Toby Inkster > JSON-Schema-0.015 > JSON::Schema

Download:
JSON-Schema-0.015.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

Website

CPAN RT

New  2
Open  1
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 0.015   Source  

NAME ^

JSON::Schema - validate JSON against a schema

SYNOPSIS ^

 my $validator = JSON::Schema->new($schema, %options);
 my $json      = from_json( ... );
 my $result    = $validator->validate($json);
 
 if ($result)
 {
   print "Valid!\n";
 }
 else
 {
   print "Errors\n";
   print " - $_\n" foreach $result->errors;
 }

DESCRIPTION ^

Constructors

JSON::Schema->new($schema, %options)

Given a JSON (or equivalent Perl nested hashref/arrayref structure) Schema, returns a Perl object capable of checking objects against that schema.

Note that some schemas contain '$ref' properties which act as inclusions; this module does not expand those, but the JSON::Hyper module can.

The only option currently supported is 'format' which takes a hashref of formats (section 5.23 of the current JSON Schema draft) such that the keys are the names of the formats, and the values are regular expressions or callback functions. %JSON::Schema::FORMATS provides a library of useful format checkers, but by default no format checkers are used.

 my $s = JSON::Schema->new($schema,
                           format => \%JSON::Schema::FORMATS);
JSON::Schema->detect($url)

Given the URL for a JSON instance (or an HTTP::Response object) returns a list of schemas (as JSON::Schema objects) that the JSON instance claims to conform to, detected from the HTTP response headers.

Methods

validate($object)

Validates the object against the schema and returns a JSON::Schema::Result.

schema

Returns the original schema as a hashref/arrayref structure.

format

Returns the hashref of format checkers.

ua

Returns the LWP::UserAgent that this schema object has used or would use to retrieve content from the web.

Perl Specifics

Perl uses weak typing. This module largely gives JSON instances the benefit of the doubt. For example, if something looks like a number (e.g. a string which only includes the digits 0 to 9) then it will validate against schemas that require a number.

The module extends JSON Schema's native set of types ('string', 'number', 'integer', 'boolean', 'array', 'object', 'null', 'any') with any Perl package name. i.e. the following is valid:

  my $validator = JSON::Schema->new({
    properties => { 
      'time' => { type => ['DateTime','string'] },
    },
  });
  my $object = {
    'time' => DateTime->now;
  };
  my $result = $schema->validate($object);

This extension makes JSON::Schema useful not just for validating JSON structures, but acyclic Perl structures generally.

Acyclic. Yes, acyclic. You don't want an infinite loop.

BUGS ^

Please report any bugs to http://rt.cpan.org/.

SEE ALSO ^

JSON::Schema::Result, JSON::Schema::Error, JSON::Schema::Helper, JSON::Schema::Null, JSON::Schema::Examples.

Related modules: JSON::T, JSON::Path, JSON::GRDDL, JSON::Hyper.

http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zyp-json-schema.

AUTHOR ^

Toby Inkster <tobyink@cpan.org>.

This is largely a port of Kris Zyp's Javascript JSON Schema validator http://code.google.com/p/jsonschema/.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE ^

Copyright 2007-2009 Kris Zyp.

Copyright 2010-2012 Toby Inkster.

This module is tri-licensed. It is available under the X11 (a.k.a. MIT) licence; you can also redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

a.k.a. "The MIT Licence"

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

syntax highlighting: