Stephen Zander > Archive-Tar-0.22 > Archive::Tar

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Module Version: 0.22   Source  

NAME ^

Tar - module for manipulation of tar archives.

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Archive::Tar;

  Archive::Tar->create_archive ("my.tar.gz", 9, "/this/file", "/that/file");
  print join "\n", Archive::Tar->list_archive ("my.tar.gz"), "";

  $tar = Archive::Tar->new();
  $tar->read("origin.tar.gz",1);
  $tar->add_files("file/foo.c", "file/bar.c");
  $tar->add_data("file/baz.c","This is the file contents");
  $tar->write("files.tar");

DESCRIPTION ^

This is a module for the handling of tar archives.

Archive::Tar provides an object oriented mechanism for handling tar files. It provides class methods for quick and easy files handling while also allowing for the creation of tar file objects for custom manipulation. If you have the Compress::Zlib module installed, Archive::Tar will also support compressed or gzipped tar files.

Class Methods

The class methods should be sufficient for most tar file interaction.

create_archive ($file, $compression, @filelist)

Creates a tar file from the list of files provided. The first argument can either be the name of the tar file to create or a reference to an open file handle (e.g. a GLOB reference).

The second argument specifies the level of compression to be used, if any. Compression of tar files requires the installation of the Compress::Zlib module. Specific levels or compression may be requested by passing a value between 2 and 9 as the second argument. Any other value evaluating as true will result in the default compression level being used.

The remaining arguments list the files to be included in the tar file. These files must all exist. Any files which don\'t exist or can\'t be read are silently ignored.

If the archive creation fails for any reason, create_archive will return undef. Please use the error method to find the cause of the failure.

list_archive ($file, ['property', 'property',...])
list_archive ($file)

Returns a list of the names of all the files in the archive. The first argument can either be the name of the tar file to create or a reference to an open file handle (e.g. a GLOB reference).

If list_archive() is passed an array reference as its second argument it returns a list of hash references containing the requested properties of each file. The following list of properties is supported: name, size, mtime (last modified date), mode, uid, gid, linkname, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix.

Passing an array reference containing only one element, 'name', is special cased to return a list of names rather than a list of hash references.

extract_archive ($file)

Extracts the contents of the tar file. The first argument can either be the name of the tar file to create or a reference to an open file handle (e.g. a GLOB reference). All relative paths in the tar file will be created underneath the current working directory.

If the archive extraction fails for any reason, extract_archive will return undef. Please use the error method to find the cause of the failure.

new ($file)
new ()

Returns a new Tar object. If given any arguments, new() calls the read() method automatically, parsing on the arguments provided read().

If new() is invoked with arguments and the read method fails for any reason, new() returns undef.

Instance Methods

read ($ref, $compressed)

Read the given tar file into memory. The first argument can either be the name of a file or a reference to an already open file handle (e.g. a GLOB reference). The second argument indicates whether the file referenced by the first argument is compressed.

The second argument is now optional as Archive::Tar will automatically detect compressed archives.

The read will replace any previous content in $tar!

add_files(@filenamelist)

Takes a list of filenames and adds them to the in-memory archive. On MacOS, the path to the file is automatically converted to a Unix like equivalent for use in the archive, and the file\'s modification time is converted from the MacOS epoch to the Unix epoch. So tar archives created on MacOS with Archive::Tar can be read both with tar on Unix and applications like suntar or Stuffit Expander on MacOS. Be aware that the file\'s type/creator and resource fork will be lost, which is usually what you want in cross-platform archives.

add_data ($filename, $data, $opthashref)

Takes a filename, a scalar full of data and optionally a reference to a hash with specific options. Will add a file to the in-memory archive, with name $filename and content $data. Specific properties can be set using $opthashref, The following list of properties is supported: name, size, mtime (last modified date), mode, uid, gid, linkname, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix. (On MacOS, the file\'s path and modification times are converted to Unix equivalents.)

remove (@filenamelist)

Removes any entries with names matching any of the given filenames from the in-memory archive. String comparisons are done with eq.

write ($file, $compressed)

Write the in-memory archive to disk. The first argument can either be the name of a file or a reference to an already open file handle (be a GLOB reference). If the second argument is true, the module will use Compress::Zlib to write the file in a compressed format. If Compress:Zlib is not available, the write method will fail. Specific levels of compression can be chosen by passing the values 2 through 9 as the second parameter.

If no arguments are given, write returns the entire formatted archive as a string, which could be useful if you\'d like to stuff the archive into a socket or a pipe to gzip or something. This functionality may be deprecated later, however, as you can also do this using a GLOB reference for the first argument.

extract(@filenames)

Write files whose names are equivalent to any of the names in @filenames to disk, creating subdirectories as necessary. This might not work too well under VMS. Under MacPerl, the file\'s modification time will be converted to the MacOS zero of time, and appropriate conversions will be done to the path. However, the length of each element of the path is not inspected to see whether it\'s longer than MacOS currently allows (32 characters).

If extract is called without a list of file names, the entire contents of the archive are extracted.

list_files(['property', 'property',...])
list_files()

Returns a list of the names of all the files in the archive.

If list_files() is passed an array reference as its first argument it returns a list of hash references containing the requested properties of each file. The following list of properties is supported: name, size, mtime (last modified date), mode, uid, gid, linkname, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix.

Passing an array reference containing only one element, 'name', is special cased to return a list of names rather than a list of hash references.

get_content($file)

Return the content of the named file.

replace_content($file,$content)

Make the string $content be the content for the file named $file.

CHANGES ^

Version 0.20

Added class methods for creation, extraction and listing of tar files. No longer maintain a complete copy of the tar file in memory. Removed the data() method.

Version 0.10

Numerous changes. Brought source under CVS. All changes now recorded in ChangeLog file in distribution.

Version 0.08

New developer/maintainer. Calle has carpal-tunnel syndrome and cannot type a great deal. Get better as soon as you can, Calle.

Added proper support for MacOS. Thanks to Paul J. Schinder <schinder@leprss.gsfc.nasa.gov>.

Version 0.071

Minor release.

Arrange to chmod() at the very end in case it makes the file read only. Win32 is actually picky about that.

SunOS 4.x tar makes tarfiles that contain directory entries that don\'t have typeflag set properly. We use the trailing slash to recognise directories in such tar files.

Version 0.07

Fixed (hopefully) broken portability to MacOS, reported by Paul J. Schinder at Goddard Space Flight Center.

Fixed two bugs with symlink handling, reported in excellent detail by an admin at teleport.com called Chris.

Primitive tar program (called ptar) included with distribution. Usage should be pretty obvious if you\'ve used a normal tar program.

Added methods get_content and replace_content.

Added support for paths longer than 100 characters, according to POSIX. This is compatible with just about everything except GNU tar. Way to go, GNU tar (use a better tar, or GNU cpio).

NOTE: When adding files to an archive, files with basenames longer than 100 characters will be silently ignored. If the prefix part of a path is longer than 155 characters, only the last 155 characters will be stored.

Version 0.06

Added list_files() method, as requested by Michael Wiedman.

Fixed a couple of dysfunctions when run under Windows NT. Michael Wiedmann reported the bugs.

Changed the documentation to reflect reality a bit better.

Fixed bug in format_tar_entry. Bug reported by Michael Schilli.

Version 0.05

Quoted lots of barewords to make use strict; stop complaining under perl version 5.003.

Ties to Compress::Zlib put in. Will warn if it isn\'t available.

$tar->write() with no argument now returns the formatted archive.

Version 0.04

Made changes to write_tar so that Solaris tar likes the resulting archives better.

Protected the calls to readlink() and symlink(). AFAIK this module should now run just fine on Windows NT.

Add method to write a single entry to disk (extract)

Added method to add entries entirely from scratch (add_data)

Changed name of add() to add_file()

All calls to croak() removed and replaced with returning undef and setting Tar::error.

Better handling of tarfiles with garbage at the end.

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