Руслан У. Закиров > RTx-Shredder-0.07 > RTx::Shredder

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NAME ^

RTx::Shredder - Cleanup RT database

SYNOPSIS ^

CLI

  rtx-shredder --force --plugin 'Tickets=queue,general;status,deleted'

API

Same action as in CLI example, but from perl script:

  use RTx::Shredder;
  RTx::Shredder::Init( force => 1 );
  my $deleted = RT::Tickets->new( $RT::SystemUser );
  $deleted->{'allow_deleted_search'} = 1;
  $deleted->LimitQueue( VALUE => 'general' );
  $deleted->LimitStatus( VALUE => 'deleted' );
  while( my $t = $deleted->Next ) {
      $t->Wipeout;
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

RTx::Shredder is extention to RT API which allow you to delete data from RT database. Now Shredder support wipe out of almost all RT objects (Tickets, Transactions, Attachments, Users...)

Command line tools(CLI)

rtx-shredder script that is shipped with the distribution allow you to delete objects from command line or with system tasks scheduler(cron or other).

Web based interface(WebUI)

Shredder's WebUI integrates into RT's WebUI and you can find it under Configuration->Tools->Shredder tab. This interface is similar to CLI and give you the same functionality, but it's available from browser.

API

RTx::Shredder modules is extension to RT API which add(push) methods into base RT classes. API is not well documented yet, but you can find usage examples in rtx-shredder script code and in t/* files.

CONFIGURATION ^

$RT::DependenciesLimit

Shredder stops with error if object has more then $RT::DependenciesLimit dependencies. By default this value is 1000. For example: ticket has 1000 transactions or transaction has 1000 attachments. This is protection from bugs in shredder code, but sometimes when you have big mail loops you may hit it. You can change default value, in RT_SiteConfig.pm add Set( $DependenciesLimit, new_limit );

$ShredderStoragePath

By default shredder saves dumps in /path-to-RT-var-dir/data/RTx-Shredder, with this option you can change path, but note that value should be absolute path to the dir you want.

API DESCRIPTION ^

RTx::Shredder class implements interfaces to objects cache, actions on the objects in the cache and backups storage.

Dependencies

GENERIC

Init( %options )

Sets shredder defaults, loads RT config and init RT interface.

NOTE that this is function and must be called with RTx::Shredder::Init();.

TODO: describe possible shredder options.

new( %options )

Shredder object constructor takes options hash and returns new object.

CastObjectsToRecords( Objects => undef )

Cast objects to the RT::Record objects or its ancesstors. Objects can be passed as SCALAR (format <class>-<id>), ARRAY, RT::Record ancesstors or RT::SearchBuilder ancesstor.

Most methods that takes Objects argument use this method to cast argument value to list of records.

Returns array of the records.

For example:

    my @objs = $shredder->CastObjectsToRecords(
        Objects => [             # ARRAY reference
            'RT::Attachment-10', # SCALAR or SCALAR reference
            $tickets,            # RT::Tickets object (isa RT::SearchBuilder)
            $user,               # RT::User object (isa RT::Record)
        ],
    );

OBJECTS CACHE

PutObjects( Objects => undef )

Puts objects into cache.

Returns array of the cache entries.

See CastObjectsToRecords method for supported types of the Objects argument.

PutObject( Object => undef )

Puts record object into cache and returns its cache entry.

NOTE that this method support only RT::Record object or its ancesstor objects, if you want put mutliple objects or objects represented by different classes then use PutObjects method instead.

GetObject, GetState, GetRecord( String => ''| Object => '' )

Returns record object from cache, cache entry state or cache entry accordingly.

All three methods takes String (format <class>-<id>) or Object argument. String argument has more priority than Object so if it's not empty then methods leave Object argument unchecked.

You can read about possible states and thier meaning in RTx::Shredder::Constants docs.

DEPENDENCIES RESOLVERS

DATA STORAGE AND BACKUPS

Shredder allow you to store data you delete in files as scripts with SQL commands.

SetFile( FileName => '<ISO DATETIME>-XXXX.sql', FromStorage => 1 )

Calls GetFileName method to check and translate file name, then checks if file is empty, opens it. After this you can dump records with DumpSQL method.

Returns name and handle.

NOTE: If file allready exists then file content would be overriden. Also in this situation method prints warning to the STDERR unless force shredder's option is used.

Examples: # file from storage with default name format my ($fname, $fh) = $shredder->SetFile; # file from storage with custom name format my ($fname, $fh) = $shredder->SetFile( FileName => 'shredder-XXXX.backup' ); # file with path relative to the current dir my ($fname, $fh) = $shredder->SetFile( FromStorage => 0, FileName => 'backups/shredder.sql' ); # file with absolute path my ($fname, $fh) = $shredder->SetFile( FromStorage => 0, FileName => '/var/backups/shredder-XXXX.sql' );

GetFileName( FileName => '<ISO DATETIME>-XXXX.sql', FromStorage => 1 )

Takes desired FileName and flag FromStorage then translate file name to absolute path by next rules: * Default FileName value is <ISO DATETIME>-XXXX.sql; * if FileName has XXXX (exactly four uppercase X letters) then it would be changed with digits from 0000 to 9999 range, with first one notexistant value; * if FromStorage argument is true then result path would always be relative to StoragePath; * if FromStorage argument is false then result would be relative to the current dir unless it's allready absolute path.

Returns file absolute path.

See example for method SetFile

StoragePath

Returns absolute path to storage dir. By default it's /path-to-RT-var-dir/data/RTx-Shredder/ (in default RT install would be /opt/rt3/var/data/RTx-Shredder), but you can change this value with config option $RT::ShredderStoragePath. See CONFIGURATION sections in this doc.

See SetFile and GetFileName methods description.

NOTES ^

Database indexes

To speed up shredding you can add several indexes to your DB.

    CREATE INDEX SHREDDER_CGM1 ON CachedGroupMembers(MemberId, GroupId, Disabled);
    CREATE INDEX SHREDDER_CGM2 ON CachedGroupMembers(ImmediateParentId, MemberId);

    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX SHREDDER_GM1 ON GroupMembers(MemberId, GroupId);

    CREATE INDEX SHREDDER_TXN1 ON Transactions(ReferenceType, OldReference);
    CREATE INDEX SHREDDER_TXN2 ON Transactions(ReferenceType, NewReference);
    CREATE INDEX SHREDDER_TXN3 ON Transactions(Type, OldValue);
    CREATE INDEX SHREDDER_TXN4 ON Transactions(Type, NewValue);

If shredding is slow anyway then you have to get list of slow queries, for example mysql has special options to turn on log of slow queries, queries that takes more than one second can be considered as slow, then send the log to the "AUTHOR".

Database transactions support

Since RTx-Shredder-0.03_01 extension uses database transactions and should be much safer to run on production servers.

Foreign keys

Mainstream RT doesn't use FKs, but at least I posted DDL script that creates them in mysql DB, note that if you use FKs then this two valid keys don't allow delete Tickets because of bug in MySQL:

  ALTER TABLE Tickets ADD FOREIGN KEY (EffectiveId) REFERENCES Tickets(id);
  ALTER TABLE CachedGroupMembers ADD FOREIGN KEY (Via) REFERENCES CachedGroupMembers(id);

http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=4042

BUGS AND HOW TO CONTRIBUTE ^

I need your feedback in all cases: if you use it or not, is it works for you or not.

Testing

Don't skip make test step while install and send me reports if it's fails. Add your own tests, it's easy enough if you've writen at list one perl script that works with RT. Read more about testing in t/utils.pl.

Reporting

Send reports to "AUTHOR" or to the RT mailing lists.

Documentation

Many bugs in the docs: insanity, spelling, gramar and so on. Patches are wellcome.

Todo

Please, see Todo file, it has some technical notes about what I plan to do, when I'll do it, also it describes some problems code has.

Repository

You can find repository of this project at https://opensvn.csie.org/rtx_shredder

AUTHOR ^

    Ruslan U. Zakirov <Ruslan.Zakirov@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT ^

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

The full text of the license can be found in the Perl distribution.

SEE ALSO ^

rtx-shredder, rtx-validator

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