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Stevan Little > Promises-0.03 > Promises::Cookbook::TIMTOWTDI


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version 0.03


So, like I said before, Promises are a means by which you can more effectively manage your async operations and avoid callback spaghetti. But of course this is Perl and therefore there is always another way to do it. In this section I am going to show a few examples of other ways you could accomplish the same thing.


Please note that I am specifically illustrating ways to do this which I feel are inferior or less elegant then Promises. This is not meant to be a slight on the API of other modules at all, I am simply using these modules to try and illustrate other (perhaps more familiar) idioms in hopes that it will help people understand Promises.

I am sure there are other ways to do some of these things and do them more effectively, and I am fully willing to admit my ignorance here. I welcome any patches which might illustrate said ignorance, as I do not claim at all to be an expert in async programming.


Promises::Cookbook::TIMTOWTDI - Counter examples to Promises

AnyEvent::HTTP ^

So, enough caveating, please consider this (more traditional) version of our the Promises SYNOPSIS example using AnyEvent::HTTP.

  my $cv = AnyEvent->condvar;

  http_get('', sub {
      my ($product) = @_;
      http_get('', sub {
          my ($suggestions) = @_;
          http_get('', sub {
              my ($reviews) = @_;
                  product     => $product,
                  suggestions => $suggestions,
                  reviews     => $reviews,

  my $all_product_info = $cv->recv;

Not only do we have deeply nested callbacks, but we have an enforced order of operations. If you wanted to try and avoid that order of operations, you might end up writing something like this:

   my $product_cv    = AnyEvent->condvar;
   my $suggestion_cv = AnyEvent->condvar;
   my $review_cv     = AnyEvent->condvar;

   http_get('', sub {
       my ($product) = @_;
       $product_cv->send( $product );

   http_get('', sub {
       my ($suggestions) = @_;
       $suggestion_cv->send( $suggestions );

   http_get('', sub {
       my ($reviews) = @_;
       $reviews_cv->send( $reviews )

   my $all_product_info = {
       product     => $product_cv->recv,
       suggestions => $suggestions_cv->recv,
       reviews     => $reviews_cv->recv

But actually, this doesn't work either, while we do gain something by allowing the http_get calls to be run in whatever order works best, we still end up still enforcing some order in the way we call recv on our three condvars (Oh yeah, and we had to create and manage three condvars as well).

NOTE: Again, if can think of a better way to do this that I missed, please let me know.

Mojo::UserAgent ^

... TODO


Stevan Little <>


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This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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