Simon Cozens > Mail-Miner-2.7 > Mail::Miner

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Module Version: 2.7   Source  

NAME ^

Mail::Miner - Store and retrieve Useful Information from mail

DESCRIPTION ^

I'm very forgetful, and I tend to rely on my email as a surrogate memory. This is great until you get over 200M of email and can't actually find anything any more. You tend to remember things like "the phone number I need is in a message from Frank around September last year" or "someone sent me a JPG in a message about Tina". This doesn't really help you find the mail in most mail clients, though.

This is where Mail::Miner comes in. It's a generic system for extracting useful information for an email message, storing the information and the message, and allowing both to be extracted through a complex search in the future.

ARCHITECTURE ^

The principle components of Mail::Miner are the database, the base modules, assets and recognisers. Let's look at each of these first, then we'll see how they all fit together.

Database

The database schema is provided in miner.sql; naturally, you'll need to create this database according to the schema, and give yourself appropriate permission to the tables. You may or may not need to alter the DBI connect string at the top of DBI.pm too. Be warned that Mail::Miner only supports Postgresql, as it's the only free database to offer subselects.

Those were the database installation instructions. Huh.

Base modules

The base modules don't do very much. Mail::Miner, the module, does nothing at all, in fact, other than load up the other modules and provide this documentation. Mail::Miner::Message provides basic functions for dealing with messages, and Mail::Miner::Attachment does the same thing for attachments. Mail::Miner::Assets provides some functions which are useful for other modules which manipulate assets. So what are assets?

Assets

Mail::Miner is Very Stupid. It cares very little about a message; all it really needs to know are what attachments it has, what content the body has, who sent it and what the subject was. In fact, it doesn't really need to care about the last two, but they're used so often, it's convenient to.

Everything else that Mail::Miner finds out about a mail is an asset. For instance, a very trivial asset is the date it was sent. A more complex asset could be the fact that it looks like it contains a phone number, and what the phone number is.

Recognisers

So how does Mail::Miner acquire these assets? There are a class of plug-in recogniser modules that get handed a mail message, and store information about them. These are installed just like any other Perl module, and Mail::Miner automatically detects them and passes them emails. How does this happen?

Operation ^

Mail::Miner has two distinct phases of operation: getting data into the database, and getting it back out again.

The first stage happens when a mail is delivered. Mail::Audit users can use Mail::Audit::Miner, and procmail users can use the supplied utility mm_process to process the message - be warned that these will rewrite the message, so procmail should use it as a pipe and then continue delivery.

So, a mail comes in, and mm_process or Mail::Audit farms it off to Mail::Miner::Message::process(). This does two things with it: it creates an entry in the database for the mail, and then it strips non-text attachments, flattening the mail to a single piece of text. All attachments are replaced by text like the following:

    [ image/jpeg attachment foo.jpg detached - use
        mm --detach 12345
      to recover ]

(Note that cutting-and-pasting that central line onto a shell prompt will dump foo.jpg into your current directory.)

Next, process loads up all the Mail::Miner::* modules it can find in the Perl module search path, and calls their process subroutine too, if one exists. This allows them to locate and store any assets they consider important. After this, the final message, possibly modified by the various process subroutines, gets written out for delivery.

Here endeth the processing phase.

The next phase is the user-initiated query phase. This is what happens when you call mm from the command-line. The plugins register keywords that they can act as filters for. For instance, the Mail::Miner::Recogniser::Date recognizer module registers that it can handle the --dated command line option. If mm sees --dated on the command line, it'll pass the option to Mail::Miner::Recogniser::Date's search subroutine, which picks out the messages which match the search query. If a recognizer doesn't register a search subroutine, we look for assets belonging to that recognizer which match a regular expression search for the search term.

That's basically how Mail::Miner works. Have fun with it.

AUTHOR ^

Simon Cozens

SEE ALSO ^

Mail::Audit, Mail::Miner::Mail, Mail::Miner::Attachment, Mail::Miner::Asset.

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