View on
Rhesa Rozendaal > HTML-Template-Pluggable > HTML::Template::Plugin::Dot



Annotate this POD


Open  2
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 1.00   Source  


HTML::Template::Plugin::Dot - Add Magic Dot notation to HTML::Template


  use HTML::Template::Pluggable;
  use HTML::Template::Plugin::Dot;

  my $t = HTML::Template::Pluggable->new(...);

Now you can use chained accessor calls and nested hashrefs as params, and access them with a dot notation. You can even pass arguments to the methods.

For example, in your code:

  $t->param( my_complex_struct => $struct ); 

And then in your template you can reference specific values in the structure:



By adding support for this dot notation to HTML::Template, the programmers' job of sending data to the template is easier, and designers have easier access to more data to display in the template, without learning any more tag syntax.


Class::DBI integration

Class::DBI accessors can be used in the template. If the accessor is never called in the template, that data doesn't have to be loaded.

In the code:

  $t->param ( my_row => $class_dbi_obj );

In the template:


This extends to related objects or inflated columns (commonly used for date fields). Here's an example with a date column that's inflated into a DateTime object:


Of course, if date formatting strings look scary to the designer, you can keep them in the application, or even a database layer to insure consistency in all presentations.

Here's an example with related objects. Suppose you have a Customer object, that has_a BillingAddress object attached to it. Then you could say something like this:

  <tmpl_if customer.billing_address>
    <tmpl_var customer.billing_address.street>

More complex uses

The dot notation allows you to pass arguments to method calls (as in the my_date.dmy('/') example above). In fact, you can pass other objects in the template as well, and this enables more complex usage. Imagine we had a (fictional) Formatter object which could perform some basic string formatting functions. This could be used in e.g. currencies, or dates.

In your code:

  $t->param( Formatter => Formatter->new,
             order         => $order_obj     );

In your template:

  Amount: <tmpl_var Formatter.format_currency('US',order.total_amount)>

(hint: see Number::Format)

This even extends to references to plain tmpl_vars in your template:

  $t->param( Formatter => Formatter->new,
             plain     => 'Jane'         );

  <tmpl_var Formatter.reverse(plain)> is
  <tmpl_var plain> backwards


As of version 0.94, the dot notation is also supported on TMPL_LOOP tags (but see the "LIMITATIONS" section).

Given an object method (or a hash key) that returns an array or a reference to an array, we will unwrap that array for use in the loop. Individual array elements are mapped to a hash { 'this' => $elt }, so that you can refer to them in TMPL_VARs as "this.something".

An example might help. Let's use the canonical Class::DBI example for our data. Suppose you have an $artist object, which has_many CDs. You can now pass just the $artist object, and handle the loops in the template:

  $t->param( artist => $artist );

The template:

  <tmpl_var> has released these albums:
  <tmpl_loop artist.cds>
    <tmpl_var this.title> - <tmpl_var this.year>

As you can see, each element from the artist.cds() array is called "this" by default. You can supply your own name by appending ': name' like this:

  <tmpl_loop artist.cds:cd>
    <tmpl_var cd.title>

That's not the end of it! You can even nest these loops, displaying the Tracks for each CD like so:

  <tmpl_loop artist.cds:cd>
    <tmpl_var cd.title>
    <tmpl_loop cd.tracks:track>
      - <tmpl_var track.title> ( <tmpl_var track.tracktime> )



No attempt to even measure performance has been made. For now the focus is on usability and stability. If you carry out benchmarks, or have suggestions for performance improvements, be sure to let us know!


Patches, questions and feedback are welcome. This project is managed using the darcs source control system ( ). A public darcs archive is here:


Mark Stosberg, <>; Rhesa Rozendaal, <>

Copyright & License ^

 Parts copyright 2006 Mark Stosberg
 Parts copyright 2006 Rhesa Rozendaal

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as perl itself.

syntax highlighting: