Peter Sergeant > WWW-Mechanize-Boilerplate-0.03 > WWW::Mechanize::Boilerplate

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NAME ^

WWW::Mechanize::Boilerplate - Compose Mechanize macros from specifications

DESCRIPTION ^

Create WWW::Mechanize `macros` with appropriate boiler plate

SYNOPSIS ^

Create a subclass to hold your methods

 package Test::My::Company::Client;
 use base 'WWW::Mechanize::Boilerplate';

 __PACKAGE__->create_fetch_method(
    method_name      => 'delorean__configuration',
    page_description => 'configuration page for the Delorean',
    page_url         => '/delorean/configuration'
 );

 __PACKAGE__->create_form_method(
    method_name       => 'delorean__configuration__flux_capacitor',
    form_name         => 'form-flux-capacitor'
    form_description  => 'recalibration form',
    assert_location   => qr!^/delorean/configuration/!,
    transform_fields  => sub {
        my ( $self, $units, $value ) = @_;
        return {
            value => $value,
            units => $units,
            understand_risks => 'confirmed'
        };
    },
 );

Then in your test script

 my $client = Test::My::Company::Client->new();

 $client->delorean__configuration()
        ->delorean__configuration__flux_capacitory( jigawatts => 10_000 );

Pretty debugging output

 #   ->delorean__configuration
 #       Retrieving the configuration page for the Delorean
 #       URL /delorean/configuration retrieved successfully via HTTP
 #       Retrieved the configuration page for the Delorean
 #       No status message shown
 #   ->delorean__configuration__flux_capacitor( 'jigawatts', 10_000 )
 #       URL [/delorean/configuration] matched assertion
 #       Searching for the recalibration form
 #       Submitting recalibration form
 #       URL /delorean/configuration?updated=1 retrieved successfully via HTTP
 #       No status message shown

We document the method-creation methods in "METHOD CREATION METHODS" below, and we document the interface in INTERFACE.

BACKGROUND ^

The Application

In the beginning, there was 'the application'. The application had 230 Apache handlers, each capturing one or more HTTP request. These HTTP requests often had subtly different CGI parameters, some only made sense when you were already on certain pages, and all of them, eventually, needed accessing from automated functional tests.

The tests didn't want to care about the underlying HTTP mechanism, or even the underlying HTML. The test just wanted to be able to say:

 $mech->flux_capacitor__submit_recallibration({
    jigawatts => 10_000
 });

So why not just use WWW::Mechanize? That's what it's for, right? You can simply say:

 $mech->submit_form( with_fields => {
    value => 10_000,
    units => 'jigawatts',
    understand_risks => 'confirmed'
 });

And this works just fine for a single test on the Flux Capacitor page.

It's a Trap!

But clearly this is a trap. Because as we're all adults, actually, we want to check we're on the right page first, because it'll be super confusing otherwise if the former method left us on the wrong page, and we're trying to work out why we're not writing to the database.

And we also want to add a whole bunch of optional diagnostic output to help the poor developer trying to read the output on Jenkins from where everything stopped working.

And actually, the form has two buttons for historical reasons, one of which should be used for over 1,000 jigawtts, and one for under. So you need to add the form selection code in too.

Did I mention 14 different test scripts use this page and need to submit the jigawatt form, and the team that sits across the office for you are making noises about changing the form structure in the next iteration?

Abstraction

All of this is pretty easily solved. You write a nice method against your WWW::Mechanize subclass called 'submit_the_flux_capacitor_form', and the problem is solved.

For that form, anyway. On that handler.

Now you just need to code up the next 400 possible HTTP actions your test might want to take, and you're home clear...

And that's the problem this module solves, for us. It allows you to very easily create methods that generate HTTP requests, with useful boiler plate, and most importantly, in data.

Here a simple example for creating a method for getting to the jigawat form:

 ->create_fetch_method(
    method_name      => 'delorean__configuration',
    page_description => 'configuration page for the Delorean',
    page_url         => '/delorean/configuration'
 );

And a more complicated one for a method for submitting it:

 ->create_form_method(

    # Name of the method we'll create
    method_name       => 'delorean__configuration__flux_capacitor',

    # Name of the form-element on the target page
    form_name         => 'form-flux-capacitor'

    # Human-readable description of the form we're targetting
    form_description  => 'recalibration form',

    # Check we're on the right page, by URI
    assert_location   => qr!^/delorean/configuration/!,

    # A code-ref to transform the user's arguments to this method to something
    # suitable for passing to Mechanize.
    transform_fields  => sub {
        my ( $self, $units, $value ) = @_;
        return {
            value => $value,
            units => $units,
            understand_risks => 'confirmed'
        };
    },
 );

And you'd use these as:

 $client->delorean__configuration
      ->delorean__configuration__flux_capacitor( jigawatts => 10_000 );

Optionally seeing the following output, via Test::More's note().

 #   ->delorean__configuration
 #       Retrieving the configuration page for the Delorean
 #       URL /delorean/configuration retrieved successfully via HTTP
 #       Retrieved the configuration page for the Delorean
 #       No status message shown
 #   ->delorean__configuration__flux_capacitor( 'jigawatts', 10_000 )
 #       URL [/delorean/configuration] matched assertion
 #       Searching for the recalibration form
 #       Submitting recalibration form
 #       URL /delorean/configuration?updated=1 retrieved successfully via HTTP
 #       No status message shown

INSTANTIATION ^

new

 ->new();
 ->new({ mech => WWW::Mechanize->new() });

Accepts a hashref containing - for now - a single argument of mech which should be a WWW::Mechanize subclass. If you don't provide one, we'll create a default one.

METHOD CREATION METHODS ^

create_fetch_method

 ->create_fetch_method(
    method_name      => 'delorean__configuration',
    page_description => 'configuration page for the Delorean',
    page_url         => '/delorean/configuration?car_id=',
    required_param   => 'Car ID'
 );

Creates a method that retrieves a URL. Arguments:

Required:

method_name - name of the method to create

page_description - what's the page called? Used for diagnostics

page_url - the page to fetch

Optional:

assert_location - Argument to pass to assert_location()

required_param - If your URL needs a trailing atom to complete it, set this to a true value. The user of the method will be required to provide an argument, and it'll be named (in diagnostic output) to the value you assigned it.

That means, in the value above, when you call the method, you also must provide an argument:

 $framework->delorean__configuration( 1234 );

There will be a diagnostic method printed:

 # Car ID is [1234]

And the following URL will be retrieved:

 C</delorean/configuration?car_id=1234>

create_form_method

 ->create_form_method(
    method_name       => 'delorean__configuration__flux_capacitor',
    form_name         => 'form-flux-capacitor'
    form_description  => 'recalibration form',
    assert_location   => qr!^/delorean/configuration/!,
    transform_fields  => sub {
        my ( $self, $units, $value ) = @_;
        return {
            value => $value,
            units => $units,
            understand_risks => 'confirmed'
        };
    }
 );

Finds a form on a page, and submits it. Arguments:

Required:

method_name - name of the method to create

form_description - the human-readable description of the form you're submitting. You don't need to append the word 'form' to this.

assert_location - Argument to pass to assert_location()

form_* - one of the form resolvers listed below

Optional:

form_name - the name attribute of the target form. Passed to WWW::Mechanize's form_name() method. You can pass in a coderef here, which will get called just like transform_fields and should return a string. Instead of form_name you can use form_id or form_button to select forms by ID or button.

transform_fields - a code-ref. Will receive $self and the methods arguments, and expects you to return a hash-ref suitable for passing to WWW::Mechanize's set_fields method. This is a great place to put in default arguments, and also a great place to use note() to tell the test output reader what's going on.

form_button - argument to pass to WWW::Mechanize's submit_form value as button. Used for specifying which button to use to submit a form. This is a string of the button name. You can pass in a coderef here, which will get called just like transform_fields and should return a string.

create_link_method

 ->create_link_method(
    method_name      => 'delorean__configuration__current_stats',
    link_description => 'Current Stats',
    find_link        => { text => 'View Current Stats' },
    assert_location  => '/delorean/configurations'
 );

Creates a method that finds a link on the current page and clicks it.

Arguments:

Required:

method_name - name of the method to create

link_description - what are you clicking? Human-readable, and used for diagnostics only

Optional:

assert_location - Argument to pass to assert_location

find_link - what we pass to WWW::Mechanize's find_link method to identify the link we want to click.

transform_fields - a code-ref. Will receive $self and the methods arguments, and expects you to return a hash-ref suitable for passing to WWW::Mechanize's find_link method. If you want to search for a link more specifically, and allow people to pass in, say, a shipment_id, this would be a good way of doing it.

<Exactly one of find_link and transform_fields must be set>

create_custom_method

 __PACKAGE__->create_custom_method(
    method_name       => 'delorean__configuration__jingle_the_jangle',
    assert_location   => qr!^/delorean/configurations!,
    handler           => sub {
        my $note_text = $_[1];
        note "\tnote_text: [$note_text]";
        return { note_text => $note_text }
    },
 );

This allows you to do whatever you like! :-) The method name output is shown, the location assertion is done if you specified one, and then your handler gets executed with the arguments. After this, note_status is called, and self returned.

You almost certainly DO NO NEED TO USE THIS. Instead, work out how to use create_form_method or simplify your method. That said:

Arguments:

Required:

method_name - name of the method to create

handler - sub ref we hand off to

Optional:

assert_location - argument to pass to assert_location

INTERFACE ^

show_method_name

Gets called with the string of the method name, and a list of its arguments at the beginning of created methods. Default implementation spits a dump of this out to indent_note.

indent_note

This is used for outputting diagnostics. The default implementation is a wrapper around Test::More's note functionality, which indents the first string by the second number + 1.

note_status

Show the status of the HTTP call. This would be an excellent place to look for messages generated by your web-app, and to fatally die if unexpected errors have occured. However, this base class knows nothing about that, so we take the easy option and show the result of Mech's success().

assert_location

assert_location_failed

Checks we're on the correct page before doing anything. The default implementation accepts a string or a regular expression, and matches it against whatever Mechanize thinks is the current unqualified URI. Non-matches call assert_location_failed.

That would be a good time to check if you have any obvious error statuses on the page you're on. assert_location_failed accepts the assertion and current URL, and the default implementation throws a simple fatal error.

AUTHOR ^

Peter Sergeant - pete@clueball.com

The original idea for this was conceived during my time working at the most excellent Net-A-Porter, and the work needed to create this release during one of their regular hack days.

Dave Cross contributed invaluable ideas and code.

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