Steven McDougall > Pod-Tree-1.17 > Pod::Tree::Node

Download:
Pod-Tree-1.17.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

Open  0
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 1.10   Source  

NAME ^

Pod::Tree::Node - nodes in a Pod::Tree

SYNOPSIS ^

  $node = root     Pod::Tree::Node \@paragraphs;
  $node = code     Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = verbatim Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = command  Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = ordinary Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = letter   Pod::Tree::Node $token;
  $node = sequence Pod::Tree::Node $letter, \@children;
  $node = text     Pod::Tree::Node $text;
  $node = target   Pod::Tree::Node $target;
  $node = link     Pod::Tree::Node $node, $page, $section;
  
  is_code     $node and ...
  is_command  $node and ...
  is_for      $node and ...
  is_item     $node and ...
  is_letter   $node and ...
  is_list     $node and ...
  is_ordinary $node and ...
  is_pod      $node and ...
  is_root     $node and ...
  is_sequence $node and ...
  is_text     $node and ...
  is_verbatim $node and ...
  is_link     $node and ...
  
  is_c_head1  $node and ...
  is_c_head2  $node and ...
  is_c_head3  $node and ...
  is_c_head4  $node and ...
  is_c_cut    $node and ...
  is_c_pod    $node and ...
  is_c_over   $node and ...
  is_c_back   $node and ...
  is_c_item   $node and ...
  is_c_for    $node and ...
  is_c_begin  $node and ...
  is_c_end    $node and ...
  
  $arg       = get_arg       $node;
  $brackets  = get_brackets  $node;
  $children  = get_children  $node;
  $command   = get_command   $node;
  $domain    = get_domain    $node;
  $item_type = get_item_type $node;
  $letter    = get_letter    $node;
  $list_type = get_list_type $node;
  $page      = get_page      $node;
  $raw       = get_raw       $node;
  $raw_kids  = get_raw_kids  $node;
  $section   = get_section   $node;
  $siblings  = get_siblings  $node;
  $target    = get_target    $node;
  $text      = get_text      $node;
  $type      = get_type      $node;
  $deep_text = get_deep_text $node;
  
  $node->force_text($text);
  $node->force_for;
  $node->parse_begin (\@nodes);
  $node->set_children(\@children);
  $node->make_sequences;
  $node->parse_links;
  $node->unescape;
  $node->consolidate;
  $node->make_lists;

  $node->clone;
  $node->dump;
  
  Pod::Tree::Node->set_filename($filename);
  $filename = $node->get_filename;

REQUIRES ^

Pod::Escapes

DESCRIPTION ^

Pod::Tree::Node objects are nodes in a tree that represents a POD. Applications walk the tree to recover the structure and content of the POD.

Methods are provided for

TREE STRUCTURE ^

Root node

The tree descends from a single root node; is_root returns true on this node and no other.

        $children = $root->get_children

returns a reference to an array of nodes. These nodes represent the POD.

Node types

For each node, call get_type to discover the type of the node

        for $child (@$children)
        {
            $type = $child->get_type;
        }

$type will be one of these strings:

'root'

The node is the root of the tree.

'code'

The node represents a paragraph that is not part of the POD.

'verbatim'

The node represents a verbatim paragraph.

'ordinary'

The node represents an ordinary paragraph.

'command'

The node represents an =command paragraph (but not an =over paragraph).

'sequence'

The node represents an interior sequence.

'target'

The node represents the target of a link (An L<> markup).

'text'

The node represents text that contains no interior sequences.

'list'

The node represents an =over list.

'item'

The node represents an item in an =over list.

'for'

The node represents a =for paragraph, or it represents the paragraphs between =begin/=end commands.

Here are instructions for walking these node types.

root node

Call

        $children = $node->get_children

to get a list of nodes representing the POD.

code nodes

A code node contains the text of a paragraph that is not part of the POD, for example, a paragraph that follows an =cut command. Call

        $text = $node->get_text

to recover the text of the paragraph.

verbatim nodes

A verbatim node contains the text of a verbatim paragraph. Call

        $text = $node->get_text

to recover the text of the paragraph.

ordinary nodes

An ordinary node represents the text of an ordinary paragraph. The text is parsed into a list of text and sequence nodes; these nodes are the children of the ordinary node. Call

        $children = $node->get_children

to get a list of the children. Iterate over this list to recover the text of the paragraph.

command nodes

A command node represents an =command paragraph. Call

        $command = $node->get_command;

to recover the name of the command. The name is returned without the equals sign.

=over paragraphs are represented by list nodes, not command nodes; see "list nodes", below.

The text of a command paragraph is parsed into a list of text and sequence nodes; these nodes are the children of the command node. Call

        $children = $node->get_children;

to get a list of the children. Iterate over this list to recover the text of the paragraph.

sequence nodes

A sequence node represents a single interior sequence (a <> markup). Call

        $node->get_letter

to recover the original markup letter. The contents of the markup are parsed into a list of text and sequence nodes; these nodes are the children of the sequence node. Call

        $node->get_children

to recover them.

Z<> and E<> markups do not generate sequence nodes; these markups are expanded by Pod::Tree when the tree is built.

target nodes

If a sequence node represents a link (an L<> markup), then

        is_link $node

returns true and

        $target = $node->get_target

returns a node representing the target of the link.

Pod::Tree::Node can represent targets in two domains: POD and HTTP. The POD domain represents the

        L<page/section>

markups that are described in perlpod. The HTTP domain represents L<> markups that contain a URL, e.g.

        L<http://foo.bar.com/page.html#fragment>

Call

        $domain = $target->get_domain

to discover the domain of the target. For targets in the POD domain, call

        $page    = $target->get_page;
        $section = $target->get_section;

to recover the man page and section that the link refers to. For targets in the HTTP domain, call

        $url     = $target->get_page;

to recover the URL for the link.

$target is used only for constructing hyper-links; the text to be displayed for the link is recovered by walking the children of $node, as for any other interior sequence.

text nodes

A text node represents text that contains no interior sequences. Call

        $text = $node->get_text

to recover the text.

list nodes

A list node represents an =over list. Call

        $list_type = $node->get_list_type;

to discover the type of the list. This will be one of the strings

'bullet'
'number'
'text'

The type of a list is the type of the first item in the list.

The children of a list node are item nodes; each item node represents one item in the list.

You can call

        $node->get_arg;

to recover the indent value following the =over.

item nodes

An item node represents one item in an =over list. Call

        $item_type = $node->get_item_type;

to discover the type of the item. This will be one of the strings shown above for "list nodes". Typically, all the items in a list have the same type, but Pod::Tree::Node doesn't assume this.

The children of an item node represent the text of the =item paragraph; this is usually of interest only for 'text' items. Call

        $children = $node->get_children

to get a list of the children; these will be sequence and text nodes, as for any other =command paragraph.

Each item node also has a list of nodes representing all the paragraphs following it, up to the next =item command, or the end of the list. These nodes are called siblings of the item node. Call

        $siblings = $node->get_siblings

to get a list of sibling nodes.

for nodes

for nodes represent text that is to be passed to an external formatter. Call

        $formatter = $node->get_arg;

to discover the name of the formatter. Call

        $text = $node->get_text;

to obtain the text to be passed to the formatter. This will either be the text of an =for command, or all of the text between =begin and =end commands.

Walking the tree

PODs have a recursive structure; therefore, any application that walks a Pod::Tree must also be recursive. See skeleton for an example of the necessary code.

METHODS ^

Constructors

These methods construct Pod::Tree::Node objects. They are used to build trees. They aren't necessary to walk trees.

  $node = root     Pod::Tree::Node \@paragraphs;
  $node = code     Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = verbatim Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = command  Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = ordinary Pod::Tree::Node $paragraph;
  $node = letter   Pod::Tree::Node $token;
  $node = sequence Pod::Tree::Node $letter, \@children;
  $node = text     Pod::Tree::Node $text;
  $node = target   Pod::Tree::Node $target;
  $node = link     Pod::Tree::Node $node, $page, $section;
$link = Pod::Tree::Node->link($node, $page, $section)

Creates a new sequence node representing an L<> markup. $node becomes the sole child of the new node. The target of the node is constructed from $page and $section.

This method isn't used to parse PODs. It is provided for applications that want to create new links in an existing Pod::Tree structure.

Tests

These methods return true iff $node has the type indicated by the method name.

  is_code     $node and ...
  is_command  $node and ...
  is_for      $node and ...
  is_item     $node and ...
  is_letter   $node and ...
  is_link     $node and ...
  is_list     $node and ...
  is_ordinary $node and ...
  is_pod      $node and ...
  is_root     $node and ...
  is_sequence $node and ...
  is_text     $node and ...
  is_verbatim $node and ...

is_pod returns true for all nodes except code, =pod, and =cut nodes.

These methods return true iff $node is a command node, and the command is the one indicated by the method name.

  is_c_head1  $node and ...
  is_c_head2  $node and ...
  is_c_head3  $node and ...
  is_c_head4  $node and ...
  is_c_cut    $node and ...
  is_c_pod    $node and ...
  is_c_over   $node and ...
  is_c_back   $node and ...
  is_c_item   $node and ...
  is_c_for    $node and ...
  is_c_begin  $node and ...
  is_c_end    $node and ...

Accessors

These methods return information about nodes. Most accessors are only relevant for certain types of nodes.

$arg = get_arg $node

Returns the argument of $node. This is the number following an =over command, or the name of an external translator for =for, =begin, and =end commands. Only relevant for these four command nodes.

$brackets = get_brackets $node

Only relevant for for nodes.

If the node represents an =for command, @$brackets is a single-element list. The list element is the text of the =for command and its argument, i.e. the name of the external formatter.

If the node represents a =begin/=end construct, @$brackets is a two-element list containing the text of the =begin and =end paragraphs.

$children = get_children $node

Returns a reference to the list of nodes that are children of $node. May be called on any node. The list may be empty.

$command = get_command $node

Returns the name of a command, without the equals sign. Only relevant for command nodes.

$domain = get_domain $node

Only relevant for target nodes. Returns the domain of the target. This will be one of the strings

'HTTP'
'POD'
$item_type = get_item_type $node

Returns the type of an item node. The type will be one of

'bullet'
'number'
'text'
$letter = get_letter $node

Returns the letter that introduces an interior sequence. Only relevant for sequence nodes.

$list_type = get_list_type $node

Returns the type of a list node. The type of a list node is the type of the first item node in the list.

$page = get_page $node

Only relevant for target nodes. For targets in the POD domain, returns the man page that is the target of the link. For targets in the HTTP domain, returns the URL that is the target of the link.

$raw = get_raw $node

Returns the original text of a paragraph. Currently provided for command, verbatim, and ordinary paragraphs.

$raw_kids = get_raw_kids $node

Only provided for L<> sequence nodes. Returns a reference to a list of nodes representing the entire text of the L<> sequence, including any part following a vertical bar (|).

The original text of the L<> markup can be reconstructed from this list.

$section = get_section $node

Only relevant for target nodes in the POD domain. Returns the section that is the target of a link.

$siblings = get_siblings $node

Returns the siblings of a node. May be called on any node. Only item nodes have siblings.

$target = get_target $node

Returns the target of a node. Only relevant for sequence nodes that represent links (L<> markups). is_link returns true on these nodes.

$text = get_text $node

Returns the text of a node. $text will not contain any interior sequences. Only relevant for text nodes.

$type = get_type $node

Returns the type of $node. May be called on any node. See "TREE STRUCTURE" for descriptions of the node types.

$deep_text = get_deep_text $node

Recursively walks the children of a node, catenates together the text from each node, and returns all that text as a single string. All interior sequence markups are discarded.

get_deep_text is provided as a convenience for applications that want to ignore markups in a POD paragraph.

Parsing

These methods manipulate the tree while it is being built. They aren't necessary to walk the tree.

  $node->force_text($text)
  $node->force_for;
  $node->parse_begin (\@nodes);
  $node->set_children(\@children);
  $node->make_sequences;
  $node->parse_links;
  $node->unescape;
  $node->consolidate;
  $node->make_lists;

Utility

$node->clone

Returns a deep copy of a node. Only implemented for text and sequence nodes.

$node->dump

Returns a string containing a pretty-printed representation of the node. Calling dump on the root node of a tree will show the entire POD.

Pod::Tree::Node->set_filename($filename)

Sets the file name to be reported in error messages.

$filename = $node->getfile_name

Returns the file name set by set_file_name.

EXAMPLES ^

The t/ directory in the Pod::Tree distribution contains examples of PODs, together with dumps of the trees that Pod::Tree constructs for them. The tree for t/file.pod is in t/file.p_exp.

Pod::Tree::Node::dump is a simple example of code that walks a POD tree.

skeleton is a skeleton application that walks a POD tree.

NOTES ^

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), Pod::Tree

AUTHOR ^

Steven McDougall, swmcd@world.std.com

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 1999-2004 by Steven McDougall. This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: