urpmi.recover - manages repackaging of old RPMs and rollbacks
urpmi.recover --checkpoint [--noclean] urpmi.recover --list '1 week ago' urpmi.recover --rollback '1 hour ago' urpmi.recover --disable [--noclean]
urpmi.recover is a tool to help management of RPM rollbacks. It has three main functions:
urpmi.recover --checkpoint is used to define a point in your system that you consider stable, and to start storing info that will enable you to rollback installations and upgrades to this state.
urpmi.recover --list is used to list chronologically all installations and upgrades on your system. (It has two variants,
urpmi.recover --rollback is used to roll back installations and upgrades to a previous point in the past (at most until your checkpoint.)
Define the repackaging checkpoint. From now on, using rpm and/or urpmi/urpme to install, upgrade or remove packages, the older packages will be stored in /var/spool/repackage, or whatever directory you set the
%_repackage_dir rpm macro to. This way one can use them for rollbacks.
Technically, using this option writes a file /etc/rpm/macros.d/urpmi.recover.macros that overrides the rpm macros used to set up the repackaging functionalities of rpm. You can change
%_repackage_dir there if you want to. Note that you'll probably need plenty of space to store repackaged rpms for a long timeframe.
You can also choose to turn off repackaging by setting
%_repackage_all_erasures to 0 in this file. (Of course if you do so rollbacks won't be possible anymore.)
--checkpoint defines a new checkpoint and removes everything in the repackage directory. To prevent this cleaning, use the
Lists all installations and upgrades from now since the provided date, grouped by installation transactions. The date parser is quite elaborated, so you can give a date in ISO format or close to it (
YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss) or a duration (e.g. "1 day ago").
Lists all installations and upgrades known to the RPM database.
Lists all installations and upgrades up to the date of the checkpoint.
Roll back the system to the given date (see
--list for accepted date formats), or rolls back the given number of transactions.
Use the file system tree rooted for urpmi database and rpm install. Contrary to --root, the urpmi configuration comes from the rooted tree.
Turn off repackaging. Unless
--noclean was also specified, this cleans up the repackage directory as well. To turn it on again, use
When enabled, you can't install and repackage delta rpms (rpms generated with the
makedeltarpm tool.) Also, if you install a delta rpm, you won't be able to rollback past this point. A sound advice would be to completely avoid delta rpms if you're planning to use urpmi.recover.
Copyright (C) 2006 Mandriva SA