Stevan Little > Moose > Moose::Role

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Module Version: 1.00   Source   Latest Release: Moose-2.1210

NAME ^

Moose::Role - The Moose Role

SYNOPSIS ^

  package Eq;
  use Moose::Role; # automatically turns on strict and warnings

  requires 'equal';

  sub no_equal {
      my ($self, $other) = @_;
      !$self->equal($other);
  }

  # ... then in your classes

  package Currency;
  use Moose; # automatically turns on strict and warnings

  with 'Eq';

  sub equal {
      my ($self, $other) = @_;
      $self->as_float == $other->as_float;
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

The concept of roles is documented in Moose::Manual::Roles. This document serves as API documentation.

EXPORTED FUNCTIONS ^

Moose::Role currently supports all of the functions that Moose exports, but differs slightly in how some items are handled (see "CAVEATS" below for details).

Moose::Role also offers two role-specific keyword exports:

requires (@method_names)

Roles can require that certain methods are implemented by any class which does the role.

Note that attribute accessors also count as methods for the purposes of satisfying the requirements of a role.

excludes (@role_names)

Roles can exclude other roles, in effect saying "I can never be combined with these @role_names". This is a feature which should not be used lightly.

unimport

Moose::Role offers a way to remove the keywords it exports, through the unimport method. You simply have to say no Moose::Role at the bottom of your code for this to work.

Moose::Role->init_meta(for_class => $role, metaclass => $metaclass)

The init_meta method sets up the metaclass object for the role specified by for_class. It also injects a a meta accessor into the role so you can get at this object.

The default metaclass is Moose::Meta::Role. You can specify an alternate metaclass with the metaclass parameter.

METACLASS ^

When you use Moose::Role, you can specify which metaclass to use:

    use Moose::Role -metaclass => 'My::Meta::Role';

You can also specify traits which will be applied to your role metaclass:

    use Moose::Role -traits => 'My::Trait';

This is very similar to the attribute traits feature. When you do this, your class's meta object will have the specified traits applied to it. See "Metaclass and Trait Name Resolution" in Moose for more details.

APPLYING ROLES ^

In addition to being applied to a class using the 'with' syntax (see Moose::Manual::Roles) and using the Moose::Util 'apply_all_roles' method, roles may also be applied to an instance of a class using Moose::Util 'apply_all_roles' or the role's metaclass:

   MyApp::Test::SomeRole->meta->apply( $instance );

Doing this creates a new, mutable, anonymous subclass, applies the role to that, and reblesses. In a debugger, for example, you will see class names of the form Class::MOP::Class::__ANON__::SERIAL::6 , which means that doing a 'ref' on your instance may not return what you expect. See Moose::Object for 'DOES'.

Additional params may be added to the new instance by providing 'rebless_params'. See Moose::Meta::Role::Application::ToInstance.

CAVEATS ^

Role support has only a few caveats:

BUGS ^

See "BUGS" in Moose for details on reporting bugs.

AUTHOR ^

Stevan Little <stevan@iinteractive.com>

Christian Hansen <chansen@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2006-2010 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.

http://www.iinteractive.com

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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