Six Apart Ltd. > Data-ObjectDriver-0.09 > Data::ObjectDriver::ResultSet

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NAME ^

Data::ObjectDriver::ResultSet - Manage a DB query

SYNOPSIS ^

    # Get a resultset object for Object::Widget, which inherits from
    # Data::ObjectDriver::BaseObject
    my $result = Object::Widget->result($terms, $args);

    $result->add_term({color => 'blue'});

    $result->add_limit(10);
    $result->add_offset(100);

    while (not $result->is_empty) {
        my $widget = $result->next;

        # Do stuff with $widget
    }

DESCRIPTION ^

This object is returned by the 'result' method found in the Data::ObjectDriver::BaseObject class. This object manages a query and the resulting data. It allows additional search terms and arguments to be added and will not submit the query until a method that returns data is called. By passing this object around code in multiple places can alter the query easily until the data is needed.

Once a method returning data is called (next, count, etc) the query is submitted to the database and the returned data is managed by the ResultSet object like an iterator.

METHODS ^

$result_set = $class->result($terms, $args)

This method is actually defined in Data::ObjectDriver::BaseObject but it is the way a new ResultSet object is created.

Arguments:

$terms - A hashref. Same format as the first argument to Data::ObjectDriver::DBI::search
$args - A hashref. Same format as the second argument to Data::ObjectDriver::DBI::search

Return value:

This method returns a Data::ObjectDriver::ResultSet object

$new_result = Data::ObjectDriver::ResultSet->iterator(\@data)

Create a new result set object that takes existing data and operates only as an iterator, without any of the query managment.

Arguments:

$data - An array ref of data elements

Return value:

A Data::ObjectDriver::ResultSet object

add_constraint

Apply a constraint to the result. The format of the two arguments is the same as for Data::ObjectDriver::DBI::search

Arguments:

$terms - A hashref of object fields and values constraining them. Same as first parameter to result method.
$args - A hashref of values that affect the returned data, such as limit and sort by. Same as first parameter to result method.

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : Do we fail if called after we've retrieved the result set? Ignore it? Requery?

; Example

  $res->add_constraint({object_id => $id}, {limit => 100})

add_term

Apply a single search term to the result. Equivalent to:

  $res->add_constraint($terms)

Arguments:

$terms - A hashref of object fields and values constraining them

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : Same question as for add_constraint

; Example

  $res->add_term({object_id => $id})

clear_term

Clear a single search term from the result.

Arguments:

@terms - An array of term names to clear

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : none

; Example

  $res->clear_term(qw(limit offset))

add_limit

Apply a limit to the result. Equivalent to:

  $res->add_constraint({}, {limit => $limit})

Arguments:

$limit - A scalar numeric value giving the limit of the number of objects returned

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes :

; Example

  $res->add_limit(100)

clear_limit

Clear any limit value in the result.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : None

; Example

  $res->clear_limit

add_offset

Add an offset for the results returned. Result set must also have a limit set at some point.

Arguments:

$offset - A scalar numeric value giving the offset for the first object returned

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : none

; Example

  $res->add_offset(5_000)

clear_offset

Clear any offset value in the result.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes :

; Example

  $res->clear_offset

add_order

Add a sort order for the results returned.

Arguments:

[0] = $order = - A scalar string value giving the sort order for the results, one of ascend or descend

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : >none''

; Example

  $res->add_order('ascend')

clear_order

Clear any offset value in the result.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise

; Notes : none

; Example

  $res->clear_order

index

Return the current index into the result set.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : An integer giving the zero based index of the current element in the result set.

; Notes : none

; Example

  $idx = $res->index;

next

Retrieve the next item in the resultset

Arguments:

none

; Return value : The next object or undef if past the end of the result set

; Notes : Calling this method will force a DB query. All subsequent calls to curr will return this object

; Example

  $obj = $res->next;

peek_next

Retrieve the next item in the resultset WITHOUT advancing the cursor.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : The next object or undef if past the end of the result set

; Notes : Calling this method will force a DB query. All subsequent calls to curr will return this object

; Example

  while ($bottle = $res->next){

      if ($bottle->type eq 'Bud Light'
          && $res->peek_next->type eq 'Chimay'){

          $bottle->pass; #don't spoil my palate

      }else{
          $bottle->drink;
      }
  }

prev

Retrieve the previous item in the result set

Arguments:

none

; Return value : The previous object or undef if before the beginning of the result set

; Notes : All subsequent calls to curr will return this object

; Example

  $obj = $res->prev;

curr

Retrieve the current item in the result set. This item is set by calls to next and prev

Arguments:

none

; Return value : The current object or undef if past the boundaries of the result set

; Notes : none

; Example

  $obj = $res->curr

slice

Return a slice of the result set. This is logically equivalent to setting a limit and offset and then retrieving all the objects via -next>. If you call slice and then call next, you will get undef and additionally is_empty will be true.

Arguments:

$from - Scalar integer giving the start of the slice range
$to - Scalar integer giving the end of the slice range

; Return value : An array of objects

; Notes : Objects are index from 0 just like perl arrays.

; Example

  my @objs = $res->slice(0, 20)

count

Get the count of the items in the result set.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : A scalar count of the number of items in the result set

; Notes : This will cause a count() query on the database if the result set hasn't been retrieved yet. If the result set has been retrieved it will just return the number of objects stored in the result set object.

; Example

  $num = $res->count

is_finished

Returns whether we've arrived at the end of the result set

Arguments:

none

; Return value : Returns 1 if we are finished iterating though the result set and 0 otherwise

; Notes : none

; Example

  while (not $res->is_finished) {
      my $obj = $res->next;
      # Stuff ...
  }

dod_debug

Set this and you'll see $Data::ObjectDriver::DEBUG output when I go to get the results.

rewind

Move back to the start of the iterator for this instance of results of a query.

first

Returns the first object in the result set.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : The first object in the result set

; Notes : Resets the current cursor so that calls to curr return this value.

; Example

  $obj = $res->first

last

Returns the last object in the result set.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : The last object in the result set

; Notes : Resets the current cursor so that calls to curr return this value.

; Example

  $obj = $res->last

is_last

Returns 1 if the cursor is on the last row of the result set, 0 if it is not.

Arguments:

none

; Return value : Returns 1 if the cursor is on the last row of the result set, 0 if it is not.

; Example

  if ( $res->is_last ) {
     ## do some stuff
  }
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