Morgane Oger > SVG-2.50 > SVG::Element

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Module Version: 2.50   Source   Latest Release: SVG-2.59

NAME ^

SVG::Element - Generate the element bits for SVG.pm

AUTHOR ^

Ronan Oger, cpan@roitsystems.com

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1),SVG,SVG::XML,SVG::Element,SVG::Parser, SVG::Manual http://www.roitsystems.com/ ROASP.com: Serverside SVG server http://www.roitsystems.com/ ROIT Systems: Commercial SVG perl solutions http://www.w3c.org/Graphics/SVG/ SVG at the W3C

tag (alias: element)

$tag = $SVG->tag($name, %attributes)

Generic element generator. Creates the element named $name with the attributes specified in %attributes. This method is the basis of most of the explicit element generators.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->tag('g', transform=>'rotate(-45)');

anchor

$tag = $SVG->anchor(%attributes)

Generate an anchor element. Anchors are put around objects to make them 'live' (i.e. clickable). It therefore requires a drawn object or group element as a child.

optional anchor attributes

the following attributes are expected for anchor tags (any any tags which use -href links):

-href required =head2 -type optional =head2 -role optional =head2 -title optional =head2 -show optional =head2 -arcrole optional =head2 -actuate optional =head2 target optional

For more information on the options, refer to the w3c XLink specification at http://www.w3.org/TR/xlink/

Example:

    # generate an anchor    
    $tag = $SVG->anchor(
         -href=>'http://here.com/some/simpler/SVG.SVG'
         -title => 'new window 2 example title',
         -actuate => 'onLoad',
         -show=> 'embed',

    );

for more information about the options above, refer to Link section in the SVG recommendation: http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG11/linking.html#Links

    # add a circle to the anchor. The circle can be clicked on.
    $tag->circle(cx=>10,cy=>10,r=>1);

    # more complex anchor with both URL and target
    $tag = $SVG->anchor(
          -href   => 'http://somewhere.org/some/other/page.html',
          target => 'new_window'
    );

circle

$tag = $SVG->circle(%attributes)

Draw a circle at (cx,cy) with radius r.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->circlecx=>4, cy=>2, r=>1);

ellipse

$tag = $SVG->ellipse(%attributes)

Draw an ellipse at (cx,cy) with radii rx,ry.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->ellipse(
        cx=>10, cy=>10,
        rx=>5, ry=>7,
        id=>'ellipse',
        style=>{
            'stroke'=>'red',
            'fill'=>'green',
            'stroke-width'=>'4',
            'stroke-opacity'=>'0.5',
            'fill-opacity'=>'0.2'
        }
    );

rectangle (alias: rect)

$tag = $SVG->rectangle(%attributes)

Draw a rectangle at (x,y) with width 'width' and height 'height' and side radii 'rx' and 'ry'.

Example:

    $tag = $SVG->rectangle(
        x=>10, y=>20,
        width=>4, height=>5,
        rx=>5.2, ry=>2.4,
        id=>'rect_1'
    );

image

 $tag = $SVG->image(%attributes)

Draw an image at (x,y) with width 'width' and height 'height' linked to image resource '-href'. See also "use".

Example:

    $tag = $SVG->image(
        x=>100, y=>100,
        width=>300, height=>200,
        '-href'=>"image.png", #may also embed SVG, e.g. "image.SVG"
        id=>'image_1'
    );

Output:

    <image xlink:href="image.png" x="100" y="100" width="300" height="200"/>

use

$tag = $SVG->use(%attributes)

Retrieve the content from an entity within an SVG document and apply it at (x,y) with width 'width' and height 'height' linked to image resource '-href'.

Example:

    $tag = $SVG->use(
        x=>100, y=>100,
        width=>300, height=>200,
        '-href'=>"pic.SVG#image_1",
        id=>'image_1'
    );

Output:

    <use xlink:href="pic.SVG#image_1" x="100" y="100" width="300" height="200"/>

According to the SVG specification, the 'use' element in SVG can point to a single element within an external SVG file.

polygon

$tag = $SVG->polygon(%attributes)

Draw an n-sided polygon with vertices at points defined by a string of the form 'x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3,... xy,yn'. The "get_path" method is provided as a convenience to generate a suitable string from coordinate data.

Example:

    # a five-sided polygon
    my $xv = [0,2,4,5,1];
    my $yv = [0,0,2,7,5];

    $points = $a->get_path(
        x=>$xv, y=>$yv,
        -type=>'polygon'
    );

    $c = $a->polygon(
        %$points,
        id=>'pgon1',
        style=>\%polygon_style
    );

SEE ALSO:

"polyline", "path", "get_path".

polyline

$tag = $SVG->polyline(%attributes)

Draw an n-point polyline with points defined by a string of the form 'x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3,... xy,yn'. The "get_path" method is provided as a convenience to generate a suitable string from coordinate data.

Example:

    # a 10-pointsaw-tooth pattern
    my $xv = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9];
    my $yv = [0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1];

    $points = $a->get_path(
        x=>$xv, y=>$yv,
        -type=>'polyline',
        -closed=>'true' #specify that the polyline is closed.
    );

    my $tag = $a->polyline (
        %$points,
        id=>'pline_1',
        style=>{
            'fill-opacity'=>0,
            'stroke-color'=>'rgb(250,123,23)'
        }
    );

line

$tag = $SVG->line(%attributes)

Draw a straight line between two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2).

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->line(
        id=>'l1',
        x1=>0, y1=>10,
        x2=>10, y2=>0
    );

To draw multiple connected lines, use "polyline".

text

$text = $SVG->text(%attributes)->cdata();

$text_path = $SVG->text(-type=>'path'); $text_span = $text_path->text(-type=>'span')->cdata('A'); $text_span = $text_path->text(-type=>'span')->cdata('B'); $text_span = $text_path->text(-type=>'span')->cdata('C');

define the container for a text string to be drawn in the image.

Input: -type = path type (path | polyline | polygon) -type = text element type (path | span | normal [default])

Example:

    my $text1 = $SVG->text(
        id=>'l1', x=>10, y=>10
    )->cdata('hello, world');

    my $text2 = $SVG->text(
        id=>'l1', x=>10, y=>10, -cdata=>'hello, world');

    my $text = $SVG->text(
        id=>'tp', x=>10, y=>10 -type=>path)
        ->text(id=>'ts' -type=>'span')
        ->cdata('hello, world');

SEE ALSO:

    L<"desc">, L<"cdata">.

title

$tag = $SVG->title(%attributes)

Generate the title of the image.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->title(id=>'document-title')->cdata('This is the title');

desc

$tag = $SVG->desc(%attributes)

Generate the description of the image.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->desc(id=>'document-desc')->cdata('This is a description');

comment

$tag = $SVG->comment(@comments)

Generate the description of the image.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->comment('comment 1','comment 2','comment 3');

$tag = $SVG->pi(@pi)

Generate (or adds) a set of processing instructions which go at the beginning of the document after the xml start tag

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->pi('instruction one','instruction two','instruction three');

    returns: 
      <?instruction one?>
      <?instruction two?>
      <?instruction three?>

script

$tag = $SVG->script(%attributes)

Generate a script container for dynamic (client-side) scripting using ECMAscript, Javascript or other compatible scripting language.

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->script(type=>"text/ecmascript");

    # populate the script tag with cdata
    # be careful to manage the javascript line ends.
    # qq|text| or qq§text§ where text is the script 
    # works well for this.

    $tag->CDATA(qq|function d(){
        //simple display function
        for(cnt = 0; cnt < d.length; cnt++)
            document.write(d[cnt]);//end for loop
        document.write("<BR>");//write a line break
      }|
    );
    # create an svg external script reference to an outside file
    my $tag2 = SVG->script(type=>"text/ecmascript", -href="/scripts/example.es");

style

$tag = $SVG->style(%attributes)

Generate a style container for inline or xlink:href based styling instructions

Example:

    my $tag = $SVG->style(type=>"text/css");

    # populate the style tag with cdata
    # be careful to manage the line ends.
    # qq|text| or qq§text§ where text is the script
    # works well for this.

    $tag1->CDATA(qq|
        rect     fill:red;stroke:green;
        circle   fill:red;stroke:orange;
        ellipse  fill:none;stroke:yellow;
        text     fill:black;stroke:none;
        |);
    
    # create a external css stylesheet reference
    my $tag2 = $SVG->style(type=>"text/css", -href="/resources/example.css");

path

$tag = $SVG->path(%attributes)

Draw a path element. The path vertices may be imputed as a parameter or calculated usingthe "get_path" method.

Example:

    # a 10-pointsaw-tooth pattern drawn with a path definition
    my $xv = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9];
    my $yv = [0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1];

    $points = $a->get_path(
        x => $xv,
        y => $yv,
        -type   => 'path',
        -closed => 'true'  #specify that the polyline is closed
    );

    $tag = $SVG->path(
        %$points,
        id    => 'pline_1',
        style => {
            'fill-opacity' => 0,
            'fill-color'   => 'green',
            'stroke-color' => 'rgb(250,123,23)'
        }
    );

SEE ALSO:

"get_path".

get_path

$path = $SVG->get_path(%attributes)

Returns the text string of points correctly formatted to be incorporated into the multi-point SVG drawing object definitions (path, polyline, polygon)

Input: attributes including:

    -type     = path type (path | polyline | polygon)
    x         = reference to array of x coordinates
    y         = reference to array of y coordinates

Output: a hash reference consisting of the following key-value pair:

    points    = the appropriate points-definition string
    -type     = path|polygon|polyline
    -relative = 1 (define relative position rather than absolute position)
    -closed   = 1 (close the curve - path and polygon only)

Example:

    #generate an open path definition for a path.
    my ($points,$p);
    $points = $SVG->get_path(x=&gt\@x,y=&gt\@y,-relative=&gt1,-type=&gt'path');
 
    #add the path to the SVG document
    my $p = $SVG->path(%$path, style=>\%style_definition);

    #generate an closed path definition for a a polyline.
    $points = $SVG->get_path(
        x=>\@x,
        y=>\@y,
        -relative=>1,
        -type=>'polyline',
        -closed=>1
    ); # generate a closed path definition for a polyline

    # add the polyline to the SVG document
    $p = $SVG->polyline(%$points, id=>'pline1');

Aliases: get_path set_path

animate

$tag = $SVG->animate(%attributes)

Generate an SMIL animation tag. This is allowed within any nonempty tag. Refer\ to the W3C for detailed information on the subtleties of the animate SMIL commands.

Inputs: -method = Transform | Motion | Color

  my $an_ellipse = $SVG->ellipse(
      cx=>30,cy=>150,rx=>10,ry=>10,id=>'an_ellipse',
      stroke=>'rgb(130,220,70)',fill=>'rgb(30,20,50)'); 

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"cx",values=>"20; 200; 20",dur=>"10s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"rx",values=>"10;30;20;100;50",
      dur=>"10s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"ry",values=>"30;50;10;20;70;150",
      dur=>"15s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"rx",values=>"30;75;10;100;20;20;150",
      dur=>"20s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"fill",values=>"red;green;blue;cyan;yellow",
      dur=>"5s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"fill-opacity",values=>"0;1;0.5;0.75;1",
      dur=>"20s",repeatDur=>'indefinite');

  $an_ellipse-> animate(
      attributeName=>"stroke-width",values=>"1;3;2;10;5",
      dur=>"20s",repeatDur=>'indefinite');

group

$tag = $SVG->group(%attributes)

Define a group of objects with common properties. groups can have style, animation, filters, transformations, and mouse actions assigned to them.

Example:

    $tag = $SVG->group(
        id        => 'xvs000248',
        style     => {
            'font'      => [ qw( Arial Helvetica sans ) ],
            'font-size' => 10,
            'fill'      => 'red',
        },
        transform => 'rotate(-45)'
    );

defs

$tag = $SVG->defs(%attributes)

define a definition segment. A Defs requires children when defined using SVG.pm Example:

    $tag = $SVG->defs(id  =>  'def_con_one',);

style

$SVG->style(%styledef)

Sets/Adds style-definition for the following objects being created.

Style definitions apply to an object and all its children for all properties for which the value of the property is not redefined by the child.

mouseaction

$SVG->mouseaction(%attributes)

Sets/Adds mouse action definitions for tag

$SVG->attrib($name, $value)

Sets/Adds attributes of an element.

Retrieve an attribute:

    $svg->attrib($name);

Set a scalar attribute:

    $SVG->attrib $name, $value

Set a list attribute:

    $SVG->attrib $name, \@value

Set a hash attribute (i.e. style definitions):

    $SVG->attrib $name, \%value

Remove an attribute:

    $svg->attrib($name,undef);

Aliases: attr attribute

cdata

$SVG->cdata($text)

Sets cdata to $text. SVG.pm allows you to set cdata for any tag. If the tag is meant to be an empty tag, SVG.pm will not complain, but the rendering agent will fail. In the SVG DTD, cdata is generally only meant for adding text or script content.

Example:

    $SVG->text(
        style => {
            'font'      => 'Arial',
            'font-size' => 20
        })->cdata('SVG.pm is a perl module on CPAN!');

    my $text = $SVG->text(style=>{'font'=>'Arial','font-size'=>20});
    $text->cdata('SVG.pm is a perl module on CPAN!');

Result:

    E<lt>text style="font: Arial; font-size: 20" E<gt>SVG.pm is a perl module on CPAN!E<lt>/text E<gt>

SEE ALSO:

  L<"CDATA"> L<"desc">, L<"title">, L<"text">, L<"script">.

CDATA

 $script = $SVG->script();
 $script->CDATA($text);

Generates a <![CDATA[ ... ]]> tag with the contents of $text rendered exactly as supplied. SVG.pm allows you to set cdata for any tag. If the tag is meant to be an empty tag, SVG.pm will not complain, but the rendering agent will fail. In the SVG DTD, cdata is generally only meant for adding text or script content.

Example:

      my $text = qq§
        var SVGDoc;
        var groups = new Array();
        var last_group;
        
        /*****
        *
        *   init
        *
        *   Find this SVG's document element
        *   Define members of each group by id
        *
        *****/
        function init(e) {
            SVGDoc = e.getTarget().getOwnerDocument();
            append_group(1, 4, 6); // group 0
            append_group(5, 4, 3); // group 1
            append_group(2, 3);    // group 2
        }§;
        $SVG->script()->CDATA($text);

Result:

    E<lt>script E<gt>
      <gt>![CDATA[
        var SVGDoc;
        var groups = new Array();
        var last_group;
        
        /*****
        *
        *   init
        *
        *   Find this SVG's document element
        *   Define members of each group by id
        *
        *****/
        function init(e) {
            SVGDoc = e.getTarget().getOwnerDocument();
            append_group(1, 4, 6); // group 0
            append_group(5, 4, 3); // group 1
            append_group(2, 3);    // group 2
        }
        ]]E<gt>

SEE ALSO:

  L<"cdata">, L<"script">.

filter

$tag = $SVG->filter(%attributes)

Generate a filter. Filter elements contain "fe" filter sub-elements.

Example:

    my $filter = $SVG->filter(
        filterUnits=>"objectBoundingBox",
        x=>"-10%",
        y=>"-10%",
        width=>"150%",
        height=>"150%",
        filterUnits=>'objectBoundingBox'
    );

    $filter->fe();

SEE ALSO:

"fe".

fe

$tag = $SVG->fe(-type=>'type', %attributes)

Generate a filter sub-element. Must be a child of a "filter" element.

Example:

    my $fe = $SVG->fe(
        -type     => 'diffuselighting'  # required - element name in lower case omiting 'fe'
        id        => 'filter_1',
        style     => {
            'font'      => [ qw(Arial Helvetica sans) ],
            'font-size' => 10,
            'fill'      => 'red',
        },
        transform => 'rotate(-45)'
    );

Note that the following filter elements are currently supported: Also note that the elelemts are defined in lower case in the module, but as of version 2.441, any case combination is allowed.

* feBlend

* feColorMatrix

* feComponentTransfer

* feComposite

* feConvolveMatrix

* feDiffuseLighting

* feDisplacementMap

* feDistantLight

* feFlood

* feFuncA

* feFuncB

* feFuncG

* feFuncR

* feGaussianBlur

* feImage

* feMerge

* feMergeNode

* feMorphology

* feOffset

* fePointLight

* feSpecularLighting

* feSpotLight

* feTile

* feTurbulence

SEE ALSO:

"filter".

pattern

$tag = $SVG->pattern(%attributes)

Define a pattern for later reference by url.

Example:

    my $pattern = $SVG->pattern(
        id     => "Argyle_1",
        width  => "50",
        height => "50",
        patternUnits        => "userSpaceOnUse",
        patternContentUnits => "userSpaceOnUse"
    );

set

$tag = $SVG->set(%attributes)

Set a definition for an SVG object in one section, to be referenced in other sections as needed.

Example:

    my $set = $SVG->set(
        id     => "Argyle_1",
        width  => "50",
        height => "50",
        patternUnits        => "userSpaceOnUse",
        patternContentUnits => "userSpaceOnUse"
    );

stop

$tag = $SVG->stop(%attributes)

Define a stop boundary for "gradient"

Example:

   my $pattern = $SVG->stop(
       id     => "Argyle_1",
       width  => "50",
       height => "50",
       patternUnits        => "userSpaceOnUse",
       patternContentUnits => "userSpaceOnUse"
   );

$tag = $SVG->gradient(%attributes)

Define a color gradient. Can be of type linear or radial

Example:

    my $gradient = $SVG->gradient(
        -type => "linear",
        id    => "gradient_1"
    );

GENERIC ELEMENT METHODS ^

The following elements are generically supported by SVG:

* altGlyph

* altGlyphDef

* altGlyphItem

* clipPath

* color-profile

* cursor

* definition-src

* font-face-format

* font-face-name

* font-face-src

* font-face-url

* foreignObject

* glyph

* glyphRef

* hkern

* marker

* mask

* metadata

* missing-glyph

* mpath

* switch

* symbol

* tref

* view

* vkern

See e.g. "pattern" for an example of the use of these methods.

syntax highlighting: