Todd Vierling > Mail-Milter-0.07 > Mail::Milter::Module::SPF

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Module Version: 0.01   Source  

NAME ^

Mail::Milter::Module::SPF - milter to use Sender Policy Framework for accept/reject

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Mail::Milter::Module::SPF;

    my $milter = new Mail::Milter::Module::SPF;

    my $milter2 = &SPF; # convenience

WARNING ^

This module is known to have major problems. It should NOT be used in a production environment at this time.

DESCRIPTION ^

This milter module rejects any mail from a sender (in the MAIL FROM part of the SMTP transaction, not in the From: header) if that sender's domain publishes a Sender Policy Framework (SPF) record denying access to the connection host.

The pass/fail result from SPF is configurable as to whether mail will be accepted or rejected immediately. By default, this module will reject a sender whose SPF lookup returns "fail", and allow others to pass, setting a Received-SPF: header with the SPF lookup result. See the methods below for knobs tunable for different situations.

This module requires the Mail::SPF::Query module (version 1.996 or later) to be installed in order to fetch the SPF record.

Be sure to read BUGS at the bottom of this documentation for a list of currently unsupported features.

METHODS ^

new()

Creates a SPF object. There are no arguments to configure this module from the constructor; see the methods below for changeable options.

add_header(HEADERNAME)

Tell this module to append a header on messages which are not rejected, indicating the SPF result value and a comment explaining the result. By default, this is enabled with the standard header name Received-SPF.

Note that this header is not appended if whitelist_pass(1) is in effect, and a sender is whitelisted by a SPF "pass" result. This is because whitelisting skips all other mail processing, so this module cannot add headers at the end of processing.

If HEADERNAME is undef, the header is disabled and will not be appended to any message.

This method returns a reference to the object itself, allowing this method call to be chained.

ignore_softfail(FLAG)

If FLAG is 0, a SPF record resulting in "softfail" will be rejected as if the result were "fail".

If FLAG is 1 (the default), a "softfail" is ignored, treated as if it returned "neutral".

This method returns a reference to the object itself, allowing this method call to be chained.

ignore_tempfail(FLAG)

If FLAG is 0 (the default), a DNS lookup which fails the underlying DNS query (a SPF "error" result) will cause the milter to return a temporary failure result (SMFIS_TEMPFAIL).

If FLAG is 1, a temporary DNS failure will be treated as if the lookup resulted in an empty record set (and thus a SPF "none" result).

This method returns a reference to the object itself, allowing this method call to be chained.

local_rules(RULETEXT)

Add one or more SPF rules to try before a "-all" or "?all" record is encountered, in an attempt to validate the mail. This is useful for enumerating secondary MX servers or non-SRS-compliant forwarding systems which send mail to this host.

The rules must be contained in a single string, separated by spaces.

This method returns a reference to the object itself, allowing this method call to be chained.

set_message(MESSAGE)

Sets the message used when rejecting messages. This string may contain the substring %M, which will be replaced by the matching e-mail address, and/or %E, which will be replaced by the SPF explanatory URL and text.

This method returns a reference to the object itself, allowing this method call to be chained.

whitelist_pass(FLAG)

If FLAG is 0 (the default), a SPF "pass" result will be treated like any other non-failure result, allowing the message to pass through without other special handling.

If FLAG is 1, a SPF "pass" result will cause this module to return SMFIS_ACCEPT, a value that is used by the accept_break(1) behavior of Mail::Milter::Chain, to ignore the results of other modules in the chain. Note that because SPF does not accept or reject until the MAIL FROM: stage, it may be necessary to embed a DeferToRCPT wrapper into the whitelisting chain. For example,

    use Mail::Milter::Chain;
    use Mail::Milter::Module::SPF;
    use Mail::Milter::Wrapper::DeferToRCPT;

    my $spf_whitelisted_chain = new Mail::Milter::Chain(
        &SPF->whitelist_pass(1),
        &DeferToRCPT(new Mail::Milter::Chain(
            $milter1, ...
        ))
    )->accept_break(1);

This method returns a reference to the object itself, allowing this method call to be chained.

BUGS ^

Currently this module only handles IPv4 connecting hosts. IPv6 hosts pass through without any SPF handling.

This module does not currently support the result2() form of the SPF query for special secondary-MX handling. Currently local_rules() must be used to set up SPF exceptions for those secondary MX hosts.

The best_guess() and trusted_forwarder() special lookups are not yet supported.

AUTHOR ^

Todd Vierling, <tv@duh.org> <tv@pobox.com>

SEE ALSO ^

Mail::Milter::Object, Mail::SPF::Query

the Sender Policy Framework Web site, http://spf.pobox.com/

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