Todd Rinaldo > IO-Stty-0.03 > IO::Stty

Download:
IO-Stty-0.03.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

Website

Related Modules

IO::Tty
Net::Telnet
Term::ReadKey
more...
By perlmonks.org
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 0.03   Source  

NAME ^

Change and print terminal line settings

SYNOPSIS ^

    # calling the script directly
    stty.pl [setting...]
    stty.pl {-a,-g,-v,--version}
    
    # Calling Stty module
    use IO::Stty;
    IO::Stty::stty(\*TTYHANDLE, @modes);

     use IO::Stty;
     $old_mode=IO::Stty::stty(\*STDIN,'-g');

     # Turn off echoing.
     IO::Stty::stty(\*STDIN,'-echo');

     # Do whatever.. grab input maybe?
     $read_password = <>;

     # Now restore the old mode.
     IO::Stty::stty(\*STDIN,$old_mode);

     # What settings do we have anyway?
     print IO::Stty::stty(\*STDIN,'-a');

DESCRIPTION ^

This is the PERL POSIX compliant stty.

INTRO ^

This has not been tailored to the IO::File stuff but will work with it as indicated. Before you go futzing with term parameters it's a good idea to grab the current settings and restore them when you finish.

stty accepts the following non-option arguments that change aspects of the terminal line operation. A `[-]' before a capability means that it can be turned off by preceding it with a `-'.

stty parameters ^

Control settings

[-]parenb

Generate parity bit in output and expect parity bit in input.

[-]parodd

Set odd parity (even with `-').

cs5 cs6 cs7 cs8

Set character size to 5, 6, 7, or 8 bits.

[-]hupcl [-]hup

Send a hangup signal when the last process closes the tty.

[-]cstopb

Use two stop bits per character (one with `-').

[-]cread

Allow input to be received.

[-]clocal

Disable modem control signals.

Input settings

[-]ignbrk

Ignore break characters.

[-]brkint

Breaks cause an interrupt signal.

[-]ignpar

Ignore characters with parity errors.

[-]parmrk

Mark parity errors (with a 255-0-character sequence).

[-]inpck

Enable input parity checking.

[-]istrip

Clear high (8th) bit of input characters.

[-]inlcr

Translate newline to carriage return.

[-]igncr

Ignore carriage return.

[-]icrnl

Translate carriage return to newline.

[-]ixon

Enable XON/XOFF flow control.

[-]ixoff

Enable sending of stop character when the system input buffer is almost full, and start character when it becomes almost empty again.

Output settings

[-]opost

Postprocess output.

Local settings

[-]isig

Enable interrupt, quit, and suspend special characters.

[-]icanon

Enable erase, kill, werase, and rprnt special characters.

[-]echo

Echo input characters.

[-]echoe, [-]crterase

Echo erase characters as backspace-space-backspace.

[-]echok

Echo a newline after a kill character.

[-]echonl

Echo newline even if not echoing other characters.

[-]noflsh

Disable flushing after interrupt and quit special characters.

* Though this claims non-posixhood it is supported by the perl POSIX.pm.

[-]tostop (np)

Stop background jobs that try to write to the terminal.

Combination settings

ek

Reset the erase and kill special characters to their default values.

sane

Same as:

    cread -ignbrk brkint -inlcr -igncr icrnl -ixoff opost 
    isig icanon echo echoe echok -echonl -noflsh -tostop 

also sets all special characters to their default values.

[-]cooked

Same as:

    brkint ignpar istrip icrnl ixon opost isig icanon

plus sets the eof and eol characters to their default values if they are the same as the min and time characters. With `-', same as raw.

[-]raw

Same as:

    -ignbrk -brkint -ignpar -parmrk -inpck -istrip -inlcr -igncr
    -icrnl -ixon -ixoff -opost -isig -icanon min 1 time 0

With `-', same as cooked.

[-]pass8

Same as:

    -parenb -istrip cs8

With `-', same as parenb istrip cs7.

dec

Same as:

    echoe echoctl echoke -ixany

Also sets the interrupt special character to Ctrl-C, erase to Del, and kill to Ctrl-U.

Special characters

The special characters' default values vary from system to system. They are set with the syntax `name value', where the names are listed below and the value can be given either literally, in hat notation (`^c'), or as an integer which may start with `0x' to indicate hexadecimal, `0' to indicate octal, or any other digit to indicate decimal. Giving a value of `^-' or `undef' disables that special character.

intr

Send an interrupt signal.

quit

Send a quit signal.

erase

Erase the last character typed.

kill

Erase the current line.

eof

Send an end of file (terminate the input).

eol

End the line.

start

Restart the output after stopping it.

stop

Stop the output.

susp

Send a terminal stop signal.

Special settings

min N

Set the minimum number of characters that will satisfy a read until the time value has expired, when <E>-icanon<E> is set.

time N

Set the number of tenths of a second before reads time out if the min number of characters have not been read, when -icanon is set.

N

Set the input and output speeds to N. N can be one of: 0 50 75 110 134 134.5 150 200 300 600 1200 1800 2400 4800 9600 19200 38400 exta extb. exta is the same as 19200; extb is the same as 38400. 0 hangs up the line if -clocal is set.

OPTIONS

-a

Print all current settings in human-readable form.

-g

Print all current settings in a form that can be used as an argument to another stty command to restore the current settings.

-v,--version

Print version info.

Direct Subroutines ^

stty()
    IO::Stty::stty(\*STDIN, @params);

From comments:

    I'm not feeling very inspired about this. Terminal parameters are obscure
    and boring. Basically what this will do is get the current setting,
    take the parameters, modify the setting and write it back. Zzzz.
    This is not especially efficent and probably not too fast. Assuming the POSIX
    spec has been implemented properly it should mostly work.
show_me_the_crap()

Needs documentation

AUTHOR ^

Austin Schutz <auschutz@cpan.org> (Initial version and maintenance)

Todd Rinaldo <toddr@cpan.org> (Maintenance)

BUGS ^

This is use at your own risk software. Do anything you want with it except blame me for it blowing up your machine because it's full of bugs.

See above for what functions are supported. It's mostly standard POSIX stuff. If any of the settings are wrong and you actually know what some of these extremely arcane settings (like what 'sane' should be in POSIX land) really should be, please open an RT ticket.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ^

None

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE ^

Copyright 1997 Austin Schutz, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: