Tom Molesworth > Tickit-DSL-0.010 > Tickit::DSL

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Module Version: 0.010   Source   Latest Release: Tickit-DSL-0.022

NAME ^

Tickit::DSL - domain-specific language for Tickit terminal apps

VERSION ^

version 0.010

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Tickit::DSL;
 vbox {
  hbox { static 'left' } expand => 1;
  hbox { static 'right' } expand => 1;
 }

DESCRIPTION ^

WARNING: This is an early version, has an experimental API, and is subject to change in future. Please get in contact and/or wait for 1.0 if you want something stable.

Provides a simplified interface for writing Tickit applications. This is mainly intended for prototyping:

 #!/usr/bin/env perl
 use strict;
 use warnings;
 use Tickit::DSL;
 
 vbox {
  # Single line menu at the top of the screen
  menubar {
   submenu File => sub {
    menuitem Open  => sub { warn 'open' };
    menuspacer;
    menuitem Exit  => sub { tickit->stop };
   };
   submenu Edit => sub {
    menuitem Copy  => sub { warn 'copy' };
    menuitem Cut   => sub { warn 'cut' };
    menuitem Paste => sub { warn 'paste' };
   };
   menuspacer;
   submenu Help => sub {
    menuitem About => sub { warn 'about' };
   };
  };
  # A 2-panel layout covers most of the rest of the display
  widget {
   # Left and right panes:
   vsplit {
    # A tree on the left, 1/4 total width
    widget {
     placeholder;
    } expand => 1;
    # and a tab widget on the right, 3/4 total width
    widget {
     tabbed {
      widget { placeholder } label => 'First thing';
        };
    } expand => 3;
   } expand => 1;
  } expand => 1;
  # At the bottom of the screen we show the status bar
  # statusbar { } show => [qw(clock cpu memory debug)];
  # although it's not on CPAN yet so we don't
 };
 tickit->run;

METHODS ^

import

By default we'll import all the known widget shortcuts. To override this, pass a list (possibly empty) on import:

 use Tickit::DSL qw();

By default, the synchronous Tickit class will be used. You can make "tickit" refer to a Tickit::Async object instead by passing the :async tag:

 use Tickit::DSL qw(:async);

the default is :sync , but you can make this explicit:

 use Tickit::DSL qw(:sync);

There is currently no support for mixing the two styles in a single application - if :async or :sync have already been passed to a previous import, attempting to apply the opposite one will cause an exception.

This is fine:

 use Tickit::DSL qw(:sync);
 use Tickit::DSL qw();
 use Tickit::DSL;

This is not:

 use Tickit::DSL qw(:sync);
 use Tickit::DSL qw(:async); # will raise an exception

FUNCTIONS - Utility ^

All functions are exported, unless otherwise noted.

loop

Returns the IO::Async::Loop instance if we're in :async mode, throws an exception if we're not. See "import" for details.

tickit

Returns (constructing if necessary) the Tickit (or Tickit::Async) instance.

later

Defers a block of code.

 later {
  print "this happened later\n";
 };

Will run the code after the next round of I/O events.

timer

Sets up a timer to run a block of code later.

 timer {
  print "about a second has passed\n";
 } after => 1;

 timer {
  print "about a minute has passed\n";
 } at => time + 60;

Takes a codeblock and either at or after definitions. Passing anything other than a single definition will cause an exception.

add_widgets

Adds some widgets under an existing widget.

 my $some_widget = vbox { };
 add_widgets {
  vbox { ... };
  hbox { ... };
 } under => $some_widget;

Returns the widget we added the new widgets under (i.e. the under parameter).

FUNCTIONS - Layout ^

The following functions create/manage widgets which are useful for layout purposes.

vbox

Creates a Tickit::Widget::VBox. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new vbox.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::VBox instance:

 vbox {
   ...
 } class => 'some_vbox';
 vbox {
   ...
 } classes => [qw(other vbox)], style => { fg => 'green' };

vsplit

Creates a Tickit::Widget::VSplit. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new widget. Note that this widget expects 2 child widgets only.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::VSplit instance:

 vsplit {
   ...
 } class => 'some_vsplit';
 vsplit {
   ...
 } classes => [qw(other vsplit)], style => { fg => 'green' };

frame

Uses Tickit::Widget::Frame to draw a frame around a single widget. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new frame.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::Frame instance:

 frame {
   ...
 } title => 'some frame', title_align => 0.5;

gridbox

Creates a Tickit::Widget::GridBox. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new widget.

Although any widget is allowed here, you'll probably want all the immediate children to be "gridrow"s.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::GridBox instance:

 gridbox {
   gridrow { static 'left'; static 'right' };
   gridrow { static 'BL'; static 'BR' };
 } style => { col_spacing => 1, row_spacing => 1 };

gridrow

Marks a separate row in an existing Tickit::Widget::GridBox. This behaves something like a container, see "gridbox" for details.

hbox

Creates a Tickit::Widget::HBox. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new hbox.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::HBox instance:

 hbox {
   ...
 } class => 'some_hbox';
 hbox {
   ...
 } classes => [qw(other hbox)], style => { fg => 'green' };

hsplit

Creates a Tickit::Widget::HSplit. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new widget. Note that this widget expects 2 child widgets only.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::HSplit instance:

 hsplit {
   ...
 } class => 'some_hsplit';
 hsplit {
   ...
 } classes => [qw(other hsplit)], style => { fg => 'green' };

relative

See "pane" for the details.

pane

A pane in a "relative" layout.

FUNCTIONS - Scrolling ^

The following functions create/manage widgets which deal with data that wouldn't normally fit in the available terminal space.

scrollbox

Creates a Tickit::Widget::ScrollBox. This is a container, so the first parameter is a coderef which will switch the current parent to the new widget. Note that this widget expects a single child widget only.

Any additional parameters will be passed to the new Tickit::Widget::ScrollBox instance:

 scrollbox {
   ...
 } class => 'some_hsplit';

scroller

Adds a Tickit::Widget::Scroller. Contents are probably going to be "scroller_text" for now.

 scroller {
   scroller_text 'line ' . $_ for 1..500;
 };

Passes any additional args to the constructor:

 scroller {
   scroller_text 'line ' . $_ for 1..100;
 } gravity => 'bottom';

scroller_text

A text item, expects to be added to a "scroller".

FUNCTIONS - Miscellaneous container ^

These act as containers.

tabbed

Creates a Tickit::Widget::Tabbed instance. Use the "widget" wrapper to set the label when adding new tabs, or provide the label as a parent: attribute:

 tabbed {
   widget { static 'some text' } label => 'first tab';
   static 'other text' 'parent:label' => 'second tab';
 };

If you want a different ribbon, pass it like so:

 tabbed {
   static 'some text' 'parent:label' => 'first tab';
   static 'other text' 'parent:label' => 'second tab';
 } ribbon_class => 'Some::Ribbon::Class', tab_position => 'top';

The ribbon_class parameter may be undocumented.

statusbar

A Tickit::Widget::Statusbar. Not very exciting.

static

Static text. Very simple:

 static 'some text';

You can be more specific if you want:

 static 'some text', align => 'center';

entry

A Tickit::Widget::Entry input field. Takes a coderef as the first parameter since the on_enter handler seems like an important feature.

 my $rslt = static 'result here';
 entry { shift; $rslt->set_text(eval shift) } text => '1 + 3';

checkbox

Checkbox (or checkbutton).

radiobutton

 radiogroup {
  radiobutton { } 'one';
  radiobutton { } 'two';
  radiobutton { } 'three';
 };

radiogroup

See "radiobutton".

button

A button. First parameter is the code to run when activated, second parameter is the label:

 button { warn "Activated" } 'OK';

tree

A Tickit::Widget::Tree. If it works I'd be amazed.

placeholder

Use this if you're not sure which widget you want yet. It's a Tickit::Widget::Placegrid, so there aren't many options.

 placeholder;
 vbox {
   widget { placeholder } expand => 3;
   placeholder 'parent:expand' => 5;
 };

This is also available under the alias placegrid.

placegrid

An alias for "placeholder".

decoration

Purely decorative. A Tickit::Widget::Decoration, controlled entirely through styles.

 decoration;
 vbox {
   widget { decoration } expand => 3;
   decoration class => 'deco1', 'parent:expand' => 5;
 };

FUNCTIONS - Menu-related

Things for menus

menubar

Menubar courtesy of Tickit::Widget::MenuBar. Every self-respecting app wants one of these.

 menubar {
  submenu File => sub {
   menuitem Exit  => sub { tickit->stop };
  };
  menuspacer;
  submenu Help => sub {
   menuitem About => sub { warn 'about' };
  };
 };

submenu

A menu entry in a "menubar". First parameter is used as the label, second is the coderef to populate the widgets (will be called immediately).

See "menubar".

menuspacer

Adds a spacer if you're in a menu. No idea what it'd do if you're not in a menu.

menuitem

A menu is not much use without something in it. See "menubar".

FUNCTIONS - Generic or internal use

Things that don't really fit into the other categories.

customwidget

A generic function for adding 'custom' widgets - i.e. anything that's not already supported by this module.

This will call the coderef, expecting to get back a Tickit::Widget, then it'll apply that widget to whatever the current parent is. Any options will be passed as widget arguments, see "widget" for details.

 customwidget {
  my $tbl = Tickit::Widget::Table::Paged->new;
  $tbl->add_column(...);
  $tbl;
 } expand => 1;

widget

Many container widgets provide support for additional options when adding child widgets. For example, a Tickit::Widget::VBox can take an expand parameter which determines how space should be allocated between children.

This function provides a way to pass those options - use it as a wrapper around another widget-generating function, like so:

 widget { static 'this is text' } expand => 1;

in context, this would be:

 vbox {
   widget { static => '33%' } expand => 1;
   widget { static => '66%' } expand => 2;
 };

Note that this functionality can also be applied by passing attributes with the parent: prefix o the widgets themselves - the above example would thus be:

 vbox {
   static => '33%' 'parent:expand' => 1;
   static => '66%' 'parent:expand' => 2;
 };

apply_widget

Internal function used for applying the given widget.

Not exported.

SEE ALSO ^

INHERITED METHODS ^

Exporter

as_heavy, export, export_fail, export_ok_tags, export_tags, export_to_level, require_version

AUTHOR ^

Tom Molesworth <cpan@entitymodel.com>

LICENSE ^

Copyright Tom Molesworth 2012-2013. Licensed under the same terms as Perl itself.

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