Steven Schubiger (stsc) > Dir-Split-0.80 > Dir::Split

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Module Version: 0.80   Source  

NAME ^

Dir::Split - Split files of a directory to subdirectories

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Dir::Split;

 # example arguments
 $dir = Dir::Split->new(
     mode    =>    'num',

     source  =>    '/source',
     target  =>    '/target',

     verbose     =>        1,
     override    =>        0,

     identifier  =>    'sub',
     file_limit  =>        2,
     file_sort   =>      '+',

     separator   =>      '-',
     continue    =>        1,
     length      =>        5,
 );

 $retval = $dir->split_dir;

DESCRIPTION ^

Dir::Split moves files to either numbered or characteristic subdirectories.

numeric splitting

Numeric splitting is an attempt to gather files from a source directory and split them to numbered subdirectories within a target directory. Its purpose is to automate the archiving of a great amount of files, that are likely to be indexed by numbers.

characteristic splitting

Characteristic splitting allows indexing by using leading characters of filenames. While numeric splitting is being characterised by dividing file amounts, characteristic splitting tries to keep up the contentual recognition of data.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

new

Creates a new Dir::Split object.

 # example arguments
 $dir = Dir::Split->new(
     mode    =>    'num',

     source  =>    '/source',
     target  =>    '/target',

     verbose     =>        1,
     override    =>        0,

     identifier  =>    'sub',
     file_limit  =>        2,
     file_sort   =>      '+',

     separator   =>      '-',
     continue    =>        1,
     length      =>        5,
 );

 $dir = Dir::Split->new(%args);

METHODS ^

split_dir

Splits files to subdirectories.

 $retval = $dir->split_dir;

Checking the return value will provide further insight, what action split_dir() has taken. See (OPTIONS / debug) on how to become aware of errors.

Return Values

  1 / $ACTION           Files splitted

  0 / $NOACTION         No action

 -1 / $EXISTS           Files exist
                        (see OPTIONS / debug)

 -2 / $FAILURE          Failure
                        (see OPTIONS / debug)

ARGUMENTS ^

numeric

Split files to subdirectories with a numeric suffix.

 %args = (
     mode    =>    'num',

     source  =>    '/source',
     target  =>    '/target',

     verbose     =>        1,
     override    =>        0,

     identifier  =>    'sub',
     file_limit  =>        2,
     file_sort   =>      '+',

     separator   =>      '-',
     continue    =>        1,
     length      =>        5,
 );

characteristic

Split files to subdirectories with a characteristic suffix. Files are assigned to subdirectories which suffixes equal the specified, leading character(s) of the filenames.

 %args = (
     mode    =>    'char',

     source  =>    '/source',
     target  =>    '/target',

     verbose     =>         1,
     override    =>         0,

     identifier  =>     'sub',

     separator   =>       '-',
     case        =>   'upper',
     length      =>         1,
 );

OPTIONS ^

Tracking

%Dir::Split::track keeps count of how many files the source and directories / files the target consists of. It may be useful, if the amount of files that could not be transferred due to existing ones, has to be counted. Each time a new splitting is attempted, the track will be reseted.

 %Dir::Split::track = (
     source  =>    {  files  =>    512
     },
     target  =>    {  dirs   =>    128,
                      files  =>    512,
     },
 );

Above example: directory consisting of 512 files successfully splitted to 128 directories.

Debug

Existing

If split_dir() returns $EXISTS, this implys that the override option is disabled and files weren't moved due to existing files within the target subdirectories; they will have their paths appearing in @Dir::Split::exists.

 file    @Dir::Split::exists    # Existing files, not attempted to
                                # be overwritten.

Failures

If split_dir() returns $FAILURE, this most often implys that the override option is enabled and existing files could not be overwritten. Files that could not be copied / unlinked, will have their paths appearing in the according keys in %Dir::Split::failure.

 file    @{$Dir::Split::failure{copy}}      # Files that couldn't be copied,
                                            # most often on overriding failures.

         @{$Dir::Split::failure{unlink}}    # Files that could be copied but not unlinked,
                                            # rather seldom.

It is recommended to evaluate those arrays on $FAILURE.

A @Dir::Split::exists array may coexist.

Unlinking

Files in a flat source directory may be unlinked by setting:

 # Unlink files in flat source
 $Dir::Split::UNLINK = 1;

Traversing

Traversal processing of files may be activated by setting:

 # Traversal mode
 $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE = 1;

No depth limit e.g. all underlying directories / files will be evaluated.

Options

 # Unlink files in source
 $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_UNLINK = 1;

Unlinks files after they have been moved to their new locations.

 # Remove directories in source
 $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_RMDIR = 1;

Removes the directories in source, after the files have been moved. In order to take effect, this option requires the $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_UNLINK to be set.

 # Remove the source directory itself
 $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_RMDIR_SOURCE = 1;

It is not recommended to turn on the latter options $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_UNLINK, $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_RMDIR and $Dir::Split::TRAVERSE_RMDIR_SOURCE, unless one is aware of the consequences they imply.

EXAMPLES ^

Assuming the source directory contains these files:

 +- _123
 +- abcd
 +- efgh
 +- ijkl
 +- mnop

After splitting the source directory tree to the target, it would result in:

numeric splitting

 +- sub-00001
 +-- _123
 +-- abcd
 +- sub-00002
 +-- efgh
 +-- ijkl
 +- sub-00003
 +-- mnop

characteristic splitting

 +- sub-_
 +-- _123
 +- sub-a
 +-- abcd
 +- sub-e
 +-- efgh
 +- sub-i
 +-- ijkl
 +- sub-m
 +-- mnop

SEE ALSO ^

File::Basename, File::Copy, File::Find, File::Path, File::Spec

AUTHOR ^

Steven Schubiger <schubiger@cpan.org>

LICENSE ^

This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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