Rutger Vos > Bio-Phylo-0.56 > Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix

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NAME ^

Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix - Character state matrix

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Bio::Phylo::Factory;
 my $fac = Bio::Phylo::Factory->new;

 # instantiate taxa object
 my $taxa = $fac->create_taxa;
 for ( 'Homo sapiens', 'Pan paniscus', 'Pan troglodytes' ) {
     $taxa->insert( $fac->create_taxon( '-name' => $_ ) );
 }

 # instantiate matrix object, 'standard' data type. All categorical
 # data types follow semantics like this, though with different
 # symbols in lookup table and matrix
 my $standard_matrix = $fac->create_matrix(
     '-type'   => 'STANDARD',
     '-taxa'   => $taxa,
     '-lookup' => { 
         '-' => [],
         '0' => [ '0' ],
         '1' => [ '1' ],
         '?' => [ '0', '1' ],
     },
     '-labels' => [ 'Opposable big toes', 'Opposable thumbs', 'Not a pygmy' ],
     '-matrix' => [
         [ 'Homo sapiens'    => '0', '1', '1' ],
         [ 'Pan paniscus'    => '1', '1', '0' ],
         [ 'Pan troglodytes' => '1', '1', '1' ],
     ],
 );
 
 # note: complicated constructor for mixed data!
 my $mixed_matrix = Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix->new( 
    
    # if you want to create 'mixed', value for '-type' is array ref...
    '-type' =>  [ 
    
        # ...with first field 'mixed'...                
        'mixed',
        
        # ...second field is an array ref...
        [
            
            # ...with _ordered_ key/value pairs...
            'dna'      => 10, # value is length of type range
            'standard' => 10, # value is length of type range
            
            # ... or, more complicated, value is a hash ref...
            'rna'      => {
                '-length' => 10, # value is length of type range
                
                # ...value for '-args' is an array ref with args 
                # as can be passed to 'unmixed' datatype constructors,
                # for example, here we modify the lookup table for
                # rna to allow both 'U' (default) and 'T'
                '-args'   => [
                    '-lookup' => {
                        'A' => [ 'A'                     ],
                        'C' => [ 'C'                     ],
                        'G' => [ 'G'                     ],
                        'U' => [ 'U'                     ],
                        'T' => [ 'T'                     ],
                        'M' => [ 'A', 'C'                ],
                        'R' => [ 'A', 'G'                ],
                        'S' => [ 'C', 'G'                ],
                        'W' => [ 'A', 'U', 'T'           ],
                        'Y' => [ 'C', 'U', 'T'           ],
                        'K' => [ 'G', 'U', 'T'           ],
                        'V' => [ 'A', 'C', 'G'           ],
                        'H' => [ 'A', 'C', 'U', 'T'      ],
                        'D' => [ 'A', 'G', 'U', 'T'      ],
                        'B' => [ 'C', 'G', 'U', 'T'      ],
                        'X' => [ 'G', 'A', 'U', 'T', 'C' ],
                        'N' => [ 'G', 'A', 'U', 'T', 'C' ],
                    },
                ],
            },
        ],
    ],
 );
 
 # prints 'mixed(Dna:1-10, Standard:11-20, Rna:21-30)'
 print $mixed_matrix->get_type;

DESCRIPTION ^

This module defines a container object that holds Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Datum objects. The matrix object inherits from Bio::Phylo::MatrixRole, so the methods defined there apply here.

METHODS ^

MUTATORS

set_statelabels()

Sets argument state labels.

 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_statelabels
 Usage   : $matrix->set_statelabels( [ [ 'state1', 'state2' ] ] );
 Function: Assigns state labels.
 Returns : $self
 Args    : ARRAY, or nothing (to reset);
           The array is two-dimensional, 
           the first index is to indicate
           the column the labels apply to,
           the second dimension the states
           (sorted numerically or alphabetically,
           depending on what's appropriate)
set_characters()

Sets the character set manager object Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Characters. Normally you never have to use this.

 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_characters
 Usage   : $matrix->set_characters( $characters );
 Function: Assigns Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Characters object
 Returns : $self
 Args    : Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Characters
set_gapmode()

Defines matrix gapmode.

 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_gapmode
 Usage   : $matrix->set_gapmode( 1 );
 Function: Defines matrix gapmode ( false = missing, true = fifth state )
 Returns : $self
 Args    : boolean
set_matchchar()

Assigns match symbol.

 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_matchchar
 Usage   : $matrix->set_matchchar( $match );
 Function: Assigns match symbol (default is '.').
 Returns : $self
 Args    : ARRAY
set_polymorphism()

Defines matrix 'polymorphism' interpretation.

 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_polymorphism
 Usage   : $matrix->set_polymorphism( 1 );
 Function: Defines matrix 'polymorphism' interpretation
           ( false = uncertainty, true = polymorphism )
 Returns : $self
 Args    : boolean
set_respectcase()

Defines matrix case sensitivity interpretation.

 Type    : Mutator
 Title   : set_respectcase
 Usage   : $matrix->set_respectcase( 1 );
 Function: Defines matrix case sensitivity interpretation
           ( false = disregarded, true = "respectcase" )
 Returns : $self
 Args    : boolean

ACCESSORS

get_characters()

Retrieves characters object.

 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_characters
 Usage   : my $characters = $matrix->get_characters
 Function: Retrieves characters object.
 Returns : Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Characters
 Args    : None.
get_statelabels()

Retrieves state labels.

 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_statelabels
 Usage   : my @statelabels = @{ $matrix->get_statelabels };
 Function: Retrieves state labels.
 Returns : ARRAY
 Args    : None.
get_gapmode()

Returns matrix gapmode.

 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_gapmode
 Usage   : do_something() if $matrix->get_gapmode;
 Function: Returns matrix gapmode ( false = missing, true = fifth state )
 Returns : boolean
 Args    : none
get_matchchar()

Returns matrix match character.

 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_matchchar
 Usage   : my $char = $matrix->get_matchchar;
 Function: Returns matrix match character (default is '.')
 Returns : SCALAR
 Args    : none
get_polymorphism()

Returns matrix 'polymorphism' interpretation.

 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_polymorphism
 Usage   : do_something() if $matrix->get_polymorphism;
 Function: Returns matrix 'polymorphism' interpretation
           ( false = uncertainty, true = polymorphism )
 Returns : boolean
 Args    : none
get_respectcase()

Returns matrix case sensitivity interpretation.

 Type    : Accessor
 Title   : get_respectcase
 Usage   : do_something() if $matrix->get_respectcase;
 Function: Returns matrix case sensitivity interpretation
           ( false = disregarded, true = "respectcase" )
 Returns : boolean
 Args    : none

SEE ALSO ^

There is a mailing list at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bio-phylo for any user or developer questions and discussions.

Bio::Phylo::Taxa::TaxaLinker

This object inherits from Bio::Phylo::Taxa::TaxaLinker, so the methods defined therein are also applicable to Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix objects.

Bio::Phylo::Matrices::TypeSafeData

This object inherits from Bio::Phylo::Matrices::TypeSafeData, so the methods defined therein are also applicable to Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix objects.

Bio::Phylo::Manual

Also see the manual: Bio::Phylo::Manual and http://rutgervos.blogspot.com.

CITATION ^

If you use Bio::Phylo in published research, please cite it:

Rutger A Vos, Jason Caravas, Klaas Hartmann, Mark A Jensen and Chase Miller, 2011. Bio::Phylo - phyloinformatic analysis using Perl. BMC Bioinformatics 12:63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-12-63

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