Todd Rinaldo > IO-Tty-1.10 > IO::Pty

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Module Version: 1.10   Source  

NAME ^

IO::Pty - Pseudo TTY object class

VERSION ^

1.10

SYNOPSIS ^

    use IO::Pty;

    $pty = new IO::Pty;

    $slave  = $pty->slave;

    foreach $val (1..10) {
        print $pty "$val\n";
        $_ = <$slave>;
        print "$_";
    }

    close($slave);

DESCRIPTION ^

IO::Pty provides an interface to allow the creation of a pseudo tty.

IO::Pty inherits from IO::Handle and so provide all the methods defined by the IO::Handle package.

Please note that pty creation is very system-dependend. If you have problems, see IO::Tty for help.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

new

The new constructor takes no arguments and returns a new file object which is the master side of the pseudo tty.

METHODS ^

ttyname()

Returns the name of the slave pseudo tty. On UNIX machines this will be the pathname of the device. Use this name for informational purpose only, to get a slave filehandle, use slave().

slave()

The slave method will return the slave filehandle of the given master pty, opening it anew if necessary. If IO::Stty is installed, you can then call $slave->stty() to modify the terminal settings.

close_slave()

The slave filehandle will be closed and destroyed. This is necessary in the parent after forking to get rid of the open filehandle, otherwise the parent will not notice if the child exits. Subsequent calls of slave() will return a newly opened slave filehandle.

make_slave_controlling_terminal()

This will set the slave filehandle as the controlling terminal of the current process, which will become a session leader, so this should only be called by a child process after a fork(), e.g. in the callback to sync_exec() (see Proc::SyncExec). See the try script (also test.pl) for an example how to correctly spawn a subprocess.

set_raw()

Will set the pty to raw. Note that this is a one-way operation, you need IO::Stty to set the terminal settings to anything else.

On some systems, the master pty is not a tty. This method checks for that and returns success anyway on such systems. Note that this method must be called on the slave, and probably should be called on the master, just to be sure, i.e.

  $pty->slave->set_raw();
  $pty->set_raw();
clone_winsize_from(\*FH)

Gets the terminal size from filehandle FH (which must be a terminal) and transfers it to the pty. Returns true on success and undef on failure. Note that this must be called upon the slave, i.e.

 $pty->slave->clone_winsize_from(\*STDIN);

On some systems, the master pty also isatty. I actually have no idea if setting terminal sizes there is passed through to the slave, so if this method is called for a master that is not a tty, it silently returns OK.

See the try script for example code how to propagate SIGWINCH.

SEE ALSO ^

IO::Tty, IO::Tty::Constant, IO::Handle, Expect, Proc::SyncExec

MAILING LISTS ^

As this module is mainly used by Expect, support for it is available via the two Expect mailing lists, expectperl-announce and expectperl-discuss, at

  http://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/expectperl-announce

and

  http://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/expectperl-discuss

AUTHORS ^

Originally by Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>, based on the Ptty module by Nick Ing-Simmons <nik@tiuk.ti.com>.

Now maintained and heavily rewritten by Roland Giersig <RGiersig@cpan.org>.

Contains copyrighted stuff from openssh v3.0p1, authored by Tatu Ylonen <ylo@cs.hut.fi>, Markus Friedl and Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>.

COPYRIGHT ^

Now all code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Nevertheless the above AUTHORS retain their copyrights to the various parts and want to receive credit if their source code is used. See the source for details.

DISCLAIMER ^

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

In other words: Use at your own risk. Provided as is. Your mileage may vary. Read the source, Luke!

And finally, just to be sure:

Any Use of This Product, in Any Manner Whatsoever, Will Increase the Amount of Disorder in the Universe. Although No Liability Is Implied Herein, the Consumer Is Warned That This Process Will Ultimately Lead to the Heat Death of the Universe.

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