Rafael Kitover > Catalyst-Model-DBIC-Schema-0.54 > Catalyst::Model::DBIC::Schema

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Module Version: 0.54   Source   Latest Release: Catalyst-Model-DBIC-Schema-0.62

NAME ^

Catalyst::Model::DBIC::Schema - DBIx::Class::Schema Model Class

SYNOPSIS ^

First, prepare your database schema using DBIx::Class, see Catalyst::Helper::Model::DBIC::Schema for how to generate a DBIx::Class::Schema from your database using the Helper script, and DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Base.

A typical usage of the helper script would be:

    script/myapp_create.pl model FilmDB DBIC::Schema MyApp::Schema::FilmDB \
        create=static dbi:mysql:filmdb dbusername dbpass \
        quote_names=1

If you are unfamiliar with DBIx::Class, see DBIx::Class::Manual::Intro first.

These examples assume that you already have a schema called MyApp::Schema::FilmDB, which defines some Result classes for tables in MyApp::Schema::FilmDB::Result::Actor and MyApp::Schema::FilmDB::Result::Film. Either created by the helper script (as shown above) or manually.

The helper also creates a Model in lib/MyApp/Model/FilmDB.pm, if you already have a schema you can create just the Model using:

    script/myapp_create.pl model FilmDB DBIC::Schema MyApp::Schema::FilmDB
        dbi:mysql:filmdb dbusername dbpass

The connect_info is optional and will be hardcoded into the Model if provided. It's better to configure it in your Catalyst config file, which will also override any hardcoded config, see "connect_info" for examples.

Now you have a working Model which accesses your separate DBIC Schema. This can be used/accessed in the normal Catalyst manner, via $c->model():

  my $db_model = $c->model('FilmDB');         # a Catalyst::Model
  my $dbic     = $c->model('FilmDB')->schema; # the actual DBIC object

There is also a shortcut, which returns a DBIx::Class::ResultSet directly, instead of a Catalyst::Model:

  my $rs = $c->model('FilmDB::Actor');

See DBIx::Class::ResultSet to find out more about which methods can be called on ResultSets.

You can also define your own ResultSet methods to encapsulate the database/business logic of your applications. These go into, for example, lib/MyApp/Schema/FilmDB/ResultSet/Actor.pm. The class must inherit from DBIx::Class::ResultSet and is automatically loaded.

Then call your methods like any other DBIx::Class::ResultSet method:

    $c->model('FilmDB::Actor')->SAG_members

Some examples:

  # to access schema methods directly:
  $c->model('FilmDB')->schema->source(...);

  # to access the source object, resultset, and class:
  $c->model('FilmDB')->source(...);
  $c->model('FilmDB')->resultset(...);
  $c->model('FilmDB')->class(...);

  # For resultsets, there's an even quicker shortcut:
  $c->model('FilmDB::Actor')
  # is the same as $c->model('FilmDB')->resultset('Actor')

  # To get the composed schema for making new connections:
  my $newconn = $c->model('FilmDB')->composed_schema->connect(...);

  # Or the same thing via a convenience shortcut:
  my $newconn = $c->model('FilmDB')->connect(...);

  # or, if your schema works on different storage drivers:
  my $newconn = $c->model('FilmDB')->composed_schema->clone();
  $newconn->storage_type('::LDAP');
  $newconn->connection(...);

  # and again, a convenience shortcut
  my $newconn = $c->model('FilmDB')->clone();
  $newconn->storage_type('::LDAP');
  $newconn->connection(...);

To set up authentication, see "Setting up DBIC authentication" below.

DESCRIPTION ^

This is a Catalyst Model for DBIx::Class::Schema-based Models. See the documentation for Catalyst::Helper::Model::DBIC::Schema for information on generating these Models via Helper scripts.

When your Catalyst app starts up, a thin Model layer is created as an interface to your DBIC Schema. It should be clearly noted that the model object returned by $c->model('FilmDB') is NOT itself a DBIC schema or resultset object, but merely a wrapper proving methods to access the underlying schema.

In addition to this model class, a shortcut class is generated for each source in the schema, allowing easy and direct access to a resultset of the corresponding type. These generated classes are even thinner than the model class, providing no public methods but simply hooking into Catalyst's model() accessor via the ACCEPT_CONTEXT mechanism. The complete contents of each generated class is roughly equivalent to the following:

  package MyApp::Model::FilmDB::Actor
  sub ACCEPT_CONTEXT {
      my ($self, $c) = @_;
      $c->model('FilmDB')->resultset('Actor');
  }

In short, there are three techniques available for obtaining a DBIC resultset object:

  # the long way
  my $rs = $c->model('FilmDB')->schema->resultset('Actor');

  # using the shortcut method on the model object
  my $rs = $c->model('FilmDB')->resultset('Actor');

  # using the generated class directly
  my $rs = $c->model('FilmDB::Actor');

In order to add methods to a DBIC resultset, you cannot simply add them to the source (row, table) definition class; you must define a separate custom resultset class. This is just a matter of making a lib/MyApp/Schema/ResultSet/Actor.pm class that inherits from DBIx::Class::ResultSet, if you are using "load_namespaces" in DBIx::Class::Schema, the default for helper script generated schemas.

See "Predefined searches" in DBIx::Class::Manual::Cookbook for information on definining your own DBIx::Class::ResultSet classes for use with "load_classes" in DBIx::Class::Schema, the old default.

CONFIG PARAMETERS ^

schema_class

This is the classname of your DBIx::Class::Schema Schema. It needs to be findable in @INC, but it does not need to be inside the Catalyst::Model:: namespace. This parameter is required.

connect_info

This is a hashref or arrayref of connection parameters, which are specific to your storage_type (see your storage type documentation for more details). If you only need one parameter (e.g. the DSN), you can just pass a string.

This is not required if schema_class already has connection information defined inside itself (which isn't highly recommended, but can be done.)

For DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI, which is the only supported storage_type in DBIx::Class at the time of this writing, the parameters are your dsn, username, password, and connect options hashref.

See "connect_info" in DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI for a detailed explanation of the arguments supported.

Examples:

  connect_info => {
    dsn => 'dbi:Pg:dbname=mypgdb',
    user => 'postgres',
    password => ''
  }

  connect_info => {
    dsn => 'dbi:SQLite:dbname=foo.db',
    on_connect_do => [
      'PRAGMA synchronous = OFF',
    ]
  }

  connect_info => {
    dsn => 'dbi:Pg:dbname=mypgdb',
    user => 'postgres',
    password => '',
    pg_enable_utf8 => 1,
    on_connect_do => [
      'some SQL statement',
      'another SQL statement',
    ],
  }

Or using Config::General:

    <Model::FilmDB>
        schema_class   MyApp::Schema::FilmDB
        traits Caching
        <connect_info>
            dsn   dbi:Pg:dbname=mypgdb
            user   postgres
            password ""
            auto_savepoint 1
            quote_names 1
            on_connect_do   some SQL statement
            on_connect_do   another SQL statement
        </connect_info>
        user_defined_schema_accessor foo
    </Model::FilmDB>

or

    <Model::FilmDB>
        schema_class   MyApp::Schema::FilmDB
        connect_info   dbi:SQLite:dbname=foo.db
    </Model::FilmDB>

Or using YAML:

  Model::MyDB:
      schema_class: MyDB
      traits: Caching
      connect_info:
          dsn: dbi:Oracle:mydb
          user: mtfnpy
          password: mypass
          LongReadLen: 1000000
          LongTruncOk: 1
          on_connect_call: 'datetime_setup'
          quote_names: 1

The old arrayref style with hashrefs for DBI then DBIx::Class options is also supported:

  connect_info => [
    'dbi:Pg:dbname=mypgdb',
    'postgres',
    '',
    {
      pg_enable_utf8 => 1,
    },
    {
      auto_savepoint => 1,
      on_connect_do => [
        'some SQL statement',
        'another SQL statement',
      ],
    }
  ]

traits

Array of Traits to apply to the instance. Traits are Moose::Roles.

They are relative to the MyApp::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::, then the Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema:: namespaces, unless prefixed with + in which case they are taken to be a fully qualified name. E.g.:

    traits Caching
    traits +MyApp::TraitFor::Model::Foo

A new instance is created at application time, so any consumed required attributes, coercions and modifiers will work.

Traits are applied at "COMPONENT" in Catalyst::Component time using CatalystX::Component::Traits.

ref $self will be an anon class if any traits are applied, $self->_original_class_name will be the original class.

When writing a Trait, interesting points to modify are BUILD, "setup" and "ACCEPT_CONTEXT".

Traits that come with the distribution:

Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::Caching
Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::Replicated
Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::SchemaProxy

storage_type

Allows the use of a different storage_type than what is set in your schema_class (which in turn defaults to ::DBI if not set in current DBIx::Class). Completely optional, and probably unnecessary for most people until other storage backends become available for DBIx::Class.

ATTRIBUTES ^

The keys you pass in the model configuration are available as attributes.

Other attributes available:

connect_info

Your connect_info args normalized to hashref form (with dsn/user/password.) See "connect_info" in DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI for more info on the hashref form of "connect_info".

model_name

The model name Catalyst uses to resolve this model, the part after ::Model:: or ::M:: in your class name. E.g. if your class name is MyApp::Model::DB the "model_name" will be DB.

_default_cursor_class

What to reset your "cursor_class" in DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI to if a custom one doesn't work out. Defaults to DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Cursor.

ATTRIBUTES FROM MooseX::Traits::Pluggable ^

_original_class_name

The class name of your model before any "traits" are applied. E.g. MyApp::Model::DB.

_traits

Unresolved arrayref of traits passed in the config.

_resolved_traits

Traits you used resolved to full class names.

CONFIGURING YOUR SCHEMA AND RESULTSETS ^

See the documentation for Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::SchemaProxy for instructions on how to pass config values from your Catalyst config to your DBIx::Class::Schema and/or DBIx::Class::ResultSet classes.

METHODS ^

new

Instantiates the Model based on the above-documented ->config parameters. The only required parameter is schema_class. connect_info is required in the case that schema_class does not already have connection information defined for it.

schema

Accessor which returns the connected schema being used by the this model. There are direct shortcuts on the model class itself for schema->resultset, schema->source, and schema->class.

composed_schema

Accessor which returns the composed schema, which has no connection info, which was used in constructing the schema above. Useful for creating new connections based on the same schema/model. There are direct shortcuts from the model object for composed_schema->clone and composed_schema->connect

clone

Shortcut for ->composed_schema->clone

connect

Shortcut for ->composed_schema->connect

source

Shortcut for ->schema->source

class

Shortcut for ->schema->class

resultset

Shortcut for ->schema->resultset

txn_do

Shortcut for ->schema->txn_do

txn_scope_guard

Shortcut for ->schema->txn_scope_guard

storage

Provides an accessor for the connected schema's storage object.

See DBIx::Class::Storage and DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI.

setup

Called at BUILD time before configuration, but after "connect_info" is set. To do something after configuuration use after BUILD =>.

Receives a hashref of args passed to BUILD.

ACCEPT_CONTEXT

Point of extension for doing things at $c->model time with context, returns the model instance, see "ACCEPT_CONTEXT" in Catalyst::Manual::Intro for more information.

ENVIRONMENT ^

CMDS_NO_SOURCES

Set this variable if you will be using schemas with no sources (Result classes) to disable the warning. The warning is there because having no Result classes is usually a mistake.

Setting up DBIC authentication ^

You can set this up with Catalyst::Authentication::Store::DBIx::Class in MyApp.pm:

  package MyApp;

  use Catalyst qw/... Authentication .../;

  ...

  __PACKAGE__->config('Plugin::Authentication' =>
                {
                    default_realm => 'members',
                    members => {
                        credential => {
                            class => 'Password',
                            password_field => 'password',
                            password_type => 'hashed'
                            password_hash_type => 'SHA-256'
                        },
                        store => {
                            class => 'DBIx::Class',
                            user_model => 'DB::User',
                            role_relation => 'roles',
                            role_field => 'rolename',
                        }
                    }
                });

METHOD PROXYING ^

The automatic proxying to the underlying DBIx::Class::Schema has been removed as of version 0.34, to enable this feature add SchemaProxy to "traits".

See Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::SchemaProxy.

SEE ALSO ^

General Catalyst Stuff:

Catalyst::Manual, Catalyst::Test, Catalyst::Request, Catalyst::Response, Catalyst::Helper, Catalyst,

Stuff related to DBIC and this Model style:

DBIx::Class, DBIx::Class::Schema, DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader, Catalyst::Helper::Model::DBIC::Schema, CatalystX::Component::Traits, MooseX::Traits::Pluggable

Traits:

Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::Caching, Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::Replicated, Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::SchemaProxy, Catalyst::TraitFor::Model::DBIC::Schema::QueryLog

AUTHOR ^

Brandon L Black blblack at gmail.com

CONTRIBUTORS ^

caelum: Rafael Kitover rkitover at cpan.org

dandv: Dan Dascalescu dandv at cpan.org

bluefeet: Aran Deltac bluefeet@cpan.org

t0m: Tomas Doran bobtfish@bobtfish.net

osfameron: osfameron@cpan.org

ozum: Ozum Eldogan ozum@ozum.net

Pavel I. Shaydo zwon@trinitum.org

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2006 - 2010 the Catalyst::Model::DBIC::Schema "AUTHOR" and "CONTRIBUTORS" as listed above.

LICENSE ^

This program is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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