Ricardo SIGNES > perl-5.18.2 > SDBM_File

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Module Version: 1.09   Source   Latest Release: perl-5.21.4

NAME ^

SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Fcntl;   # For O_RDWR, O_CREAT, etc.
 use SDBM_File;

 tie(%h, 'SDBM_File', 'filename', O_RDWR|O_CREAT, 0666)
   or die "Couldn't tie SDBM file 'filename': $!; aborting";

 # Now read and change the hash
 $h{newkey} = newvalue;
 print $h{oldkey}; 
 ...

 untie %h;

DESCRIPTION ^

SDBM_File establishes a connection between a Perl hash variable and a file in SDBM_File format;. You can manipulate the data in the file just as if it were in a Perl hash, but when your program exits, the data will remain in the file, to be used the next time your program runs.

Use SDBM_File with the Perl built-in tie function to establish the connection between the variable and the file. The arguments to tie should be:

  1. The hash variable you want to tie.
  2. The string "SDBM_File". (Ths tells Perl to use the SDBM_File package to perform the functions of the hash.)
  3. The name of the file you want to tie to the hash.
  4. Flags. Use one of:
    O_RDONLY

    Read-only access to the data in the file.

    O_WRONLY

    Write-only access to the data in the file.

    O_RDWR

    Both read and write access.

    If you want to create the file if it does not exist, add O_CREAT to any of these, as in the example. If you omit O_CREAT and the file does not already exist, the tie call will fail.

  5. The default permissions to use if a new file is created. The actual permissions will be modified by the user's umask, so you should probably use 0666 here. (See "umask" in perlfunc.)

DIAGNOSTICS ^

On failure, the tie call returns an undefined value and probably sets $! to contain the reason the file could not be tied.

sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ...

This warning is emitted when you try to store a key or a value that is too long. It means that the change was not recorded in the database. See BUGS AND WARNINGS below.

BUGS AND WARNINGS ^

There are a number of limits on the size of the data that you can store in the SDBM file. The most important is that the length of a key, plus the length of its associated value, may not exceed 1008 bytes.

See "tie" in perlfunc, perldbmfilter, Fcntl

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