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Module Version: 2.82   Source   Latest Release: DBD-ADO-2.99

NAME ^

DBD::ADO - A DBI driver for Microsoft ADO (Active Data Objects)

SYNOPSIS ^

  use DBI;

  $dbh = DBI->connect("dbi:ADO:dsn", $user, $passwd);

        Options in the connect string:
        dbi:ADO:dsn;CommandTimeout=60 (your number)
        dbi:ADO:dsn;ConnectTimeout=60 (your number)
        or include both ConnectTimeout and CommandTimeout.

        The dsn may be a standard ODBC dsn or a dsn-less.
        See the ADO documentation for more information on
        the dsn-less connection.

  # See the DBI module documentation for full details

DESCRIPTION ^

The DBD::ADO module supports ADO access on a Win32 machine. DBD::ADO is written to support the standard DBI interface to data sources.

Connection ^

  $dbh = DBI->connect("dbi:ADO:$dsn", $user, $passwd, $attribs );

Connection supports dsn and dsn-less calls.

  $dbh = DBI->connect('dbi:ADO:File Name=oracle.udl', $user, $passwd,
    { RaiseError => [0|1], PrintError => [0|1], AutoCommit => [0|1]} );

In addition the following attributes may be set in the connect string:

  Attributes
  CommandTimeout
  ConnectionString
  ConnectionTimeout
  CursorLocation
  DefaultDatabase
  IsolationLevel
  Mode
  Provider

Warning: The application is responsible for passing the correct information when setting any of these attributes.

Functions support ^

The DBI func() method can be used to call private methods implemented by the driver:

  $h->func( @func_arguments, $func_name ) or die ...;

You may access the following database handle methods:

  OpenSchema

All functions return a valid statement handle upon success.

OpenSchema supports as arguments any valid ADO SchemaEnum name such as

  adSchemaTables
  adSchemaIndexes
  adSchemaProviderTypes

Example:

  my $sth = $dbh->func('adSchemaCheckConstraints','Catalog1','OpenSchema');

See ex/OpenSchema.pl for a working example.

DBI Methods ^

data_sources

Because ADO doesn't provide a data source repository, DBD::ADO uses it's own. It tries to load Local::DBD::ADO::DSN and expects an array of hashes describing the data sources. See ex/Local/DBD/ADO/DSN.pm for an example.

Warning: This is experimental and may change.

Warning: Check for the unlikly case that a file Local/DBD/ADO/DSN.pm exists in your module search path which causes unwanted side effects when loaded.

Enhanced DBI Methods ^

prepare

The prepare methods allows attributes (see DBI):

  $sth = $dbh->prepare( $statement )          or die $dbh->errstr;
  $sth = $dbh->prepare( $statement, \%attr )  or die $dbh->errstr;

DBD::ADO's prepare() supports setting the CursorType, e.g.:

  $sth = $dbh->prepare( $statement, { CursorType => 'adOpenForwardOnly' } ) ...

Possible cursortypes are:

  adOpenForwardOnly (default)
  adOpenKeyset
  adOpenDynamic
  adOpenStatic

It may be necessary to prepare the statement using cursortype 'adOpenStatic' when using a statement handle within a statement handle:

  while( my $table = $sth1->fetchrow_hashref ) {
    ...
    my $col = $sth2->fetchrow_hashref;
    ...
  }

Changing the CursorType is a solution to the following problem:

  Can't execute statement 'select * from authors':
  Lasterror : -2147467259
  OLE exception from "Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server":

  Cannot create new connection because in manual or distributed transaction
  mode.

  Win32::OLE(0.1403) error 0x80004005: "Unspecified error"
      in METHOD/PROPERTYGET "Open"

          Description : Cannot create new connection because in manual or distributed transaction mode.
          HelpContext : 0
          HelpFile    :
          NativeError : 0
          Number      : -2147467259
          Source      : Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server
          SQLState    :

bind_param

Normally, the datatypes of placeholders are known after the statement is prepared. In this case, you don't need to provide any type information:

  $sth->bind_param( 1, $value );

Sometimes, you need to specify a type for the parameter, e.g.:

  $sth->bind_param( 1, $value, SQL_NUMERIC );

As a last resort, you can provide an ADO-specific type, e.g.:

  $sth->bind_param( 1, $value, { ado_type => 6 } );  # adCurrency

If no type is given (neither by the provider nor by you), the datatype defaults to SQL_VARCHAR (adVarChar).

table_info

Warning: This method is experimental and may change or disappear.

  $sth = $dbh->table_info(\%attr);

  $sth = $dbh->table_info({
    TABLE_TYPE => 'VIEW',
    ADO_Columns => 1,
    Trim_Catalog => 0,
    Filter => q{TABLE_NAME LIKE 'C%'},
  });

Returns an active statement handle that can be used to fetch information about tables and views that exist in the database. By default the handle contains the columns described in the DBI documentation:

  TABLE_CAT, TABLE_SCHEM, TABLE_NAME, TABLE_TYPE, REMARKS
ADO_Columns

Additional ADO-only fields will be included if the ADO_Columns attribute is set to true:

  %attr = (ADO_Columns => 1);
Trim_Catalog

Some ADO providers include path info in the TABLE_CAT column. This information will be trimmed if the Trim_Catalog attribute is set to true:

  %attr = (Trim_Catalog => 1);
Criteria

The ADO driver allows column criteria to be specified. In this way the record set can be restricted, for example, to only include tables of type 'VIEW':

  %attr = (TABLE_TYPE => 'VIEW')

You can add criteria for any of the following columns:

  TABLE_CAT, TABLE_SCHEM, TABLE_NAME, TABLE_TYPE
Filter

The ADO driver also allows the recordset to be filtered on a Criteria string: a string made up of one or more individual clauses concatenated with AND or OR operators.

  %attr = (Filter => q{TABLE_TYPE LIKE 'SYSTEM%'})

The criteria string is made up of clauses in the form FieldName-Operator-Value. This is more flexible than using column criteria in that the filter allows a number of operators:

  <, >, <=, >=, <>, =, or LIKE

The Fieldname must be one of the ADO 'TABLES Rowset' column names:

  TABLE_CATALOG, TABLE_SCHEMA, TABLE_NAME, TABLE_TYPE, DESCRIPTION,
  TABLE_GUID, TABLE_PROPID, DATE_CREATED, DATE_MODIFIED

Value is the value with which you will compare the field values (for example, 'Smith', #8/24/95#, 12.345, or $50.00). Use single quotes with strings and pound signs (#) with dates. For numbers, you can use decimal points, dollar signs, and scientific notation. If Operator is LIKE, Value can use wildcards. Only the asterisk (*) and percent sign (%) wild cards are allowed, and they must be the last character in the string. Value cannot be null.

tables

Warning: This method is experimental and may change or disappear.

  @names = $dbh->tables(\%attr);

Returns a list of table and view names. Accepts any of the attributes described in the table_info method:

  @names = $dbh->tables({ TABLE_TYPE => 'VIEW' });

Warnings ^

Support for type_info_all is supported, however, you're not using a true OLE DB provider (using the MS OLE DB -> ODBC), the first hash may not be the "best" solution for the data type. adSchemaProviderTypes does provide for a "best match" column, however the MS OLE DB -> ODBC provider does not support the best match. Currently the types are sorted by DATA_TYPE BEST_MATCH IS_LONG ...

ADO ^

It is strongly recommended that you use the latest version of ADO (2.1 at the time this was written). You can download it from:

  http://www.microsoft.com/Data/download.htm

AUTHORS ^

Tim Bunce and Phlip. With many thanks to Jan Dubois and Jochen Wiedmann for additions, debuggery and general help. Special thanks to Thomas Lowery, who maintained this module 2001-2003. Current maintainer is Steffen Goeldner.

SUPPORT ^

This software is supported via the dbi-users mailing list. For more information and to keep informed about progress you can join the mailing list by sending a message to dbi-users-help@perl.org

Please post details of any problems (or changes you needed to make) to dbi-users@perl.org and CC them to me (sgoeldner@cpan.org).

COPYRIGHT ^

  Copyright (c) 1998, Tim Bunce
  Copyright (c) 1999, Tim Bunce, Phlip, Thomas Lowery
  Copyright (c) 2000, Tim Bunce, Thomas Lowery
  Copyright (c) 2001, Tim Bunce, Thomas Lowery, Steffen Goeldner
  Copyright (c) 2002, Thomas Lowery, Steffen Goeldner
  Copyright (c) 2003, Thomas Lowery, Steffen Goeldner

  All rights reserved.

  You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
  License or the Artistic License, as specified in the Perl README file.

SEE ALSO ^

ADO Reference book: ADO 2.0 Programmer's Reference, David Sussman and Alex Homer, Wrox, ISBN 1-861001-83-5. If there's anything better please let me know.

http://www.able-consulting.com/tech.htm

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