Sullivan Beck > Date-Manip > Date::Manip::Lang::italian

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Module Version: 6.47   Source  

NAME ^

Date::Manip::Lang::italian - Italian language support.

SYNOPSIS ^

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS ^

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

   Gennaio

   Febbraio

   Marzo

   Aprile

   Maggio

   Giugno

   Luglio

   Agosto

   Settembre

   Ottobre

   Novembre

   Dicembre

The following abbreviations may be used:

   Gen

   Feb

   Mar

   Apr

   Mag

   Giu

   Lug

   Ago

   Set

   Ott

   Nov

   Dic
Day names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

   Lunedì
   Lunedi

   Martedì
   Martedi

   Mercoledì
   Mercoledi

   Giovedì
   Giovedi

   Venerdì
   Venerdi

   Sabato

   Domenica

The following abbreviations may be used:

   Lun

   Mar

   Mer

   Gio

   Ven

   Sab

   Dom

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

   L

   Ma

   Me

   G

   V

   S

   D
Delta field names

These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

   anni
   anno
   a

   mesi
   mese
   mes
   m

   settimane
   settimana
   sett

   giorni
   giorno
   g

   ore
   ora
   h

   minuti
   minuto
   min

   secondi
   s
   secondo
   sec
Morning/afternoon times

This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

   AM
   m.

   PM
   p.
Each or every

There are a list of words that specify every occurence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

   EACH Monday
   EVERY Monday
   EVERY month

The following words may be used:

   ogni
Next/Previous/Last occurence

There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

   NEXT week

   LAST tuesday
   PREVIOUS tuesday

   LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurence:

   prossimo

Previous occurence:

   ultimo

Last occurence:

   ultimo
Delta words for going forward/backward in time

When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

   IN 5 days
   5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

   fa

   fra
   dopo
Business mode

This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

   esattamente
   circa

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

   lavorativi
   lavorativo
Numbers

Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

   1mo
   uno
   primo

   2do
   due
   secondo

   3zo
   tre
   terzo

   4to
   quattro
   quarto

   5to
   cinque
   quinto

   6to
   sei
   sesto

   7mo
   sette
   settimo

   8vo
   otto
   ottavo

   9no
   nove
   nono

   10mo
   dieci
   decimo


   11mo
   undici
   undicesimo

   12mo
   dodici
   dodicesimo

   13mo
   tredici
   tredicesimo

   14mo
   quattordici
   quattordicesimo

   15mo
   quindici
   quindicesimo

   16mo
   sedici
   sedicesimo

   17mo
   diciassette
   diciassettesimo

   18mo
   diciotto
   diciottesimo

   19mo
   diciannove
   diciannovesimo

   20mo
   venti
   ventesimo


   21mo
   ventuno
   ventunesimo

   22mo
   ventidue
   ventiduesimo

   23mo
   ventitre
   ventitreesimo

   24mo
   ventiquattro
   ventiquattresimo

   25mo
   venticinque
   venticinquesimo

   26mo
   ventisei
   ventiseiesimo

   27mo
   ventisette
   ventisettesimo

   28mo
   ventotto
   ventottesimo

   29mo
   ventinove
   ventinovesimo

   3mo
   trenta
   trentesima
   trentesimo


   31mo
   trentuno
   trentunesimo

   32mo
   trentadue
   trentiduesima

   33mo
   trentatré
   trentatre
   trentitreesime

   34mo
   trentaquattro
   trentiquattresimo

   35mo
   trentacinque
   trenticinquesima

   36mo
   trentasei
   trentiseisima

   37mo
   trentasette
   trentisettesima

   38mo
   trentotto
   trentiottesime

   39mo
   trentanove
   trentinovesime

   40mo
   quaranta
   quarantesimo


   41mo
   quarantuno
   quarantunesimo

   42mo
   quarantadue
   quarantiduesime

   43mo
   quaranta
   quarantitreesima

   44mo
   quarantaquattro
   quarantiquattresime

   45mo
   quarantacinque
   quaranticinquesima

   46mo
   quarantasei
   quarantiseisime

   47mo
   quarantasette
   quarantisettesimo

   48mo
   quarantotto
   quarantiottesima

   49mo
   quarantanove
   quarantinovesime

   50mo
   cinquanta
   cinquantesimo


   51mo
   cinquantuno
   cinquantunesimo

   52mo
   cinquantadue
   cinquantiduesime

   53mo
   cinquantatré
   cinquantatre
   cinquantitreesimo
Ignored words

In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

   December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

   alle

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

   1st day OF December
   1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

   della
   del

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

   ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

   di
Words that set the date, time, or both

There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

   domani               +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
   ieri                 -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
   oggi                 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

   mezzanotte           00:00:00
   mezzogiorno          12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

   adesso               0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators

When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

   : :
   h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAY allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

   Not defined in this language
Fractional second separator

When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

   Not defined in this language

KNOWN BUGS ^

None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS ^

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO ^

Date::Manip - main module documentation

LICENSE ^

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR ^

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)

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