
        );
    dump( $el );

Output:

    ["\@key", "'val'"]

Note that in each example the tokens represent a group of escaped characters which, when analyzed, will be collected as part of an element, but will not be allowed to match any starting or stopping boundry.

So if you have a start token without a stop token, you will get undesired results. This example demonstrate this data error.

    my $el = charlexsplit   (
        string        => q{ path[@key='val'][@key2=val2'] },
        boundry_start => '[',
        boundry_stop  => ']',
        tokens        => [qw( ' ' " " )],
        boundry_begin => 0,
        boundry_end   => 0
        );
    dump( $el );

Undesired output:

    ["\@key='val'"]

In this example of bad data being parsed, the boundry_stop character ] was never matched for the key2=val2 element.

And there is no error message. The charlexsplit method throws away the second element silently due to the token start and stop mismatch.

Method: parseXMLPath

    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(parseXMLPath);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    
    my $parsedPath = parseXMLPath(
                                  q{abcdefg/xyz/path[@key1='val1'][key2='val2']/last}
                                  );
    dump ( $parsedPath );

Output:

    [
      ["abcdefg", undef],
      ["xyz", undef],
      ["path", [["-key1", "val1"], ["key2", "val2"]]],
      ["last", undef],
    ]

Method: filterXMLDoc

Filtering an XML Document, using an XMLPath, to find a node within the document.

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(filterXMLDoc);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    #
    # The XML document data
    my $xmldata=<<XMLEND;
        <level1>
            <level2>
                <level3 attr1="val1" attr2="val2">
                    <attr3>val3</attr3>
                    <attr4/>
                    <attrX>one</attrX>
                    <attrX>two</attrX>
                    <attrX>three</attrX>
                </level3>
                <level3 attr1="valOne"/>
            </level2>
        </level1>
    XMLEND
    #
    # Parse the XML document.
    my $tpp = new XML::TreePP;
    my $xmldoc = $tpp->parse($xmldata);
    print "Output Test #1\n";
    dump( $xmldoc );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "level1/level2"
    my $xmlSubTree = filterXMLDoc($xmldoc, 'level1/level2');
    print "Output Test #2\n";
    dump( $xmlSubTree );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "level1/level2/level3[@attr1='val1']"
    my $xmlSubTree = filterXMLDoc($xmldoc, 'level1/level2/level3[@attr1="val1"]');
    print "Output Test #3\n";
    dump( $xmlSubTree );

Output:

    Output Test #1
    {
      level1 => {
            level2 => {
                  level3 => [
                        {
                          "-attr1" => "val1",
                          "-attr2" => "val2",
                          attr3    => "val3",
                          attr4    => undef,
                          attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
                        },
                        { "-attr1" => "valOne" },
                      ],
                },
          },
    }
    Output Test #2
    {
      level3 => [
            {
              "-attr1" => "val1",
              "-attr2" => "val2",
              attr3    => "val3",
              attr4    => undef,
              attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
            },
            { "-attr1" => "valOne" },
          ],
    }
    Output Test #3
    {
      "-attr1" => "val1",
      "-attr2" => "val2",
      attr3    => "val3",
      attr4    => undef,
      attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
    }

Validating attribute and value pairs of a given node.

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(filterXMLDoc);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    #
    # The XML document data
    my $xmldata=<<XMLEND;
        <paragraph>
            <sentence language="english">
                <words>Do red cats eat yellow food</words>
                <punctuation>?</punctuation>
            </sentence>
            <sentence language="english">
                <words>Brown cows eat green grass</words>
                <punctuation>.</punctuation>
            </sentence>
        </paragraph>
    XMLEND
    #
    # Parse the XML document.
    my $tpp = new XML::TreePP;
    my $xmldoc = $tpp->parse($xmldata);
    print "Output Test #1\n";
    dump( $xmldoc );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "paragraph/sentence"
    my $xmlSubTree = filterXMLDoc($xmldoc, "paragraph/sentence");
    print "Output Test #2\n";
    dump( $xmlSubTree );
    #
    my (@params, $validatedSubTree);
    #
    # Test the XML Sub Tree to have an attribute "-language" with value "german"
    @params = (['-language', 'german']);
    $validatedSubTree = filterXMLDoc($xmlSubTree, [ ".", \@params ]);
    print "Output Test #3\n";
    dump( $validatedSubTree );
    #
    # Test the XML Sub Tree to have an attribute "-language" with value "english"
    @params = (['-language', 'english']);
    $validatedSubTree = filterXMLDoc($xmlSubTree, [ ".", \@params ]);
    print "Output Test #4\n";
    dump( $validatedSubTree );

Output:

    Output Test #1
    {
      paragraph => {
            sentence => [
                  {
                    "-language" => "english",
                    punctuation => "?",
                    words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
                  },
                  {
                    "-language" => "english",
                    punctuation => ".",
                    words => "Brown cows eat green grass",
                  },
                ],
          },
    }
    Output Test #2
    [
      {
        "-language" => "english",
        punctuation => "?",
        words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
      },
      {
        "-language" => "english",
        punctuation => ".",
        words => "Brown cows eat green grass",
      },
    ]
    Output Test #3
    undef
    Output Test #4
    {
      "-language" => "english",
      punctuation => "?",
      words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
    }

Method: validateAttrValue

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(getSubtree validateAttrValue);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    #
    # The XML document data
    my $xmldata=<<XMLEND;
        <paragraph>
            <sentence language="english">
                <words>Do red cats eat yellow food</words>
                <punctuation>?</punctuation>
            </sentence>
            <sentence language="english">
                <words>Brown cows eat green grass</words>
                <punctuation>.</punctuation>
            </sentence>
        </paragraph>
    XMLEND
    #
    # Parse the XML document.
    my $tpp = new XML::TreePP;
    my $xmldoc = $tpp->parse($xmldata);
    print "Output Test #1\n";
    dump( $xmldoc );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "paragraph/sentence"
    my $xmlSubTree = getSubtree($xmldoc, "paragraph/sentence");
    print "Output Test #2\n";
    dump( $xmlSubTree );
    #
    my (@params, $validatedSubTree);
    #
    # Test the XML Sub Tree to have an attribute "-language" with value "german"
    @params = (['-language', 'german']);
    $validatedSubTree = validateAttrValue($xmlSubTree, \@params);
    print "Output Test #3\n";
    dump( $validatedSubTree );
    #
    # Test the XML Sub Tree to have an attribute "-language" with value "english"
    @params = (['-language', 'english']);
    $validatedSubTree = validateAttrValue($xmlSubTree, \@params);
    print "Output Test #4\n";
    dump( $validatedSubTree );

Output:

    Output Test #1
    {
      paragraph => {
            sentence => [
                  {
                    "-language" => "english",
                    punctuation => "?",
                    words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
                  },
                  {
                    "-language" => "english",
                    punctuation => ".",
                    words => "Brown cows eat green grass",
                  },
                ],
          },
    }
    Output Test #2
    [
      {
        "-language" => "english",
        punctuation => "?",
        words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
      },
      {
        "-language" => "english",
        punctuation => ".",
        words => "Brown cows eat green grass",
      },
    ]
    Output Test #3
    undef
    Output Test #4
    {
      "-language" => "english",
      punctuation => "?",
      words => "Do red cats eat yellow food",
    }

Method: getSubtree

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(getSubtree);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    #
    # The XML document data
    my $xmldata=<<XMLEND;
        <level1>
            <level2>
                <level3 attr1="val1" attr2="val2">
                    <attr3>val3</attr3>
                    <attr4/>
                    <attrX>one</attrX>
                    <attrX>two</attrX>
                    <attrX>three</attrX>
                </level3>
                <level3 attr1="valOne"/>
            </level2>
        </level1>
    XMLEND
    #
    # Parse the XML document.
    my $tpp = new XML::TreePP;
    my $xmldoc = $tpp->parse($xmldata);
    print "Output Test #1\n";
    dump( $xmldoc );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "level1/level2"
    my $xmlSubTree = getSubtree($xmldoc, 'level1/level2');
    print "Output Test #2\n";
    dump( $xmlSubTree );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "level1/level2/level3[@attr1='val1']"
    my $xmlSubTree = getSubtree($xmldoc, 'level1/level2/level3[@attr1="val1"]');
    print "Output Test #3\n";
    dump( $xmlSubTree );

Output:

    Output Test #1
    {
      level1 => {
            level2 => {
                  level3 => [
                        {
                          "-attr1" => "val1",
                          "-attr2" => "val2",
                          attr3    => "val3",
                          attr4    => undef,
                          attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
                        },
                        { "-attr1" => "valOne" },
                      ],
                },
          },
    }
    Output Test #2
    {
      level3 => [
            {
              "-attr1" => "val1",
              "-attr2" => "val2",
              attr3    => "val3",
              attr4    => undef,
              attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
            },
            { "-attr1" => "valOne" },
          ],
    }
    Output Test #3
    {
      "-attr1" => "val1",
      "-attr2" => "val2",
      attr3    => "val3",
      attr4    => undef,
      attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
    }

See validateAttrValue() EXAMPLES section for more usage examples.

Method: getAttributes

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    #
    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(getAttributes);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    #
    # The XML document data
    my $xmldata=<<XMLEND;
        <level1>
            <level2>
                <level3 attr1="val1" attr2="val2">
                    <attr3>val3</attr3>
                    <attr4/>
                    <attrX>one</attrX>
                    <attrX>two</attrX>
                    <attrX>three</attrX>
                </level3>
                <level3 attr1="valOne"/>
            </level2>
        </level1>
    XMLEND
    #
    # Parse the XML document.
    my $tpp = new XML::TreePP;
    my $xmldoc = $tpp->parse($xmldata);
    print "Output Test #1\n";
    dump( $xmldoc );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "level1/level2/level3"
    my $attributes = getAttributes($xmldoc, 'level1/level2/level3');
    print "Output Test #2\n";
    dump( $attributes );
    #
    # Retrieve the sub tree of the XML document at path "level1/level2/level3[attr3=""]"
    my $attributes = getAttributes($xmldoc, 'level1/level2/level3[attr3="val3"]');
    print "Output Test #3\n";
    dump( $attributes );

Output:

    Output Test #1
    {
      level1 => {
            level2 => {
                  level3 => [
                        {
                          "-attr1" => "val1",
                          "-attr2" => "val2",
                          attr3    => "val3",
                          attr4    => undef,
                          attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
                        },
                        { "-attr1" => "valOne" },
                      ],
                },
          },
    }
    Output Test #2
    [{ attr1 => "val1", attr2 => "val2" }, { attr1 => "valOne" }]
    Output Test #3
    [{ attr1 => "val1", attr2 => "val2" }]

Method: getElements

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    #
    use XML::TreePP;
    use XML::TreePP::XMLPath qw(getElements);
    use Data::Dump qw(dump);
    #
    # The XML document data
    my $xmldata=<<XMLEND;
        <level1>
            <level2>
                <level3 attr1="val1" attr2="val2">
                    <attr3>val3</attr3>
                    <attr4/>
                    <attrX>one</attrX>
                    <attrX>two</attrX>
                    <attrX>three</attrX>
                </level3>
                <level3 attr1="valOne"/>
            </level2>
        </level1>
    XMLEND
    #
    # Parse the XML document.
    my $tpp = new XML::TreePP;
    my $xmldoc = $tpp->parse($xmldata);
    print "Output Test #1\n";
    dump( $xmldoc );
    #
    # Retrieve the multiple same-name elements of the XML document at path "level1/level2/level3"
    my $elements = getElements($xmldoc, 'level1/level2/level3');
    print "Output Test #2\n";
    dump( $elements );
    #
    # Retrieve the elements of the XML document at path "level1/level2/level3[attr3="val3"]
    my $elements = getElements($xmldoc, 'level1/level2/level3[attr3="val3"]');
    print "Output Test #3\n";
    dump( $elements );

Output:

    Output Test #1
    {
      level1 => {
            level2 => {
                  level3 => [
                        {
                          "-attr1" => "val1",
                          "-attr2" => "val2",
                          attr3    => "val3",
                          attr4    => undef,
                          attrX    => ["one", "two", "three"],
                        },
                        { "-attr1" => "valOne" },
                      ],
                },
          },
    }
    Output Test #2
    [
      { attr3 => "val3", attr4 => undef, attrX => ["one", "two", "three"] },
      undef,
    ]
    Output Test #3
    [
      { attr3 => "val3", attr4 => undef, attrX => ["one", "two", "three"] },
    ]

AUTHOR ^

Russell E Glaue, http://russ.glaue.org

SEE ALSO ^

XML::TreePP

XML::TreePP::XMLPath on Codepin: http://www.codepin.org/project/perlmod/XML-TreePP-XMLPath

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (c) 2008-2011 Russell E Glaue, Center for the Application of Information Technologies. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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