Stevan Little > Moose > Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Array

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Module Version: 1.00   Source   Latest Release: Moose-2.1210

NAME ^

Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Array - Helper trait for ArrayRef attributes

SYNOPSIS ^

    package Stuff;
    use Moose;

    has 'options' => (
       traits     => ['Array'],
       is         => 'ro',
       isa        => 'ArrayRef[Str]',
       default    => sub { [] },
       handles    => {
           all_options    => 'elements',
           add_option     => 'push',
           map_options    => 'map',
           filter_options => 'grep',
           find_option    => 'first',
           get_option     => 'get',
           join_options   => 'join',
           count_options  => 'count',
           has_options    => 'count',
           has_no_options => 'is_empty',
           sorted_options => 'sort',
       },
    );

    no Moose;
    1;

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides an Array attribute which provides a number of array operations.

PROVIDED METHODS ^

These methods are implemented in Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::MethodProvider::Array.

count

Returns the number of elements in the array.

   $stuff = Stuff->new;
   $stuff->options(["foo", "bar", "baz", "boo"]);

   my $count = $stuff->count_options;
   print "$count\n"; # prints 4
is_empty

Returns a boolean value that is true when the array has no elements.

   $stuff->has_no_options ? die "No options!\n" : print "Good boy.\n";
elements

Returns all of the elements of the array.

   my @option = $stuff->all_options;
   print "@options\n"; # prints "foo bar baz boo"
get($index)

Returns an element of the array by its index. You can also use negative index numbers, just as with Perl's core array handling.

   my $option = $stuff->get_option(1);
   print "$option\n"; # prints "bar"
pop
push($value1, $value2, value3 ...)
shift
unshift($value1, $value2, value3 ...)
splice($offset, $length, @values)

These methods are all equivalent to the Perl core functions of the same name.

first( sub { ... } )

This method returns the first item matching item in the array, just like List::Util's first function. The matching is done with a subroutine reference you pass to this method. The reference will be called against each element in the array until one matches or all elements have been checked.

   my $found = $stuff->find_option( sub { /^b/ } );
   print "$found\n"; # prints "bar"
grep( sub { ... } )

This method returns every element matching a given criteria, just like Perl's core grep function. This method requires a subroutine which implements the matching logic.

   my @found = $stuff->filter_options( sub { /^b/ } );
   print "@found\n"; # prints "bar baz boo"
map( sub { ... } )

This method transforms every element in the array and returns a new array, just like Perl's core map function. This method requires a subroutine which implements the transformation.

   my @mod_options = $stuff->map_options( sub { $_ . "-tag" } );
   print "@mod_options\n"; # prints "foo-tag bar-tag baz-tag boo-tag"
reduce( sub { ... } )

This method condenses an array into a single value, by passing a function the value so far and the next value in the array, just like List::Util's reduce function. The reducing is done with a subroutine reference you pass to this method.

   my $found = $stuff->reduce_options( sub { $_[0] . $_[1] } );
   print "$found\n"; # prints "foobarbazboo"
sort( sub { ... } )

Returns a the array in sorted order.

You can provide an optional subroutine reference to sort with (as you can with Perl's core sort function). However, instead of using $a and $b, you will need to use $_[0] and $_[1] instead.

   # ascending ASCIIbetical
   my @sorted = $stuff->sort_options();

   # Descending alphabetical order
   my @sorted_options = $stuff->sort_options( sub { lc $_[1] cmp lc $_[0] } );
   print "@sorted_options\n"; # prints "foo boo baz bar"
sort_in_place

Sorts the array in place, modifying the value of the attribute.

You can provide an optional subroutine reference to sort with (as you can with Perl's core sort function). However, instead of using $a and $b, you will need to use $_[0] and $_[1] instead.

shuffle

Returns the array, with indices in random order, like shuffle from List::Util.

uniq

Returns the array, with all duplicate elements removed, like uniq from List::MoreUtils.

join($str)

Joins every element of the array using the separator given as argument, just like Perl's core join function.

   my $joined = $stuff->join_options( ':' );
   print "$joined\n"; # prints "foo:bar:baz:boo"
set($index, $value)

Given an index and a value, sets the specified array element's value.

delete($index)

Removes the element at the given index from the array.

insert($index, $value)

Inserts a new element into the array at the given index.

clear

Empties the entire array, like @array = ().

accessor

This method provides a get/set accessor for the array, based on array indexes. If passed one argument, it returns the value at the specified index. If passed two arguments, it sets the value of the specified index.

natatime($n, $code)

This method returns an iterator which, on each call, returns $n more items from the array, in order, like natatime from List::MoreUtils. A coderef can optionally be provided; it will be called on each group of $n elements in the array.

METHODS ^

meta
method_provider
has_method_provider

BUGS ^

See "BUGS" in Moose for details on reporting bugs.

AUTHOR ^

Stevan Little <stevan@iinteractive.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2007-2009 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.

http://www.iinteractive.com

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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